Sura al-Ḍuḥā (Arabic: سورة الضحی) or Sura Wa l-Ḍuḥā (Arabic: سورة والضحی) is 93rd sura of the Qur'an. It is a Makki sura located in juz' 30. This sura is among suras revealed to the Prophet (s) at once. About the occasion of revelation of this sura, it is narrated that it was revealed to the Prophet (s) after a period that nothing had revealed to him and disbelievers criticized him, saying that God forsake him.
Sura al-Duha addressed the Prophet (s) saying that God has not forsaken you. Then, it mentions the blessings of God upon the Prophet (s) and advises about orphans and beggars and asks him to proclaim the blessings of God for people. It is narrated from the Prophet (s) that whoever recites Sura Wa l-Duha, it will be upon the Prophet (s) to intercede for him and the reciter will receive rewards ten times of the count of all the beggars and orphans.
Place and Order of Revelation
Number of Verses and Other Characteristics
Sura al-Duha begins with two oaths. It then gives good news to the Prophet (s) that God never forsake him. Then, it gives the good news that God will give him so much that he (s) will be pleased. In the last part of the sura, it reminds about the past life of the Prophet (s) and mentions that always God blessed him and in most difficult moments supported him; thus, in the last verses, it orders him to be kind to orphans and the needy as a gratitude for those blessings and asks him to proclaim them.
Occasion of Revelation
About the occasion of revelation of Sura al-Duha, it is said that for a while, nothing was revealed to the Prophet (s), so some of the enemies criticized him saying that God forsake His messenger (s). Then, Sura al-Duha was revealed and made the Prophet (s) happy.[Note 1]
About the occasion of revelation of verse 5 of this sura, some Shi'a and Sunni exegetes said that, the Prophet (s) once saw that his daughter Fatima (a) was wearing a cloak made of camel's skin and was breastfeeding her children and by one hand was grinding the flour, so, he (s) cried and said, "O my daughter! Tolerate the bitterness of this world for the sweetness of the hereafter." Then, verse 5 of Sura al-Duha was revealed.[Note 2]
Merits and Benefits
It is narrated from the Prophet (s) that whoever recites Sura al-Duha, it is upon the Prophet (s) to intercede for him in the hereafter and that person will receive rewards ten times of the count of all the beggars and orphans. It is narrated from Imam al-Sadiq (a) that whoever recites Suras Wa l-Duha and Qur'an 92 (Sura al-Layl), Qur'an 94 (Sura al-Sharh) and Qur'an 91 (Sura al-Shams) many times at night or during the day, on the Judgment Day, all the things belonging to him will give testimony in favor of him, even his hairs, skin, flesh, bones, blood, vessels, and nerves.
|For the full text, see text:Sura al-Duha.|
- Khamagar, Muhammad, Sakhtar-i suraha-yi Qur'an-i karim, Mu'assisa-yi Farhangi-yi Qur'an wa 'Itrat-i Nur al-Thaqalayn, Qom: Nashra, ed.1, 1392 Sh.
- ما وَدَّعَكَ رَبُّكَ وَما قَلىٰ: Your Lord has neither forsaken you nor is He displeased with you. (Qur'an 93:3)
- وَلَسَوفَ يُعطيكَ رَبُّكَ فَتَرضىٰ: Soon your Lord will give you [that with which] you will be pleased. (Qur'an 93:5)
- The material for this article is mainly taken from سوره ضحی in Farsi WikiShia.