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Sura al-Inshiqaq

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Sura al-Inshiqaq
al-Mutaffifin← →al-Buruj
سوره انشقاق.jpg
Sura Number 84
Juz' 30
Revelation
Revelation Number 83
Makki/Madani Makki
Information
Verse Count 25
Word Count 108
Letter Count 444
This article is an introduction to the Sura al-Inshiqaq; to read its text see text:Sura al-Inshiqaq.

Sura al-Inshiqāq (Arabic: سورة الإنشقاق, the splitting) is the eighty forth sura of the Qur'an. It is a Makki sura in the thirtieth juz' of the Qur'an. "Inshiqaq" means "splitting" and this sura has been named so, because at the beginning of which, it is mentioned that the sky will split open on the Day of Judgement. Sura al-Inshiqaq is about the signs of the Day of Judgement , the end of the world and the hereafter.

For verse twenty first of the Sura al-Inshiqaq, prostration is recommended. About the merits of the recitation of this sura, it is narrated from the Prophet (s) that anyone who recites this chapter, God will save him from giving his records to him from behind on the Day of Judgement .


Introduction

  • Naming

This sura is called al-Inshiqaq because at the beginning of which, it is mentioned that the sky will split open on the Day of Judgement.[1] This sura is also called Inshaqqat.[2]

  • Place and Order of Revelation

Sura al-Inshiqaq is among Makki suras and the eighty third sura of the Qur'an brought to the Prophet (s). In the current order of compilation, This is eighty forth sura of the Qur'an,[3] located in Juz' thirty.

  • Number of Verses and other Features

Sura al-Inshiqaq has twenty seven verses, 108 words, and 444 letters. This sura is among Mufassalat suras (having several short verses) and among Zamaniyya suras which begin with "when…" (Arabic: إذا). For verse twenty first of the Sura al-Inshiqaq, sajda is recommended,[4] which means that when a person recites or hears it, it is recommended that he prostrates.

Content

Similar to its two previous suras al-Takwir (Quran 81) and al-Infitar (Qur'an 82) and generally like all Makki suras, Sura al-Inshiqaq mainly speaks about the hereafter and pictures its events and the Day of Judgment . Among these events, it mentions the splitting of the sky and describes two groups: the first group is called "people of the right hand" (Ashab al-Yamin) whose record of deeds will be given to their right hand and the other one is people of the left hand (Ashab al-Shimal), whose record of deeds will be thrown behind them.[5]

Content of Sura al-Inshiqaq[6]
 
 
Course of human progress up to his meeting with God
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
First topic: verses 1-15
Different stages of meeting human being with God
 
Second topic: verses 16-25
Certainty of the human's course of evolution
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
First point: verses 1-5
Collapse of the sky and the earth
 
First point: verses 16-19
Certainty of the human's course of evolution toward God
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Second point: verses 6-15
Human's meeting with wrath and mercy of God
 
Second point: verses 20-25
Warning those who reject human’s course of progress

Famous Verse

Verse six

About this verse, which is considered among moral verses, it is mentioned in Tafsir al-mizan that this verse is a fact for the existence of the hereafter and the goal of meeting God is that anything in the hereafter will end to Him and that time, there is no judgment except the judgment of God and His alone will be effective.[7] In Tafsir-i nimuna, three possibilities have been given for the meeting of God:

  • Seeing the Day of Judgement and the judgment of God on that day
  • Seeing the reward and punishment of God
  • Meeting God via intuition.[8]

Merits and Benefites

In tafsir Majma' al-bayan, it is narrated from the Prophet (s) that anyone who recites the Sura al-Inshiqaq, God will save him from giving his records to him from behind on the Day of Judgement.[9] It is transmitted from Imam al-Sadiq (a) that anyone who recites Sura al-Inshiqaq especially in his obligatory and recommended prayers, God will fulfill his requests and nothing will make distance between him and God and on the day people's actions will be reckoned, he will benefit from God's favorable look.[10]

Recitation of this sura has been recommended for the ease of childbirth.[11] It has also been recommended to be recited among Umm Dawud Practices.[12]

Notes

  1. "When the sky is split open"
  2. Khurramshāhī, Dānishnāma-yi Qurʾān, vol. 2, p. 1262.
  3. Maʿrifat, Āmūzish-i ʿulūm-i Qurʾān, vol. 1, p. 166.
  4. Khurramshāhī, Dānishnāma-yi Qurʾān, vol. 2, p. 1262.
  5. Khurramshāhī, Dānishnāma-yi Qurʾān, vol. 2, p. 1262.
  6. Khamagar, Muhammad, Sakhtar-i suraha-yi Qur'an-i karim, Mu'assisa-yi Farhangi-yi Qur'an wa 'Itrat-i Nur al-Thaqalayn, Qom: Nashra, ed.1, 1392 Sh.
  7. Ṭabāṭabāyī, al-Mīzān, vol. 20, p. 242-243.
  8. Makārim Shīrāzī, Tafsīr-i nimūna, vol. 26, p. 300.
  9. Ṭabrisī, Majmaʿ al-bayān, vol. 10, p. 301.
  10. Ṣadūq, Thawāb al-aʿmāl, p. 121.
  11. Baḥrānī, al-Burhān, vol. 5, p. 615.
  12. Ḥurr al-ʿĀmilī, Wasāʾil al-Shīʿa, vol. 6, p. 141.

References

  • Baḥrānī, Sayyid Hāshim b. Sulaymān. Al-Burhān fī tafsīr al-Qurʾān. Qom: Bunyād-i Biʿthat, 1416 AH.
  • Ḥurr al-ʿĀmilī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-. Wasāʾil al-Shīʿa. Qom: Āl al-Bayt, 1414 AH.
  • Khurramshāhī, Bahāʾ al-Dīn. Dānishnāma-yi Qurʾān wa Qurʾān pazhūhī. Tehran: Dūstān-Nāhīd, 1377 Sh.
  • Makārim Shīrāzī, Nāṣir. Tafsīr-i nimūna. Tenth edition. Tehran: Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmīyya, 1371 Sh.
  • Maʿrifat, Muḥammad Hādī. Āmūzish-i ʿulūm-i Qurʾān. [n.p]: Markaz Chāp wa Nashr-i Sāzmān-i Tablīghāt, 1371 Sh.
  • Ṣadūq, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī al-. Thawāb al-aʿmāl wa ʿiqāb al-aʿmāl. Edited by Ṣādiq Ḥasanzāda. Tehran: Armaghān-i Ṭūbā, 1382 Sh.
  • Ṭabāṭabāyī, Mūhammad Ḥusayn al-. Al-Mīzān fī tafsīr al-Qurʾān. Second edition. Beirut: Muʾassisat al-Aʿlamī li-l-Maṭbūʿāt, 1974.
  • Ṭabrisī, Faḍl b. al-Ḥasan al-. Majmaʿ al-bayān fī tafsīr al-Qurʾān. Translated to Farsi by Bīstūnī. Mashhad: Āstān-i Quds-i Raḍawī, 1390 Sh.