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Muhammad b. Isma'il b. 'Abd al-Jabbar al-Ha'iri

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Muhammad b. Isma'il b. 'Abd al-Jabbar al-Ha'irihttp://en.wikishia.net
Personal Information
Well-Known As Abu 'Ali al-Ha'iri
Religious Affiliation Twelver Shi'a
Birth 1159/1746
Place of Birth Karbala
Residence Karbala
Death 1215-6/1800-1
Scholarly Information
Professors Wahid al-Bihbahani,Sayyid Ali al-Tabataba'i,Sayyid Muhammad Mahdi Bahr al-'Ulum
Students 'Abd al-Ali Rashti,Mulla Ali Baghdadi al-Ha'iri
Works Muntaha l-maqal fi ahwal al-rijal,Zahr al-Riyad

Muḥammad b. Ismaʿīl b. ʿAbd al-Jabbār al-Ḥāʾirī (Arabic: مُحَمَّد بن اسماعيل بن عَبدالجَبّار الحائِري) (b. 1159/1746 - d. 1215-6/1800-1), known as Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥāʾirī, was a Shi'a faqih (jurist) and scholar of 'ilm al-rijal of 13th/17th century. He was a student of Wahid al-Bihbahani, Sayyid 'Ali Tabatab'i, Sayyid Muhsin al-A'raji al-Kazimi, and Sayyid Muhammad Mahdi Bahr al-'Ulum. He is the author of the book Muntaha l-maqal fi ahwal al-rijal.

Birth and Lineage

His father was from north region of Iran, but he was born in Karbala, Iraq. He was less than 10 years old, when his father passed away. According to his father's saying, Abu Ali said that his lineage reaches Ibn Sina (Avicenna); but considering that Ibn Sina did not have any child, this lineage is dubious.

Teachers

According to his saying, Abu Ali had several trips to various regions such as Hijaz and Yemen.

Students

Works

His most famous work is Muntaha l-maqal fi ahwal al-rijal in Shi'a 'ilm al-rijal. More than any other books, he has considered Manhaj al-maqal -written by Astarabadi- and its glosses by al-Wahid al-Bihbahani while writing this book.

Several glosses have been written on this book some of which have been mentioned in al-Dhari'a by Aqa Buzurg Tihrani. The most important ones are:

  • Takmila Rijal Abi Ali : written by Mulla Ali Baghdadi al-Ha'iri.
  • Ikmal Muntaha al-maqal : written by Muhammad Ali Al Kashkul al-Ha'iri.

Muntaha al-maqal has been published several times. It was recently printed in seven volumes.

Manuscripts

His works which are available in manuscript are:

Other Works

In Muntaha al-maqal, Abu Ali named some of his other works, including:

  • A treatise about compulsory, forbidden, recommended, and disliked (wajib, haram, mustahab and makruh) actions in hajj, which he had chosen from Riyad al-masa'il written by Sayyid Ali Tabataba'i.
  • 'Aqd al-la'ali fi l-radd 'ala l-ta'fat al-ghabiyya
  • Al-Nukhbat al-wajiza (a summary of the chapter of hajj from Riyad al-masa'il written by Sayyid Ali Tabataba'i).

Demise

According to what his son has written on the margin of his book, Muntaha l-maqal, he passed away on his way back from hajj in Najaf in 1216/1801 and was buried there. On the other hand, Khurasani, Khwansari said that he passed away in 1215/1800 in Karbala. Mudarris, also, emphasized that he was buried in Karbala.

References