Quba Mosque in Medina
|Founder||Prophet Muhammad (s)|
|Renovation||In different periods|
|Features||The first mosque in Islam, It is mentioned in Qur'an 9:108-109.|
Quba mosque was built six kilometer off Medina in village of Quba, which is currently part of Medina. The name of the mosque is taken from the village which was named after a famous well, called Quba.
Entrance of The Prophet (s) and Building a Mosque
Before staying in Medina in the first year after Hijra, the Prophet Muhammad (s) accepted requests of people of Quba and ordered to build a mosque there. The Prophet (s) entered this village on twelfth or fourteenth of Rabi' I, he stayed in Quba and helped Muslims to build the mosque in a week. In some sources it is mentioned that 'Ammar b. Yasir proposed the idea of building a mosque in Quba; while some other sources stated that 'Ammar played the main role in building Quba mosque which made him the first Muslim who built a mosque.
Prophet Muhammad (s) always mentioned the significance of Quba mosque. It is mentioned in a narration that after staying in Medina, Prophet Muhammad (s) visited Quba mosque every week on Saturdays in order to say prayers.
In 555/1160, Jamal al-Din Isfahani, the minister of Mosul ordered to rebuild Quba mosque. It was also rebuilt and repaired in the eighth and ninth/fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. Quba mosque was later developed in the time of Ottomans and Saudi government. Nowadays it has several sections with domes built on their roofs.
Quba Mosque in the Qur'an
The 108th verse of Qur'an 9 (Sura Al-Tawba) expresses two features for Quba mosque: First Quba mosque is more worthy to say prayer there, and second there are men in this mosque who love to purify themselves.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from مسجد قبا in Farsi Wikishia.