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Mustadrak safinat al-bihar (book)

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Mustadrak safinat al-biḥar
Bibliographical Information
Author Ali Namazi Shahrudi
Language Arabic
Series 10 vol.
Subject Hadith
Published 1418/1997
Publisher Ja'mi'a Mudarrisin
Pages 10 Volume

Mustadrak safīnat al-biḥār (Arabic: مُسْتَدْرَک سَفینة البِحار) is an Arabic book in 10 volumes written by Shaykh 'Ali Namazi Shahrudi (d. 1985). He wrote the book as a supplement to Safinat al-bihar by Muhaddith Qummi. Because of his mastery of Bihar al-anwar, he added contents that were missed by Shaykh 'Abbas Qummi. The collection includes a table of the contents and indexes of Bihar al-anwar, including its Qur'anic verses and exegeses as well as Islamic doctrines concerning with primary and secondary principles of Islam, the nature of things and their characteristics and effects for God, jurisprudential ancillaries, stories and narrations, sermons, supplications, and ziyarahs.

Author

Main Article: 'Ali Namazi Shahrudi

'Ali Namazi Shahrudi (1915-1985), a Shiite scholar and author, was born in Shahrud. He accomplished his advanced studies in different Islamic disciplines in Najaf and Mashhad. Namazi Shahrudi wrote some books the most significant of which is Mustadrak safinat al-bihar. He is buried in the Holy Shrine of Imam al-Rida (a).

Mustadrak-Writing

Mustadrak-writing is a common term among authors of Islamic disciplines. It consists in writing a book in order to supplement another book and compensate the contents missing in it ("mustadrak" literally means compensation). Mustadrak-writing began since the 4th/10th century among Muslims in different branches of Islamic disciplines, including jurisprudence, rijal, and hadith.

Important Shi'i hadith collections Author Death Number of hadiths descriptions
al-Mahasin Ahmad b. Muhammad al-Barqi 274/887 about 2604 Hadiths regarding different topics such as fiqh and ethics
al-Kafi Muhammad b. Ya'qub al-Kulayni 329/940 about 16000 Variety of hadiths regarding the principles of beliefs, ethics, conducts, and fiqh
Man la yahduruh al-faqih al-Shaykh al-Saduq 381/991 about 5500 Hadiths regarding fiqh
Tahdhib al-ahkam al-Shaykh al-Tusi 460/1067 about 13600 Hadiths regarding fiqh
Al-Istibsar al-Shaykh al-Tusi 460/1067 about 5500 Hadiths regarding fiqh
al-Wafi al-Fayd al-Kashani 1091/1680 about 50,000 Collection of hadiths in the Four Books with eliminating repeated hadiths and explaining some hadiths
Wasa'il al-shi'a al-Shaykh al-Hurr al-'Amili 1104/1692 35850 Hadiths regarding fiqh in the Four Books and over 70 other collections of hadiths
Bihar al-anwar al-'Allama al-Majlisi 1110/1698 about 85,000 Hadiths from most of the Infallibles (a) regarding various issues
Mustadrak al-wasa'il Mirza Husayn Nuri 1320/1902 23,514 Supplementation of hadiths regarding fiqh in Wasa'il al-shi'a
Safinat al-bihar Shaykh 'Abbas Qummi 1359/1940 10 volumes an alphabetically ordered index for Bihar al-anwar
Mustadrak safinat al-bihar Shaykh 'Ali Namazi 1405/1984 10 volumes Supplementation of Safinat al-bihar
Jami' ahadith al-Shi'a Ayatollah Burujirdi 1380/1960 48,342 Including all Shiite hadiths regarding fiqh
Mizan al-hikma Muhammad Muhammadi Reyshahri contemporary 23,030 564 non-jurisprudential (not regarding fiqh) topics
al-Hayat Muhammad Rida Hakimi contemporary 12 volumes 40 chapters regarding theoretical and practical issues

Author's Method

Namazi Shahrudi says in the introduction of his book that Safinat al-bihar is a precious unique book, but since the book, Bihar al-anwar, is very extensive and lengthy, many contents are missing in Muhaddith Qummi's book. Thus, a "Mustadrak" is written in order to supplement Safinat al-bihar.[1]

In Mustadrak safinat al-bihar, the author follows the methods of Muhaddith Qummi, organizing and indexing the contents of Bihar al-anwar alphabetically. The author entered many more words in comparison with Safina, but he did not cite the references with symbols, as in Bihar and Safina. In his reference to Bihar al-anwar, he consulted the old print (Kumpani) as well as the new 110-volume print (Islamiyya). In his 34 years of constant efforts to writing the Mustadrak, Namazi Shahrudi tried to supplement the work of Muhaddith Qummi.[2]

Features

Here are some features of Mustadrak safinat al-bihar:

  • Citation of the chains of transmitters of some mursal hadiths in jurisprudential books.
  • Citation of the evidence for some ancillary jurisprudential rulings.
  • Concentration of the majority of words and topics on divine doctrines and the divine wilaya.
  • Some lexicological comments and an explanation of the whole or part of jurisprudential and other sorts of hadiths.
  • Citations of hadiths not mentioned in Bihar from other hadith or jurisprudential sources.
  • Elaboration of some doctrinal contents under relevant hadiths.
  • Citation of Shiite hadiths from sources other than hadith books.
  • Collection and organization of topic-based contents under beliefs, doctrines, wilaya, history, ethics, biographies of the Infallibles (a), worships, the nature and the characteristics of objects. For example, with regard to sermons, in addition to the classification of the sermons by the Infallibles (a), sermons of Amir al-Mu'minin (a) are cited which are concerned with monotheism, prophethood, the position of Ahl al-Bayt (a), their virtues, the characterization and the virtues of the Qur'an, the characterization of the creation of the world, sermons containing the sentence: "ask me before you miss me", battles of Jamal, Siffin and Nahrawan, malahim (battles), miscellaneous cited from Bihar and other books.[3]

Sources of the Book

In Mustadrak, Namazi Shahrudi did not rest content with the sources of Bihar al-anwar. He also referred to contemporary sources, especially with respect to the virtues of Ahl al-Bayt (a).

Publication

The book consists of 10 volumes, 5 of which were published in Mashhad during the author’s life at his own expense, and the rest was published by his son in 1409/1988 in Bunyad-i Bi'that in Tehran.[5]

The 10-volume collection was published by the Office of Islamic Publications (Daftar-i Intisharat-i Islami) affiliated with Ja'mi'a Mudarrisin (Society of the Teachers of the Islamic Seminary of Qom) in 1418/1997.

Notes

  1. Namāzī, Mustadrak Safīnat al-biḥār, vol. 1, p. 26.
  2. Muḥaddith-i Rabbānī, vol. 2, p. 828, 829.
  3. Namāzī, "Zandigīnāma-yi Ayatullāh Namāzī Shāhrūdī", p. 28-29.
  4. Namāzī, "Zandigīnāma-yi Ayatullāh Namāzī Shāhrūdī", p. 28.
  5. Muḥaddith-i Rabbānī, vol. 2, p. 828, 828.

References

  • Muḥaddith-i Rabbānī. Qom: Nūr al-Maṭāf, 1389 Sh.
  • Namāzī Shāhrūdī, ʿAlī. Mustadrak Safīnat al-biḥār. Qom: Daftar-i Nashr-i Islāmī, 1389 Sh.
  • Namāzī, Muḥammad. 1391 Sh. "Zandigīnāma-yi Ayatullāh Namāzī Shāhrūdī." Safīnat al-Biḥar 34:8-30.