Muhammad b. 'Ali al-Asadi
|Full Name||Mufid al-Din Muhammad b. 'Ali al-Asadi al-Hilli|
|Kunya||Abu 'Abd Allah|
|Well-Known As||Ibn Juhaym|
|Religious Affiliation||Twelver Shi'a|
|Professors||Al-Sayyid Fakhkhar b. Mu'idd al-Musawi|
|Students||Al-'Allama al-Hilli, Hasan b. Dawud al-Hilli and Al-Sayyid 'Abd al-Karim b. Tawus|
Mufīd al-Dīn Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad b. ʿAlī al-Asadī al-Ḥillī (Arabic: مفیدالدین ابوعبدالله محمد بن علي الاسدي الحلي), known as Ibn Juhaym (Arabic: اِبن جُهَیم), was a Shiite master of Ijaza (that is, masters who could give to their students permissions to transmit hadiths) in the 7th/13th century. Al-'Allama al-Hilli was one of his students.
Lineage and Birth
Ibn Tawus mentioned Ibn Juhaym's grandfather as Jahm. There is no information about the years of his birth and death, but a consideration of his masters and students implies that he was in the generation of al-Muhaqqiq al-Hilli (d. 676/1277-78).
What al-'Allama al-Hilli reportated about a meeting between Khwaja Nasir al-Din al-Tusi and al-Muhaqqiq al-Hilli in Hillah implies that ibn Juhaym was a prominent scholar of theology and usul al-fiqh in his time. Moreover, al-'Allama al-Hilli and Ibn Tawus acknowledged his scholarship in fiqh (jurisprudence). Al-Hurr al-'Amili considered him to be a man of literature and a poet as well.
Chains of transmissions of different hadiths show that Ibn Juhaym was a master of Ijaza. Al-Hurr al-'Amili believed that he was a truthful transmitter of hadiths.
Masters and Students
- The material for this article is mainly taken from محمد بن علی اسدی in Farsi Wikishia.