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Sura al-Mursalat

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This article is an introduction to the Sura al-Mursalat; to read its text see text:Sura al-Mursalat.
Sura al-Mursalat
al-Insan← →al-Naba'
سوره مرسلات.jpg
Sura Number 77
Juz' 29
Revelation
Revelation Number 33
Makki/Madani Makki
Information
Verse Count 50
Word Count 181
Letter Count 841

Sūra al-Mursalāt (Arabic: سورة المرسلات) is the seventy seventh sura of the Qur'an. It is Makki and located in juz' twenty nine. The word "mursalat" means "messengers" and is mentioned in the first verse of this sura.

Sura al-Mursalat emphasizes the happening of the Day of Judgement and repeatedly warns the deniers. This sura also mentions the actions and signs of wrongdoers and the God-wary and speaks about their destinies. About the merits of the recitation of this sura, it is transmitted from the Prophet (s) that whoever recites Sura al-Mursalat, it will be written in his destiny that he would not be among polytheists.


Introduction

  • Naming

This sura is named al-Mursalat (the messengers) because, at the beginning of the sura, it has been sworn upon them. Another name of this sura is al-Urf (Arabic: العُرف) which is mentioned in the first verse of this sura.[1]

  • Place and Order of Revelation

Sura al-Mursalat is a Makki sura. It was the thirty third sura revealed to the Prophet (s). it is the seventy seventh sura in the current compilation of the Quran,[2] located in juz' twenty nine.

  • Number of Verses and Other Features

Sura al-Mursalat has fifty verses, 181 words, and 841 letters. Regarding volume, this sura is among Mufassalat suras (having several short verses). In the first five verses of this sura, five different issues have been sworn upon.[3]

Content

Sura al-Mursalat greatly emphasizes on the happening of the Day of Judgement and its signs, and mentions the gifts of God to the human being and speaks about the actions and signs of wrongdoers and the God-wary and the final destinies of the two groups. This sura mentions the emphasis on the Day of Judgement together with a serious warning of the deniers of the Day of Judgement and good promises to others; however, it mostly warns the deniers; as the verse of "Woe to the deniers on that day!" is repeated ten times throughout the sura.[4]

Content of Sura al-Mursalat[5]
 
 
 
 
 
 
Serious punishment of the deniers of God's religion
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
First speech: verses 1-15
Punishment of the deniers of religion, the definite promise of God
 
Second speech: verses 16-28
Signs of the kingdom of God and His will about punishing the deniers
 
Third speech: verses 29-45
The way deniers of religion will be punished
 
Fourth speech: verses 46-50
Reasons of the punishment of the deniers of religion
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
First issue: verses 1-7
The promise of punishing the deniers of the religion is given by God
 
First sign: verses 16-19
Destruction of wrongdoers
 
First issue: verses 29-34
Punishment of the deniers with the smoke of the Hell fire
 
First reason: verses 46-47
Committing various sins and disconnecting with God
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Second issue: verses 8-15
Judgement Day, the time of punishing the deniers of religion
 
Second sign: verses 20-24
Steps of the creation of human being
 
Second issue verses 35-37:
Disallowing wrongdoers to apologize
 
Second reason: verses 48-50
Not being humble about the order of God
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Third sign: verses 25-28
Preparation of the earth for the life of human being
 
Third issue: 38-40
Inability of disbelievers to escape the punishment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fourth issue: verses 41-45
Deprivation of deniers from the blessings of the Paradise

Merits and Benefits

About the merits of the recitation of this sura, it is transmitted from the Prophet (s) that whoever recites Sura al-Mursalat, it will be written in his destiny that he would not be among polytheists.[6] Whoever recites Sura al-Mursalat, God will make familiarity between him and the Prophet (s) on the Day of Judgement.[7]

In some hadith sources, some benefits are mentioned for this sura, such as security and safety in travels,[8] victory over enemies[9] and also relieving from stomachache.[10]

Notes

  1. Khurramshāhī, Dānishnāma-yi Qurʾān, vol. 2, p. 1260.
  2. Maʿrifat, Āmūzish-i ʿulūm-i Qurʾān, vol. 2, p. 168.
  3. Khurramshāhī, Dānishnāma-yi Qurʾān, vol. 2, p. 1260.
  4. Ṭabāṭabāyī, al-Mīzān, vol. 20, p. 144.
  5. Khamagar, Muhammad, Sakhtar-i suraha-yi Qur'an-i karim, Mu'assisa-yi Farhangi-yi Qur'an wa 'Itrat-i Nur al-Thaqalayn, Qom: Nashra, ed.1, 1392 Sh.
  6. Ṭabrisī, Majmaʿ al-bayān, vol. 10, p. 227.
  7. Ṣadūq, Thawāb al-aʿmāl, p. 121.
  8. Nūrī, Mustadrak al-wasāʾil, vol. 8, p. 246.
  9. Kafʿamī, al-Miṣbāḥ, p. 459.
  10. Baḥrānī, al-Burhān fī tafsīr al-Qurʾān, vol. 5, p. 557.

References

  • Baḥrānī, Sayyid Hāshim b. Sulaymān. Al-Burhān fī tafsīr al-Qurʾān. Qom: Bunyād-i Biʿthat, 1416 AH.
  • Kafʿamī, Ibrāhīm b. ʿAlī al-. al-Miṣbāḥ. Qom: Muḥibbīn, 1423 AH.
  • Khurramshāhī, Bahāʾ al-Dīn. Dānishnāma-yi Qurʾān wa Qurʾān pazhūhī. Tehran: Dūstān-Nāhīd, 1377 Sh.
  • Maʿrifat, Muḥammad Hādī. Āmūzish-i ʿulūm-i Qurʾān. [n.p]: Markaz Chāp wa Nashr-i Sāzmān-i Tablīghāt, 1371 Sh.
  • Ṣadūq, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī al-. Thawāb al-aʿmāl wa ʿiqāb al-aʿmāl. Edited by Ṣādiq Ḥasanzāda. Tehran: Armaghān-i Ṭūbā, 1382 Sh.
  • Ṭabāṭabāyī, Mūhammad Ḥusayn al-. Al-Mīzān fī tafsīr al-Qurʾān. Second edition. Beirut: Muʾassisat al-Aʿlamī li-l-Maṭbūʿāt, 1974.
  • Ṭabrisī, Faḍl b. al-Ḥasan al-. Majmaʿ al-bayān fī tafsīr al-Qurʾān. Translated to Farsi by Bīstūnī. Mashhad: Āstān-i Quds-i Raḍawī, 1390 Sh.