Muhammad b. Isma'il b. 'Abd al-Jabbar al-Ha'iri
|Well-Known As||Abu 'Ali al-Ha'iri|
|Religious Affiliation||Twelver Shi'a|
|Place of Birth||Karbala|
|Professors||Wahid al-Bihbahani,Sayyid Ali al-Tabataba'i,Sayyid Muhammad Mahdi Bahr al-'Ulum|
|Students||'Abd al-Ali Rashti,Mulla Ali Baghdadi al-Ha'iri|
|Works||Muntaha l-maqal fi ahwal al-rijal,Zahr al-Riyad|
Muḥammad b. Ismaʿīl b. ʿAbd al-Jabbār al-Ḥāʾirī (Arabic: مُحَمَّد بن اسماعيل بن عَبدالجَبّار الحائِري) (b. 1159/1746 - d. 1215-6/1800-1), known as Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥāʾirī, was a Shi'a faqih (jurist) and scholar of 'ilm al-rijal of 13th/17th century. He was a student of Wahid al-Bihbahani, Sayyid 'Ali Tabatab'i, Sayyid Muhsin al-A'raji al-Kazimi, and Sayyid Muhammad Mahdi Bahr al-'Ulum. He is the author of the book Muntaha l-maqal fi ahwal al-rijal.
Birth and Lineage
His father was from north region of Iran, but he was born in Karbala, Iraq. He was less than 10 years old, when his father passed away. According to his father's saying, Abu Ali said that his lineage reaches Ibn Sina (Avicenna); but considering that Ibn Sina did not have any child, this lineage is dubious.
His most famous work is Muntaha l-maqal fi ahwal al-rijal in Shi'a 'ilm al-rijal. More than any other books, he has considered Manhaj al-maqal -written by Astarabadi- and its glosses by al-Wahid al-Bihbahani while writing this book.
- Takmila Rijal Abi Ali : written by Mulla Ali Baghdadi al-Ha'iri.
- Ikmal Muntaha al-maqal : written by Muhammad Ali Al Kashkul al-Ha'iri.
Muntaha al-maqal has been published several times. It was recently printed in seven volumes.
His works which are available in manuscript are:
- Zahr al-riyad, a Persian treatise about taharat (purifying), salat (prayer), and sawm (fast) which he had chosen from the book Riyad al-masa'il written by al-Sayyid Ali al-Tabataba'i.
- Al-'Adhab al-wasib 'ala al-jahid al-nasib, in which he refuted the book Nawaqid al-Rawafid written by Mirza Makhdum Sharifi.
In Muntaha al-maqal, Abu Ali named some of his other works, including:
- A treatise about compulsory, forbidden, recommended, and disliked (wajib, haram, mustahab and makruh) actions in hajj, which he had chosen from Riyad al-masa'il written by Sayyid Ali Tabataba'i.
- 'Aqd al-la'ali fi l-radd 'ala l-ta'fat al-ghabiyya
- Al-Nukhbat al-wajiza (a summary of the chapter of hajj from Riyad al-masa'il written by Sayyid Ali Tabataba'i).
According to what his son has written on the margin of his book, Muntaha l-maqal, he passed away on his way back from hajj in Najaf in 1216/1801 and was buried there. On the other hand, Khurasani, Khwansari said that he passed away in 1215/1800 in Karbala. Mudarris, also, emphasized that he was buried in Karbala.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from محمد بن اسماعیل بن عبدالحبار حائری in Farsi Wikishia.