Sūra al-Ghāshīya (Arabic: سورة الغاشية) is 88th sura of the Qur'an. It is Makki and located in 30th juz' of the Qur'an. "Ghashiya" means "to envelop" and it is one of the names of the Day of Judgment. This sura speaks about the states and fate of deniers and also happiness and salvation of believers and calls human beings to reflect upon the wonders of creation. About the merits of this sura, it is narrated from the Prophet (s) that if someone recites Sura al-Ghashiya, God will take it easy on him upon reckoning.
This sura is called al-Ghashiya because at the beginning of the sura, it speaks about al-Ghashiya ["the enveloper"]. "Ghashiya" means "to envelope" and it is one of the names of the Judgment Day. The Judgement Day is called so because it envelops and surrounds everyone with its dreadful events.
Place and Order of Revelation
Sura al-Ghashiyah is among Makki suras. It is 88th sura revealed to the Prophet (s) and also 88th sura in the compilation of the Qur'an, located in Juz' 30.
Number of Verses and Other Features
This sura begins with a description of paradise and its blessings and punishments of the hell. Then, it speaks of the Unity of God. In these verses, God tells human being to observe the wonders of creation such as the wonderful creation of camel, the sky, mountains and the earth. Secrets and wonders of these creatures guides human being toward his Creator. It then speaks about the prophethood of the Prophet (s) and at the end warns disbelievers about the punishment of God. In this sura, the states and fate of deniers and also happiness and salvation of believers are spoken about.
Ghashiya in Hadiths
One of the meanings of "Ghashiya" is "to envelop" and according to a hadith from Imam al-Sadiq (a), the meaning of the verse, "Did you receive the account of the Enveloper?" is that (after the uprising of Imam al-Mahdi (a)), Al-Qa'im (the Upriser (a)) surrounds them (enemies) with sword.
According to another hadith from Imam al-Sadiq (a), the verse "Did you receive the account of the Enveloper?" refers to those who gather around Imam (a) and neither he (a) benefits from their companionship, nor does he (a) make them needless.
About the merits of this sura, it is narrated from the Prophet (s) that if someone, recites Sura al-Ghashiya, God will take it easy on him upon reckoning. Also, it is narrated from Imam al-Sadiq (a) that everyone recites Sura al-Ghashiya in his obligatory and recommended prayers frequently, God will envelop him by His mercy in this world and the hereafter and in the hereafter will keep him safe from the painful punishment of the fire.
|For the full text, see text:Sura al-Ghashiya.|
- Khamagar, Muhammad, Sakhtar-i suraha-yi Qur'an-i karim, Mu'assisa-yi Farhangi-yi Qur'an wa 'Itrat-i Nur al-Thaqalayn, Qom: Nashra, ed.1, 1392 Sh.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from سوره غاشیه in Farsi WikiShia.