Sura al-Aʿlā (Arabic: سورة الأَعلی) is 87th sura of the Qur'an and a Makki sura located in juz' 30. The name of the sura is adopted from its first verse, meaning "the most Exalted". First verses of the sura call the Prophet (s) to glorify God and then mentions seven attributes for God and then speaks of humble believers and wretched disbelievers and mentions the causes of happiness and wretchedness of the two groups.
About the merits of recitation of this sura, it is narrated from the Prophet (s) that whoever recites this sura, God will reward him as many as ten rewards for each words He revealed to Abraham (a), Moses (a), and Muhammad (s).
- 1 Introduction
- 2 Content
- 3 The Prophet (s) and Not Forgetting the Qur'an
- 4 Eid al-Fitr Prayer and Zakat al-Fitra
- 5 Number of Prophets (a) and Divine Books
- 6 God's Knowledge
- 7 Merits of Recitation
- 8 Notes
- 9 References
This sura is named "al-A'la" because it began with glorification of God, the Exalted. "A'la" means "most exalted and superior than anything."
Place and Order of Revelation
Sura al-A'la is considered among Makki suras which is 87th sura in the Qur'an, and was revealed as the 80th sura of the Qur'an; i.e. after Sura al-Takwir (Qur'an 81) and before Sura al-Layl (Qur'an 92). It is located in juz' 30.
Number of Verses and other Features
Sura al-A'la has two parts: the first part of the sura addresses the Prophet (s) and gives him orders about glorification of God and performing his mission. Also, seven attributes of God are mentioned in this part. The second part speaks about humble believers and wretched disbelievers and mentions the causes of happiness and wretchedness of the two groups.
The Prophet (s) and Not Forgetting the Qur'an
|“||" We shall have you recite [the Qur'an], then you will not forget [any of it]"||”|
|— Quran 87:6|
In this verse, God ensures the Prophet (s) not to worry about forgetting the verses, for the One who has sent them, will guard them. In Tafsir al-mizan, 'Allama Tabataba'i wrote, "Iqra'" means "receiving recitation of the reciter in order to correct his recitation"; however, this is literal meaning of the word and in this verse, it means that God gave the Prophet (s) such a power to recite the Qur'an correctly and well, exactly the way it was revealed and without any alteration.
Eid al-Fitr Prayer and Zakat al-Fitra
In Majma' al-bayan, it is mentioned that some have said that "tazkiya" and "salat" in verses 14 and 15 refer to paying Zakat al-Fitra and Eid al-Fitr prayer. This question might be raised that this sura is Makki and that time, there was no zakat or Eid prayer. It has been answered that the first verses of this sura might be revealed in Mecca and its final verses including verses 14 and 15 might be revealed in Medina.
In Tafsir al-burhan, under the verse 14, al-Sayyid Hashim al-Bahrani wrote that it has been narrated from Imam al-Sadiq (a) that fasting becomes complete with paying zakat al-fitra, the same way the prayer becomes complete with sending blessings upon the Prophet (a). So, anyone who fasts and does not give zakat al-fitra intentionally, his fasting is not accepted and anyone who performs prayer and does not send blessings upon the Prophet (a) and abandons it intentionally, his prayer is not accepted. God, the Almighty has prioritized zakat al-fitra over prayer and said, "Felicitous is he who purifies himself, (14) celebrates the Name of his Lord, and prays." (Qur'an 87: 14–15)
Number of Prophets (a) and Divine Books
The last verse of the Sura al-A'la suggests that Prophets Abraham (a) and Moses (a) had divine books too. In a hadith, Abu Dhar narrated, "I asked the Prophet (a), 'how many prophets (a) were there?' He (a) answered, '124 thousand.' Then, he (a) said, 'O, Abu Dhar! Four of the Prophets (a) were Arab: Hud (a), Salih (a), Shu'ayb (a) and your prophet.' I asked, 'O, messenger of God, how many books God have sent?' He (a) said, '104 books; 10 books upon Adam (a), 50 books upon Seth (a), 30 books upon Enoch who was Idris (a); and he (a) was the first person who wrote by pen, and 10 books upon Abraham (a), Torah upon Moses (a), the Gospel upon Jesus (a), Psalms upon David (a) and revealed al-Furqan (means Qur'an) upon the Prophet of Islam (s)."
|“||" Indeed, He knows the open and what is hidden."||”|
|— Quran 87:7|
It is mentioned in the interpretation of verse 7 that the visible and the hidden are equal to God; because whatever visible and hidden are in His creation. Mulla Sadra wrote that this verse proves the knowledge for God and negates any ignorance or defect about God.
Merits of Recitation
In Majma' al-bayan, it is narrated from the Prophet (s) that whoever recites this sura, God will reward him as many as ten rewards for each words He revealed to Abraham (a) Moses (a) and Muhammad (s). Also, it is narrated from Imam Ali (a) that the Prophet (s) loved this sura. It is narrated from Imam al-Sadiq (a) that whoever recites Sura al-A'la in his obligatory prayers or his Daily Nawafil, on the Judgment Day, he will be told that he can enter the Paradise from any of its doors if God wills.
|For the full text, see text:Sura al-A'la.|
- Khamagar, Muhammad, Sakhtar-i suraha-yi Qur'an-i karim, Mu'assisa-yi Farhangi-yi Qur'an wa 'Itrat-i Nur al-Thaqalayn, Qom: Nashra, ed.1, 1392 Sh.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from سوره اعلی in Farsi Wikishia.