Sūra al-Mujādala (Arabic: سورة المُجادَلة, the Pleading) is the fifty-eighth sura and among Madani suras of the Qur'an which is located in twenty eighth juz'. This sura is called al-Mujadala because, at the beginning of this sura, there is a mention of the story of a woman who complained to the Prophet (s) of her husband who repudiated her by zihar. Sura al-Mujadala speaks about the rulings of zihar, manners of association of hypocrites, and prohibits believers of entering the confederates of devils and hypocrites.
Al-Najwa Verse (secret talk) is among the famous verses of this sura. Presence in the confederates of God and staying away from the punishment of God and poverty are mentioned the merits of reciting this sura. Sura al-Mujadala is the only sura, in all verses of which the name of "Allah" is mentioned.
This sura is called Sura al-Mujadala (the Pleading) because at the beginning of it, there is a mention of the story of a woman who pleaded with the Prophet (s) about her husband who repudiated her by zihar (zihar means that a husband wrongly likens his wife to his mother and there are rulings about it in jurisprudence). Thus, this sura is called "al-Zihar" as well. Another name of this sura is "Qad Sami'-a" (Arabic: قَدْ سَمِعَ) because it begins with this phrase.
- Order and Place of Revelation
- Number of Verses and Other Attributes
Sura al-Mujadala has twenty two verses, 475 words, and 2046 letters. This sura is among mufassalat (the suras which have several short verses) and is a little less in length than a hizb. Sura al-Mujadala is at the beginning of juz' twenty eight.
A special attribute of Sura al-Mujadala is that it is the only sura, in all verses of which the name of "Allah" is mentioned.
Content of this sura can be divided to three parts:
- In the first part, it speaks of the ruling of zihar which was considered a kind of divorce and separation in the Age of Ignorance and Islam corrected it.
- In the second part of the sura, it speaks of the manners of association and socializing, including prohibition of secret talk and also ordering about providing place of sitting for those who enter a gathering later.
- In the last part of the sura, it speaks about hypocrites who claim about being [[[Muslim]], but they associate with the enemies of Islam. This part prohibits true Muslims of entering the confederates of devils and hypocrites and invites them toward the "love for God" and "hate for God" and joining the "confederates of God".
- A woman's complaint of zihar to the Prophet (s) in first verse.
- Ordering to give charity for talking secretly to the Prophet (s) and its abrogation in verses twelve and thirteen.
- Main article: al-Najwa Verse
|“||O you who have faith! When you talk secretly to the Apostle, offer a charity before your secret talk. That is better for you and purer. But if you cannot afford [to make the offering], then Allah is indeed all-forgiving, all-merciful. (12) Were you apprehensive of offering charities before your secret talks? So, as you did not do it, and Allah was clement to you, maintain the prayer and pay the zakāt, and obey Allah and His Apostle. And Allah is well aware of what you do.||”|
|— Qur'an 58:12-13|
Some famous exegetes including al-Shaykh al-Tabrisi in Majma' al-bayan wrote about the occasion of revelation of this verse and its following verses that a group of wealthy people went to the Prophet (s) and talked secretly to him [and took his time and made the poor worried]. Thus, God ordered that everyone needed to give charity to the poor before talking to the Prophet (s). Wealthy people stopped doing so, when they heard about it; so, the next verse was revealed [and criticized them and abrogated the previous rule] and gave permission for talking to the Prophet (s) to all people. Meanwhile, the only person who gave charity for talking to the Prophet (s) was Imam Ali (a).
Verses of Ruling
- Verse two: Remaining the marriage after zihar; prohibition of zihar
- Verses three and four: expiation for zihar
Merits and Benefits
In a hadith from the Prophet (s), it is mentioned that, "anyone who recites Sura al-Mujadala, will be in confederates of God." In another hadith of Imam al-Sadiq (a), "anyone who recites Sura al-Mujadala and Sura al-Hadid in his daily prayers frequently, God will not punish him in all his life and his family will not receive any harm either and will not be afflicted with poverty and misery."
|For the full text, see text:Sura al-Mujadala.|
- Khamagar, Muhammad, Sakhtar-i suraha-yi Qur'an-i karim, Mu'assisa-yi Farhangi-yi Qur'an wa 'Itrat-i Nur al-Thaqalayn, Qom: Nashra, ed.1, 1392 Sh.
- Allah has certainly heard the speech of her who pleads with you about her husband and complains to Allah. Allah hears the conversation between the two of you. Indeed Allah is all-hearing, all-seeing.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from سوره مجادله in Farsi WikiShia.