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Muhammad Taqi Amuli

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Personal Information
Full Name Muhammad Taqi Amuli
Birth 1304/1887
Residence Tehran
Studied in Tehran,Najaf
Death 1391/1971
Burial Place Mashhad
Scholarly Information
Professors Shaykh 'Abd al-Nabi Nuri, Mirza Hasan Kirmanshahi, Mirza Na'ini, Aqa Diya' 'Iraqi, and Sayyid Abu l-Hasan Isfahani
Works Glosses on Manzuma, Glosses on Sharh Isharat,Glosses on al-Makasib,Commentary on 'Urwat al-Wuthqa

Muḥammad Taqī Āmulī (Persian: محمدتقی آملی) (b. 1304/1887 - d. 1391/1971) was a Shia jurist who educated under some great teachers like Mirza Na'ini, Aqa Diya' 'Iraqi, and Aqa Sayyid Abu l-Hasan Isfahani in Najaf, then he came back to Tehran and started teaching and researching there. He passed away in Tehran.

Family and Birth

Muhammad Taqi Amuli, son of Mulla Muhammad Amuli was born on 12th of Dhu l-Qa'da 1304 (2 August, 1887) in Tehran.

Teachers

He learned primary lessons from his father. Then, he educated under scholars such as Shaykh 'Abd al-Nabi Nuri and Mirza Hasan Kirmanshahi. In 1340/1992, he immigrated to Najaf. There, he took part in classes of great teachers such as Mirza Na'ini, Aqa Diya' 'Iraqi, and Sayyid Abu l-Hasan Isfahani.[1]

Coming back to Tehran

Amuli came back to Tehran and began teaching and writing. He was a solitary jurist. He was not willing to accept leadership, and avoided to write the Risalah Amaliyya (Manual of Islamic law) until the end of his life. A group of erudite jurists were his students and cherished him.

Works

  1. Glosses on Manzuma of Mulla Hadi Sabziwari
  2. Glosses on Sharh Isharat of Ibn Sina
  3. Glosses on al-Makasib of Shaykh Ansari
  4. Commentary on 'Urwat al-Wuthqa
  5. Kitab al-salat. (lessons of Mirza Na'ini)[2]

Demise

Amuli passed away on Saturday,Shawwal 29, 1391/December 18, 1971 in Tehran[3] and his body was buried in the Holy Shrine of Imam al-Rida (a) in Mashhad.[4]

Notes

  1. Moṭahharī, Majmuʿa āthār, vol. 14, p. 538; Dāʾirat al-Maʿārif buzurg-i Islāmī, vol. 2, p. 215.
  2. Dāʾirat al-Maʿārif buzurg-i Islāmī, vol. 2, p. 215.
  3. Dāʾirat al-Maʿārif buzurg-i Islāmī, vol. 2, p. 215.
  4. Ābidi, Zindigīnāma-yi marḥūm Ayatullāh Shaykh Muḥammad Taqī Āmulī, p. 92.

References

  • Tihrānī, Aqā Buzurg. Ṭabaqāt aʿlām al-Shīʿa. 4th Century.
  • Ābidi, Yaḥyā. Zindigīnāma-yi marḥūm Ayatullāh Shaykh Muḥammad Taqī Āmulī. Anjuman-i Āthār wa Mafākhir-i Farhangī. 1380 Sh.
  • Sāzmān-i Awqāf. Mukhtasari az sharh ahwāl wa āthār-i Muḥammad Taqī Āmulī. Maʿārif Islāmi, Year 1, No 2, Winter 1345 Sh.
  • Moṭahharī, Mortezā. Khadimāt- mutaqābil-i Islām wa Irān. Tehran: 1354 Sh.
  • Moṭahharī, Mortezā. Khadimāt- mutaqābil-i Islām wa Irān. Tehran: Intishārāt-i Ṣadrā, 1377 Sh.
  • Moṭahharī, Mortezā. Majmuʿa āthār-i ustād shahīd Moṭahharī. Tehran and Qom: Intishārāt-i Ṣadrā, 1390 Sh.