Sūra al-Qāriʿa (Arabic: سورة القارعة) is the 101th sura of the Quran. It is a Makki uras which is located in the juz' 30. The term "al-Qari'a" is stated in the first verse which is one of the names of the Day of Resurrection and it means catastrophe. This sura of Quran is about the Day of Resurrection and its incidents, it also speaks about the rewards for good deeds and the punishments for sins and evil deeds. According to narrations, if someone recite this sura, he/she will be rewarded in the Day of Resurrection.
This sura of Quran is called "al-Qari'a" which is stated in the first verse and it is one of the names of Qiyama (The Resurrection Day). al-Qari'a come from the term "qara'a" which means hitting something hard, and the Resurrection Day is called al-Qari'a as it is like a catastrophe which creates sudden panic and it hits the enemies of God and punish them.
Place and Order of Revelation
Sura al-Qari'a is a Makki sura and it is the 30th sura revealed to Prophet Muhammad (s), i.e. after Qur'an 106 (Sura Quraysh) and before Qur'an 75 (Sura al-Qiyama). It is the 101th sura of Quran which is located in the Juz' 30.
Number of Verses and Words
Sura al-Qari'a has eleven verses, 36 words and 160 letters. It is one of the Mufassalat suras of the Qur'an which has relatively numerous and short verses.
This sura of the Qur'an is generally about the Resurrection Day and it describes its hardships and its situations. It also talks about the fate of mankind, if someone has done more good deeds, he would have a happy and eternal life and if someone has done more evil deeds and committed many sins comparing to his good deeds, he will be put in hell in which he will suffer severely.
According to Al-Burhan fi tafsir al-Qur'an, about Sura al-Qari'a nothing is more precious deed than salawat and regards to Prophet Muhammad (s) and his family. Also according to some narrations, in the verses 6-7, "As for him whose deeds weigh heavy in the scales, he will have a pleasing life" are attributed to 'Ali b. Abi Talib (a) or those who have accepted his wilaya (guardianship) and verse 8, "but as for him whose deeds weigh light in the scales" is about those who have rejected his wilaya.
Merits and Benefits
According to a hadith by Ubayy b. Ka'b, if someone recites Sura al-Qari'a, God Himself will make the weight of his good deeds heavy in the Resurrection Day. It is also narrated from Imam al-Baqir (a) that those who recite Sura al-Qari'a, will be safe from Dajjal, and Hell in the Resurrection Day.
|For the full text, see text:Sura al-Qari'a.|
- Khamagar, Muhammad, Sakhtar-i suraha-yi Qur'an-i karim, Mu'assisa-yi Farhangi-yi Qur'an wa 'Itrat-i Nur al-Thaqalayn, Qom: Nashra, ed.1, 1392 Sh.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from سوره قارعه in Farsi WikiShia.