Sura al-Inshiqāq (Arabic: سورة الإنشقاق, the splitting) is the 84th sura of the Qur'an. It is a Makki sura in the 30th juz' of the Qur'an. "Inshiqaq" means "splitting" and this sura has been named so, because at the beginning of which, it is mentioned that the sky will split open on the Day of Judgement. Sura al-Inshiqaq is about the signs of the Judgement Day, the end of the world and the hereafter.
For verse 21 of the Sura al-Inshiqaq, prostration is recommended. About the merits of the recitation of this sura, it is narrated from the Prophet (s) that anyone who recites this chapter, God will save him from giving his records to him from behind on the Judgement Day.
This sura is called al-Inshiqaq because at the beginning of which, it is mentioned that the sky will split open on the Day of Judgement,
|“||"When the sky is split open"||”|
|— Quran 84:1|
This sura is also called Inshaqqat.
Place and Order of Revelation
Sura al-Inshiqaq is among Makki suras and the 83rd sura of the Qur'an brought to the Prophet (s). This sura is 84th sura of the Qur'an now, located in Juz' 30.
Number of Verses and other Features
Sura al-Inshiqaq has 25 verses, 108 words, and 444 letters. This sura is among Mufassalat suras (having several short verses) and among Zamaniyya suras which begin with "when…" (Arabic: إذا). For verse 21 of the Sura al-Inshiqaq, sajda is recommended, which means that when a person recites or hears it, it is recommended that he prostrates.
Similar to its two previous suras al-Takwir (Quran 81) and al-Infitar (Qur'an 82) and generally like all Makki suras, Sura al-Inshiqaq mainly speaks about the hereafter and pictures its events and the Judgment Day. Among these events, it mentions the splitting of the sky and describes two groups: the first group is called "Ashab al-Yamin" (people of the right hand) whose record of deeds will be given to their right hand and the other one is Ashab al-Shimal (people of the left hand), whose record of deeds will be thrown behind them.
يا أَيُّهَا الإِنسانُ إِنَّكَ كادِحٌ إِلىٰ رَبِّكَ كَدحًا فَمُلاقيهِ
"O man! You are labouring toward your Lord laboriously, and you will encounter Him."
|— Qur'an 84:6|
About this verse, which is considered among moral verses, it is mentioned in Tafsir al-mizan that this verse is a fact for the existence of the hereafter and the goal of meeting God is that anything in the hereafter will end to Him and that time, there is no judgment except the judgment of God and His alone will be effective. In Tafsir-i nimuna, three possibilities have been given for the meeting of God:
- Seeing the Judgment Day and the judgment of God on that day
- Seeing the reward and punishment of God
- Meeting God via intuition.
Merits of Recitation
In tafsir Majma' al-bayan, it is narrated from the Prophet (s) that anyone who recites the Sura al-Inshiqaq, God will save him from giving his records to him from behind on the Judgment Day. It is transmitted from Imam al-Sadiq (a) that anyone who recites Sura al-Inshiqaq especially in his obligatory and recommended prayers, God will fulfill his requests and nothing will make distance between him and God and on the day people's actions will be reckoned, he will benefit from God's favorable look.
|For the full text, see text:Sura al-Inshiqaq.|
- Khamagar, Muhammad, Sakhtar-i suraha-yi Qur'an-i karim, Mu'assisa-yi Farhangi-yi Qur'an wa 'Itrat-i Nur al-Thaqalayn, Qom: Nashra, ed.1, 1392 Sh.
- The material for this article is mainly from سوره انشقاق in Farsi WikiShia.