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Sura al-Mujadala

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Sura al-Mujadala
al-Hadid← →al-Hashr
سوره مجادله.jpg
Sura Number 58
Juz' 28
Revelation
Revelation Number 106
Makki/Madani Madani
Information
Verse Count 22
Word Count 475
Letter Count 2046
This article is an introduction to the Sura al-Mujadala; to read its text see text:Sura al-Mujadala.

Sūra al-Mujādala (Arabic: سورة المُجادَلة, the Pleading) is the fifty-eighth sura and among Madani suras of the Qur'an which is located in 28th juz'. This sura is called al-Mujadala because, at the beginning of this sura, there is a mention of the story of a woman who complained to the Prophet (s) of her husband who repudiated her by zihar. Sura al-Mujadala speaks about the rulings of zihar, manners of association of hypocrites, and prohibits believers of entering the confederates of devils and hypocrites.

Al-Najwa Verse (secret talk) is among the famous verses of this sura. Presence in the confederates of God and staying away from the punishment of God and poverty are mentioned the merits of reciting this sura. Sura al-Mujadala is the only sura, in all verses of which the name of "Allah" is mentioned.

Introduction

Naming

This sura is called Sura al-Mujadala (the Pleading) because at the beginning of it, there is a mention of the story of a woman who pleaded with the Prophet (s) about her husband who repudiated her by zihar (zihar means that a husband wrongly likens his wife to his mother and there are rulings about it in jurisprudence). Thus, this sura is called "al-Zihar" as well. Another name of this sura is "Qad Sami'-a" (Arabic: قَدْ سَمِعَ) because it begins with this phrase.

Order and Place of Revelation

Sura al-Mujadala is among Madani suras and it is 105th sura revealed to the Prophet (s). This sura is 58th sura in the current order of compilation of the Qur'an.

Number of Verses and Other Attributes

Sura al-Mujadala has 22 verses, 475 words, and 2046 letters. This sura is among mufassalat (the suras which have several short verses) and is a little less in length than a hizb. Sura al-Mujadala is at the beginning of juz' 28.

A special attribute of Sura al-Mujadala is that it is the only sura, in all verses of which the name of "Allah" is mentioned.

Content

Content of this sura can be divided to three parts:

  1. In the first part, it speaks of the ruling of zihar which was considered a kind of divorce and separation in the Age of Ignorance and Islam corrected it.
  2. In the second part of the sura, it speaks of the manners of association and socializing, including prohibition of secret talk and also ordering about providing place of sitting for those who enter a gathering later.
  3. In the last part of the sura, it speaks about hypocrites who claim about being [[[Muslim]], but they associate with the enemies of Islam. This part prohibits true Muslims of entering the confederates of devils and hypocrites and invites them toward the "love for God" and "hate for God" and joining the "confederates of God".
Content of Sura al-Mujadala[1]
 
 
 
 
Do not oppose to the order of God and His Prophet (s)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
First topic: verses 1-7
Avoiding opposition to the order of God in the manner of divorce
 
Second topic: verses 8-13
Avoiding plotting for and abusing the Prophet (s)
 
Third topic: verses 14-22
Avoiding friendship with the enemies of God
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
First point: verses 1-2
The oppressing nature of zihar
 
First point: verse 8
Measures of hypocrites in opposition to the Prophet (s)
 
First point: verses 14-18
Disclosing the friendship of hypocrites with the enemies of God
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Second point: verses 3-4
Atonement for zihar
 
Second point: verses 9-13
Duties of believers for opposing hypocrites
 
Second point: verses 14-18
Punishment of friendship with the enemies of God
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Third point: verses 5-7
Consequences of opposing the order of God
 
 
 
 
 
Third point: verses 19-21
Attributes of the friends of the enemies of God
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fourth point: verse 22
That no believer befriends the enemies of God

Historical Reports

  • A woman's complaint of zihar to the Prophet (s) in verse 1.
  • Ordering to give charity for talking secretly to the Prophet (s) and its abrogation in verses 12 and 13.

Al-Najwa Verse

Main article: al-Najwa Verse

Some famous exegetes including al-Shaykh al-Tabrisi in Majma' al-bayan wrote about the context of revelation of this verse and its following verses that a group of wealthy people went to the Prophet (s) and talked secretly to him [and took his time and made the poor worried]. Thus, God ordered that everyone needed to give charity to the poor before talking to the Prophet (s). Wealthy people stopped doing so, when they heard about it; so, the next verse was revealed [and criticized them and abrogated the previous rule] and gave permission for talking to the Prophet (s) to all people. Meanwhile, the only person who gave charity for talking to the Prophet (s) was Imam Ali (a).

Merits and Benefits

In a hadith from the Prophet (s), it is mentioned that, "anyone who recites Sura al-Mujadala, will be in confederates of God." In another hadith of Imam al-Sadiq (a), "anyone who recites Sura al-Mujadala and Sura al-Hadid in his daily prayers frequently, God will not punish him in all his life and his family will not receive any harm either and will not be afflicted with poverty and misery."

Verses of Ruling

Notes

  1. Khamagar, Muhammad, Sakhtar-i suraha-yi Qur'an-i karim, Mu'assisa-yi Farhangi-yi Qur'an wa 'Itrat-i Nur al-Thaqalayn, Qom: Nashra, ed.1, 1392 Sh.

References