|al-Takwir ← →al-Mutaffifin|
Sūra al-Infiṭār (Arabic: سورة الانفطار) is 82nd sura of the Qur'an. It is Makki and located in juz' 30. It is called "al-Infitar" which is mentioned in its first verse, meaning "rending" and it speaks about rending of the sky on the Day of Judgement. Sura al-Infitar speaks about the Day of Judgement and its signs and gives news about the destinies of the pious (abrar) and the vicious (fujjar) and the abode of each group. About the merits of recitation of this sura, it is narrated from the Prophet (s) that whoever recites sura al-Infitar, God will give him rewards equal to the number of all graves and ten times more than the number of rain drops and snowflakes.
This sura is called "al-Infitar" which is mentioned in its first verse, meaning "rending" and it speaks about rending of the sky on the Judgment Day. Another name of this sura is "Infatarat".
Order and Place of Revelation
Number of Verses and other Characteristics
Sura al-Infitar has 19 verses, 81 words and 333 letters. Regarding volume, it is among Mufassalat suras (which have several short verses).
Sura al-Infitar speaks about happening of the Judgement Day and its signs and the events happening toward the end of the world. It also reminds human being of the blessings of God surrounding him. It divides people into two groups of Abrar (the pious) and Fujjar (the vicious) and speaks about the destinies of each group and mentions that honorable angels (noble writers) record everyone's deeds.
- يَا أَيُّهَا الْإِنسَانُ مَا غَرَّكَ بِرَبِّكَ الْكَرِيمِ
- O man! What has deceived you about your generous Lord
It is mentioned in Tafsir-i Nimuni that the goal of this verse is eliminating the excessive pride of human beings and waking them up from negligence. In Nahj al-Balagha, there is a sermon about this verse. There, Imam Ali (a) addresses human being and criticizes about why man finds the boldness to sin and becomes proud and that he is not aware of this pain of his at all; while, he is worried about others in many hardships. He wonders how the fear about unexpected wrath of God does not wake him up of this negligence and how, with all his weaknesses, he dares to sin against his Lord, Who is All-Generous and has never withdrawn His servants from His grace and not even for a moment has deprived him of His mercy.
Merits and Benefits
In Majma' al-bayan, it is narrated from the Prophet (s) that whoever recites sura al-Infitar, God will give him rewards equal to the number of all graves and ten times more than the number of rain drops and snowflakes. Also, it is narrated from the Prophet (s) that anyone wishes to look at me on the Judgment Day, as if seeing by his physical eyes, should recite suras al-Takwir, al-Infitar and al-Inshiqaq. In a hadith, al-Shaykh al-Saduq transmitted from Imam al-Sadiq (a) that whoever recites sura al-Infitar in his obligatory or recommended prayers, God will fulfill his requests and wishes and there will be no veil between him and God; and God will always look at him with mercy until the reckoning of people finishes.
It is mentioned in hadith references that reciting this sura has benefits such as releasing from prison, being away from scandal on the Judgment Day, strengthening the eyesight and healing eye pains.
- Khamagar, Muhammad, Sakhtar-i suraha-yi Qur'an-i karim, Mu'assisa-yi Farhangi-yi Qur'an wa 'Itrat-i Nur al-Thaqalayn, Qom: Nashra, ed.1, 1392 Sh.
|For the full text, see text:Sura al-Infitar.|
- The material for this article is mainly taken from سوره انفطار is Farsi Wikishia.