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Sura al-Qari'a

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Sura al-Qari'a
al-'Adiyat← →al-Takathur
سوره قارعه.jpg
Sura Number 101
Juz' 30
Revelation
Revelation Number 30
Makki/Madani Makki
Information
Verse Count 11
Word Count 36
Letter Count 160
This article is an introduction to the Sura al-Qari'a; to read its text see text:Sura al-Qari'a.

Sūra al-Qāriʿa (Arabic: سورة القارعة) is the 101th sura of the Quran. It is a Makki uras which is located in the juz' 30. The term "al-Qari'a" is stated in the first verse which is one of the names of the Day of Resurrection and it means catastrophe. This sura of Quran is about the Day of Resurrection and its incidents, it also speaks about the rewards for good deeds and the punishments for sins and evil deeds. According to narrations, if someone recite this sura, he/she will be rewarded in the Day of Resurrection.

Introduction

Naming

This sura of Quran is called "al-Qari'a" which is stated in the first verse and it is one of the names of Qiyama (The Resurrection Day). al-Qari'a come from the term "qara'a" which means hitting something hard, and the Resurrection Day is called al-Qari'a as it is like a catastrophe which creates sudden panic and it hits the enemies of God and punish them.

Place and Order of Revelation

Sura al-Qari'a is a Makki sura and it is the 30th sura revealed to Prophet Muhammad (s), i.e. after Qur'an 106 (Sura Quraysh) and before Qur'an 75 (Sura al-Qiyama). It is the 101th sura of Quran which is located in the Juz' 30.

Number of Verses and Words

Sura al-Qari'a has eleven verses, 36 words and 160 letters. It is one of the Mufassalat suras of the Qur'an which has relatively numerous and short verses.

Content

This sura of the Qur'an is generally about the Resurrection Day and it describes its hardships and its situations. It also talks about the fate of mankind, if someone has done more good deeds, he would have a happy and eternal life and if someone has done more evil deeds and committed many sins comparing to his good deeds, he will be put in hell in which he will suffer severely.

Content of Sura al-Qari'a[1]
 
 
Valuable deeds are the touchstone of prosperity in the Hereafter
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
First topic: verses 1-5
Destruction of human and natural relationships in the Resurrection Day
 
Second topic: verses 6-11
Touchstone of prosperity in the Hereafter
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
First point: verses 1-3
Destruction of worldly order in the Resurrection Day
 
First point: verses 6-7
Wellbeing of those who have done good deeds
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Second point: verse 4
Destruction of human relationships with scattering of human
 
Second point: verses 8-11
Punishment of those who have done absurd and unworthy deeds
 
 
 
Third point: verse 5
Destruction of the order of nature with scattering of mountains

Exegesis

According to Al-Burhan fi tafsir al-Qur'an, about Sura al-Qari'a nothing is more precious deed than salawat and regards to Prophet Muhammad (s) and his family. Also according to some narrations, in the verses 6-7, "As for him whose deeds weigh heavy in the scales, he will have a pleasing life" are attributed to 'Ali b. Abi Talib (a) or those who have accepted his wilaya (guardianship) and verse 8, "but as for him whose deeds weigh light in the scales" is about those who have rejected his wilaya.

Merits and Benefits

According to a hadith by Ubayy b. Ka'b, if someone recites Sura al-Qari'a, God Himself will make the weight of his good deeds heavy in the Resurrection Day. It is also narrated from Imam al-Baqir (a) that those who recite Sura al-Qari'a, will be safe from Dajjal, and Hell in the Resurrection Day.

Notes

  1. Khamagar, Muhammad, Sakhtar-i suraha-yi Qur'an-i karim, Mu'assisa-yi Farhangi-yi Qur'an wa 'Itrat-i Nur al-Thaqalayn, Qom: Nashra, ed.1, 1392 Sh.

References