Mustafa b. Husayn al-Tafrishi
|Full Name||Mustafa b. Husayn al-Husayni al-Tafrishi|
|Professors||Mulla 'Abd Allah al-Shushtari|
|Permission for Hadith|
|Mulla 'Abd Allah al-Shushtari|
Muṣṭafā b. Ḥusayn al-Ḥusaynī al-Tafrishī (Arabic: مصطفی بن حسین التَفْرِشی) was a scholar of 'ilm al-rijal. He was a student of Mulla 'Abd Allah al-Shushtari. In his Naqd al-rijal, he tried to critically review and collect different views in an organized way. Al-Tafrishi has always been praised by subsequent scholars for his meticulousness and knowledge.
In biographical books no much information is provided about al-Tafrishi's life and there are some scattered information about his life, such as his lineage goes back through Hasan al-Aftas to Imam Zayn al-'Abidin (a), and also Khwansari speculated that he was a nephew of Fayd Allah b. 'Abd al-Qadir al-Husayni, the scholar of fiqh, kalam and 'ilm al-rijal.
The years of his birth and death are not known. However, there are few reports about his life that can approximately determine the time span in which he lived. In 1044/1634 when Mulla Murad al-Tafrishi finished his book, al-Ta'liqat al-Sajjadiyya, he prayed for al-Tafrishi by the phrase, "may God support him", which shows that he was alive at that time. Al-Tafrishi himself reported that he met 'Abd al-'Ali b. 'Ali al-Karaki (d. 993/1585). He wrote the book, Naqd al-rijal, in 1015/1606, and in his permission for hadith transmission to al-Tafrishi in 1020/1611, al-Shushtari used phrases that are commonly used about a young person. All this can show that he lived from about 980s/1570s to about 1050s/1640s. Al-Tafrishi's son in law, Mir Dawud b. Isma'il was a Shiite scholar in the 11th/17th century.