Muhammad Thaqafi Tihrani
|Full Name||Mirza Muhammad Thaqafi Tihrani|
|Well-Known Relatives||Imam Khomeini, Mirza Abu l-Fadl Kalantar, Khadija Thaqafi|
|Place of Birth||Tehran|
|Studied in||Seminary of Tehran and Qom|
|Burial Place||Shrine of 'Abd al-'Azim al-Hasani|
|Professors||Sayyid Abu l-Hasan Qazwini, Shaykh 'Abd al-Karim Ha'iri|
|Permission for Hadith|
|Muhammad Rida Isfahani Masjidshahi|
|'Abd al-Karim Ha'iri Yazdi|
|Works||Tafsir-i ravan-i javid, Collections of poems (diwan)|
|Imam of Congregational Prayer|
Muḥammad Thaqafī Nūrī, known as Mīrzā Muḥammad Thaqafī Tihrānī (1895-1985), was a Shiite scholar of the twentieth century and the author of the Qur'anic exegesis, Ravan-i javid. Thaqafi studied in seminary of Tehran and Qom, and received permissions for ijtihad from Shaykh 'Abd al-Karim Ha'iri and Muhammad Rida Isfahani Masjidshahi.
Mirza Muhammad composed poems and elegies of Ahl al-Bayt (a). He has some works in Islamic jurisprudence, philosophy, Theology, and exegesis of the Qur'an, most of which are commentaries on work by other scholars.
He was Imam Khomeini's father-in-law.
Mirza Muhammad Thaqafi was the son of Mirza Abu l-Fadl Kalantar. He was born in Jumada II 1313 (November 1895) in Tehran. In 1923, he migrated to Qom, and after seven years, he returned to Tehran. Until his death, he resided in Paminar Street in Tehran, serving as the imam of congregational prayers and propagating religious doctrines. He died on Dhu l-Qa'da 22, 1405 (August 9, 1985). He was buried in the Shrine of 'Abd al-'Azim al-Hasani in Rey. According to Sharif Razi, he died in 1404 (1984), and was buried in the holy shrine of Imam al-Rida (a).
Thaqafi began his studies in his birthplace. He studied the preliminaries, Arabic literature, jurisprudence, and principles of jurisprudence with Mirza Kuchak Sawuji and Aqa Buzurg Sawuji. In 1341/1923, he migrated to Qom, where he attended the lectures of Sayyid Abu l-Hasan Qazwini and Shaykh 'Abd al-Karim Ha'iri. He also attended the lectures of Muhammad Rida Isfahani Masjidshahi for a while. He received permissions of ijtihad from Shaykh 'Abd al-Karim and Shaykh Muhammad Rida Isfahani. He also received a permission for transmission of hadiths from Masjidshahi on Sha'ban 3, 1345 (February 6, 1927).
Mirza Muhammad has left some work, including:
- Commentaries on lecture notes of Manzuma by Sayyid Abu l-Hasan Rafi'i Qazwini
- Ghurar al-'awa'id; commentaries on Ayatollah Ha'iri's Durar al-fawa'id
- Commentaries on al-Suyuti
- Lectures notes of the issues of Nikah (marriage) by Ayatollah Ha'iri
- An essay on the impermissibility of resort to unjust rulers
- Commentaries on Abu l-Hasan Sha'rani's translation and exposition of Kashf al-murad
- Commentaries on Sha'rani's Rah-i sa'adat
- Collections of poems (diwan)
- The material for this article is mainly taken from محمد ثقفی تهرانی in Farsi WikiShia.