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Sura al-Qari'a

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Sura al-Qari'a
al-'Adiyat← →al-Takathur
سوره قارعه.jpg
Sura Number 101
Juz' 30
Revelation
Revelation Number 30
Makki/Madani Makki
Information
Verse Count 11
Word Count 36
Letter Count 160
This article is an introduction to the Sura al-Qari'a; to read its text see text:Sura al-Qari'a.

Sūra al-Qāriʿa (Arabic: سورة القارعة) is the 101th sura of the Qur'an. It is a Makki uras which is located in the juz' thirty. The term "al-Qari'a" is stated in the first verse which is one of the names of the Day of Resurrection and it means catastrophe.

This sura of Qur'an is about the Day of Resurrection and its incidents, it also speaks about the rewards for good deeds and the punishments for sins and evil deeds. According to narrations, if someone recite this sura, he will be rewarded in the Day of Resurrection.

Introduction

  • Naming

This sura of Qur'an is called "al-Qari'a" which is stated in the first verse[1] and it is one of the names of Qiyama (Day of Resurrection). al-Qari'a come from the term "qara'a" which means hitting something hard, and the Day of Resurrection is called al-Qari'a as it is like a catastrophe which creates sudden panic and it hits the enemies of God and punish them.[2]

  • Place and Order of Revelation

Sura al-Qari'a is a Makki sura and it is the thirtieth sura revealed to Prophet Muhammad (s), i.e. after Qur'an 106 (Sura Quraysh) and before Qur'an 75 (Sura al-Qiyama). It is the 101th sura of Qur'an,[3] located in the Juz' thirty.

  • Number of Verses and Words

Sura al-Qari'a has eleven verses, thirty six words and 160 letters. It is one of the Mufassalat suras of the Qur'an which has relatively numerous and short verses.[4]

Content

This sura of the Qur'an is generally about the Day of Resurrection and it describes its hardships and its situations. It also talks about the fate of mankind, if someone has done more good deeds, he would have a happy and eternal life and if someone has done more evil deeds and committed many sins comparing to his good deeds, he will be put in Hell in which he will suffer severely.[5]

Content of Sura al-Qari'a[6]
 
 
Valuable deeds are the touchstone of prosperity in the Hereafter
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
First topic: verses 1-5
Destruction of human and natural relationships in the Resurrection Day
 
Second topic: verses 6-11
Touchstone of prosperity in the Hereafter
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
First point: verses 1-3
Destruction of worldly order in the Resurrection Day
 
First point: verses 6-7
Wellbeing of those who have done good deeds
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Second point: verse 4
Destruction of human relationships with scattering of human
 
Second point: verses 8-11
Punishment of those who have done absurd and unworthy deeds
 
 
 
Third point: verse 5
Destruction of the order of nature with scattering of mountains

Exegesis

According to Al-Burhan fi tafsir al-Qur'an, about Sura al-Qari'a nothing is more precious deed than salawat and regards to Prophet Muhammad (s) and his family. Also according to some narrations,[7] in the verses 6-7, "As for him whose deeds weigh heavy in the scales, he will have a pleasing life" are attributed to Ali b. Abi Talib (a) or those who have accepted his wilaya (guardianship) and verse eight, "but as for him whose deeds weigh light in the scales" is about those who have rejected his wilaya.[8]

Merits and Benefits

According to a hadith by Ubayy b. Ka'b, if someone recites Sura al-Qari'a, God Himself will make the weight of his good deeds heavy in the Day of Resurrection. It is also narrated from Imam al-Baqir (a) that those who recite Sura al-Qari'a, will be safe from Dajjal, and Hell in the Day of Resurrection.[9]

Notes

  1. Makārim Shīrāzī, Barguzīda-yi tafsīr-i nimūna, vol. 5, p. 565.
  2. Ṭabāṭabāyī, al-Mīzān, vol. 20, p. 384.
  3. Maʿrifat, Āmūzish-i ʿulūm-i Qurʾān, vol. 1, p. 166.
  4. Khurramshāhī, Dānishnāma-yi Qurʾān, vol. 2, p. 1267.
  5. Khurramshāhī, Dānishnāma-yi Qurʾān, vol. 2, p. 1267.
  6. Khamagar, Muhammad, Sakhtar-i suraha-yi Qur'an-i karim, Mu'assisa-yi Farhangi-yi Qur'an wa 'Itrat-i Nur al-Thaqalayn, Qom: Nashra, ed.1, 1392 Sh.
  7. Baḥrānī, al-Burhān, vol. 5, p. 740.
  8. Baḥrānī, al-Burhān, vol. 5, p. 740.
  9. Ṭabrisī, Majmaʿ al-bayān, vol. 10, p. 806.

References

  • Baḥrānī, Sayyid Hāshim b. Sulaymān. Al-Burhān fī tafsīr al-Qurʾān. Qom: Bunyād-i Biʿthat, 1416 AH.
  • Khurramshāhī, Bahāʾ al-Dīn. Dānishnāma-yi Qurʾān wa Qurʾān pazhūhī. Tehran: Dūstān-Nāhīd, 1377 Sh.
  • Makārim Shīrāzī, Nāṣir. Barguzīda-yi tafsīr-i nimūna. Edited by Aḥmad ʿAlī Bābāyī. Tehran: Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmīyya, 1387 Sh.
  • Maʿrifat, Muḥammad Hādī. Āmūzish-i ʿulūm-i Qurʾān. [n.p]: Markaz Chāp wa Nashr-i Sāzmān-i Tablīghāt, 1371 Sh.
  • Ṭabāṭabāyī, Mūhammad Ḥusayn al-. Al-Mīzān fī tafsīr al-Qurʾān. Second edition. Beirut: Muʾassisat al-Aʿlamī li-l-Maṭbūʿāt, 1974.
  • Ṭabrisī, Faḍl b. al-Ḥasan al-. Majmaʿ al-bayān fī tafsīr al-Qurʾān. Edited by Hāshim Rasūlī & Yazdī Ṭabāṭabāyī. Third edition. Tehran: Intishārāt-i Nāṣir Khusru, 1372 Sh.