Sūra al-Māʿūn (Arabic: سورَة الماعون) or Araʾayta al-ladhī (Arabic: أَرَأَيْتَ الَّذِي) is the 107th sura or chapter of the Qur'an. It is a Makki sura in the 30th juz' of the Qur'an. The word, "ma'un", occurs as the last word of the sura which means zakat or any useful thing. The sura contains the attributes of the deniers of the Resurrection. The Qur'an characterizes such people as those who do not donate, say their prayer in a perfunctory way, and are hypocrites. Sura al-Ma'un is said to be revealed with regard to Abu Sufyan. There are virtues for the recitation of this sura; for example, if one recites Sura al-Ma'un after the 'Isha Prayer, God will forgive him or her, and will protect him or her until the adhan of the Morning Prayer.
The sura is known as "Ma'un" and "Ara'ayta al-ladhi". "Ma'un" comes from the ending of the sura, and "ara'ayta al-ldhi" comes from the beginning of it. It is said that in the period of Jahiliyya, "ma'un" referred to any benefit (or useful thing), and after the emergence of Islam, it referred to zakat. The sura is also known as "Din" (religion) and "Takdhib" (denial or falsification), because these are two of the main themes of the sura.
Location and Order of Revelation
Sura al-Ma'un is a Makki sura, and in the order of revelation, it is the 17th sura revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (s). In the traditional order of compilation, it is the 107th sura located in the 30th juz' of the Qur'an.
Number of Verses and Other Features
Sura al-Ma'un has 7 verses, 25 words, and 114 letters. With regard to largeness, it is one of the mufassalat suras (the ones with short and numerous verses).
The sura expresses the attributes and actions of deniers of the Resurrection in five aspects: because of their denial of the Resurrection, they refuse to donate in the path of God, they refuse to help orphans and the poor, they say their prayers perfunctorily, they are hypocrites, and they do not help people in need.
Occasion of the Revelation
With respect to the occasion of the revelation of Sura al-Ma'un, it is said to have been revealed about Abu Sufyan. He slaughtered two big camels for himself and his friends every day. One day, an orphan went to him and asked him for some help, but Abu Sufyan hit him with his cane and made him stay away.
Virtues and Effects
There is a hadith from the Prophet (s) according to which, if one recites Sura al-Ma'un after 'Isha Prayer, God will forgive him or her and will protect him or her until the adhan of the Morning Prayer. There is also a hadith from Imam al-Sadiq (a) according to which, if one recites Sura al-Ma'un after the Afternoon Prayer, he or she will be protected by God until the next afternoon. According to other hadiths, if one recites Sura al-Ma'un in obligatory and mustahab prayers, God will accept his or her prayer and fast and will no longer inspect his or her actions.
|For the full text, see text:Sura al-Ma'un.|
The material for this article is mainly taken سوره ماعون from in Farsi WikiShia.
- Khamagar, Muhammad, Sakhtar-i suraha-yi Qur'an-i karim, Mu'assisa-yi Farhangi-yi Qur'an wa 'Itrat-i Nur al-Thaqalayn, Qom: Nashra, ed.1, 1392 Sh.