|al-Hijr ← →al-Isra'|
Sura al-Naḥl (Arabic:سورة النحل) is 16th sura of the Qur'an. It is a Makki sura located in juz' 14. This sura is called "al-Nahl", because it speaks about "Nahl" ("honey bee") and God's inspiration to it. This sura speaks about the blessings of God, the hereafter and arguments for the Unity of God and His Glory. Sura al-Nahl advises about justice, kindness, immigration and jihad, and prohibits from oppression, injustice and breaking pledges. Some of the rulings mentioned in this sura are prohibition of drinking alcoholic drinks and blood and eating dead animals and the meat of pigs. It is narrated from the Prophet (s) that whoever recites sura al-Nahl, God will not reckon the blessings He gives him in this world. Also, staying safe from temptations of Satan and his armies is mentioned among the benefits of reciting this sura.
The famous name of this sura is "al-Nahl". The reason for this naming is that "Nahl" ("honey bee") is mentioned in this sura. This sura is also named as sura of Ni'am (plural form of "Ni'ma" ["blessing"]), because its main message is mentioning the blessings of God. Sura al-Nahl is a Makki sura and the 70th sura revealed to the Prophet (a). It is sura 16 in the Qur'an now, located in juz' 14.
Sura al-Nahl has 128 verses, 1851 words and 7838 letters. Regarding volume, it is middle-sized in three fourth of one juz'. It is recommended to prostrate upon recitation of verse 48 of this sura.
The content of sura al-Nahl can be summarized as below:
- A great part of sura al-Nahl discusses about God's blessings, such as rain, sunlight, different plants, fruits, foods and animals.
- Mentioning the arguments for the Unity and Glory of God, the hereafter and threatening polytheists and wrongdoers.
- Mentioning different rulings such as ordering about justice, kindness, immigration, jihad, forbidding the evil, oppression, injustice and breaking pledges. It also invites people to thankfulness and introduces Ibrahim (a) (Abraham) a thankful servant.
- Speaking about polytheist innovations and warning human being about temptations of Satan
Historical Stories and Narrations
- Claims of disbelievers about teaching the Qur'an by a non-Arab person, verse 103
- Pure religion of Ibrahim (Abraham), verses 120 – 121
- Necessity of respecting Saturdays by the Jews, verse 124
- ادْعُ إِلَىٰ سَبِيلِ رَبِّكَ بِالْحِكْمَةِ وَالْمَوْعِظَةِ الْحَسَنَةِ ۖ وَجَادِلْهُم بِالَّتِي هِيَ أَحْسَنُ... "Invite to the way of your Lord with wisdom and good advice and dispute with them in a manner that is best..."
This verse explains the way to treat objectors. By "wisdom", knowledge, logic and reasoning are meant which are rational and "good advice" refers to the words that elicit emotions. It is mentioned in this verse that advice should be good, meaning that it should be empty of harshness, seeking superiority, belittling the person or inciting the feeling of envy in people.
Verses of Ruling
Many of the verses of sura al-Nahl are considered among the verses of ruling. Verse 115 mentions three impermissible things to consume: dead animals, blood and meat of pigs. It is also said that from verses 5, 10, 14 and 66 – 69, it can be understood that honey, fishes, quadrupeds and fruits such as dates, grapes and olive are permissible to eat. Also, it is said that from other verses of this sura (91 – 94) which are about pledge and oath, it can be understood that breaking the pledge and oath is impermissible. Also, verse 106 of this sura is mentioned among proofs in the Qur'an for permissibility of taqiyya.
Merits and Benefits
It is narrated from the Prophet (s) that God will not reckon the blessings which He gives him in this world and his reward will be like the rewards of a person who passes away this world while he makes a good will. Also, it is narrated from Imam al-Baqir (a) that whoever recites sura al-Nahl every month, will not receive any harm in this world and will be away from seventy kinds of afflictions, the mildest of which would be insanity, leprosy and vitiligo, and his abode will be Eden located between other paradises. In Makarim al-akhlaq, al-Tabrisi mentioned benefits for recitation of this sura such as staying safe from temptations of Satan and his armies.
|For the full text, see text:Sura al-Nahl.|
- The material for writing this article has been mainly taken from سوره نحل in Farsi wikishia.
- Khamagar, Muhammad, Sakhtar-i suraha-yi Qur'an-i karim, Mu'assisa-yi Farhangi-yi Qur'an wa 'Itrat-i Nur al-Thaqalayn, Qom: Nashra, ed.1, 1392 Sh.