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The tomb of Sallar in Tabriz, Iran
|Full Name||Hamza b. 'Abd al-'Aziz al-Daylami|
|Residence||Baghdad • Aleppo|
|Burial Place||Khosrow Shahr, Tabriz, Iran|
|Professors||al-Shaykh al-Mufid • al-Sharif al-Murtada.|
|Students||Abu 'Ali Tusi • 'Abd Allah b. Hasan b. Husayn b. Babawayh • Hasan b. Husayn b. Babawayh • Mubarak b. Fakhir|
|Works||Al-Marasim al-'alawiyya • Al-Muqni' fi al-madhhab • Al-Taqrib • Al-Tadhkira fi haqiqat al-jawhar wa al-'arad • Al-Masa'il al-sallariyya|
Abū Yaʿlā Ḥamza b. ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz (Arabic:أبویَعلی حَمزَه بن عَبدالعَزیز), known as Sallār al-Daylamī (Arabic:سَلّار الدَیلَمی), one of the great scholars of the 5th/11th century. Although he was an expert in many disciplines of his time, his prominence in fiqh has overshadowed his expertise in other disciplines. He was a student of al-Shaykh al-Mufid and al-Sharif al-Murtada. He passed away in 463/1071 and is more likely buried near Tabriz.
There is no mention of his date of birth, date of immigration, duration of stay in Aleppo, travels, marriage, or children in the sources. However, based on some evidence, such as the biography of his teachers, students, and contemporaries, and the fact that he would sometimes teach on behalf of al-Shaykh al-Mufid and al-Sharif al-Murtada, he must have been born in the second half of the fourth/eleventh century. His place of birth is Daylaman. The name "Sallar" seems to have been the Arabicized form of the Persian "Salar" which means master or chief.
His students include the following:
In his book Khulasat al-aqwal, al-'Allama al-Hilli writes, "Sallar b. 'Abd al-'Aziz al-Daylami was one of the trustworthy Shi'a jurists who was prominent in Fiqh and literature.” Ayatollah Khoei mentions that Sallar was a jurist who was "eminent, celebrated, and trustworthy."
- Al-Marasim al-'alawiyya fi al-ahkam al-nabawiyya
- Al-Muqni' fi al-madhhab
- Al-Taqrib (al-Tahdhib) in Usul al-Fiqh
- Al-Tadhkira fi haqiqat al-jawhar wa al-'arad
- Al-Abwab wa al-fusul fi al-fiqh
- Al-Masa'il al-sallariyya
- Al-Radd 'ala Abi al-Hasan al-Basri fi naqḍ al-shafi
Sallar as a Judge
Al-Sharif al-Murtada would send his mujtahid students to different places as judges. Sallar was a prominent figure who was sent by al-Murtada to Aleppo area as a judge. In addition to becoming the judge, Sallar became the religious leader of Shi'a in Aleppo. We do not know the date of his travel to Aleppo and the duration of his stay there, but there is evidence that he lived there for a long time.
Demise and Burial Place
There is disagreement as to the date of Sallar’s demise. According to the majority of scholars, he passed away in Ramadan 6, 463/ June 7, 1071 in Khosrow Shahr, a village near Tabriz and his grave is there. Why and how he passed away in that place is not known. However, it is probable that he had fled Baghdad, like other scholars of the time, as a result of civil wars and conflicts, heading to his ancestral land, but passed away on his way.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from حمزة بن عبدالعزیز سلار دیلمی in Farsi WikiShia.