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Sura al-Taghabun

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Sura al-Taghabun
al-Munafiqun← →al-Talaq
سوره تغابن.jpg
Sura Number 64
Juz' 28
Revelation
Revelation Number 110
Makki/Madani Madani
Information
Word Count 242
Letter Count 1091
This article is an introduction to the Sura al-Taghabun; to read its text see text:Sura al-Taghabun.

Sūra al-Taghābun (Arabic: سورة التغابن) is the 64th sura of the Qur'an. It is a Madani sura located in juz' 28. This sura is named al-Taghabun, because in verse 9 of this sura, the Judgement Day is mentioned as Yawm al-Taghabun (Day of Regret). Some of the topics discussed in this sura are the hereafter, the creation of human being and some moral instructions such as trust in God, desirability of al-qard al-hasan[Note 1] and avoiding stinginess.

Two of the famous verses of Sura al-Taghabun are the verse 15 which introduces properties and children a cause of human's trial and the verse 17 which describes giving in the way of God as giving loan to God, which God counts and rewards for it as several more times. About the merits of recitation of this sura, it is transmitted from the Prophet (s) that sudden death will be away from a person who recites Sura al-Taghabun.

Naming

This sura is named al-Taghabun because in the verse 9 of this sura, the Judgement Day is called Yawm al-Taghabun which means the "Day of Regret".[1]

Order and Place of Revelation

Sura al-Taghabun is among Madani suras. It was the 110th sura which was revealed to the prophet (s). In the current order of the Qur'an, it is the 64th sura located in juz' 28.[2]

Number of Verses and Other Features

Sura al-Taghabun has 18 verses, 242 words, and 1091 letters. Regarding volume, this sura is among Mufassalat (which have several short verses). Since this sura begins with the praise of God, it is considered among Musabbihat.[3]

Content

Topics mentioned in Sura al-Taghabun are:

  • The hereafter and the Judgement Day,
  • The creation of human being and that he has been created in the best form,
  • Some moral and social instructions such as trusting in God,
  • Desirability of giving loan and giving loan in the way of God and avoiding stinginess,
  • Not expressing sadness upon receiving a flood of afflictions and that if you suffer afflictions and calamities in the way of God and struggle in His path and give in His way, it is all the will of God.[4]
Content of Sura al-Taghabun[5]
 
 
Faith in God and following His order; the only way of human's salvation
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
First topic: verses 1-10
Fruit of believing in God and the Prophet (s) in being released from the punishment
 
Second topic: verses 11-18
Necessity of following the order of God and the Prophet (a) in life
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
First point: verses 1-7
Definitude of the punishment of disbelievers
 
First point: verses 11-13
Importance of following the order of God and the Prophet (a) in all circumstances
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Second point: verses 8-10
Believing in God and the Prophet (a), the way of being released from the punishment
 
Second point: verses 14-15
Not opposing God because of the wife and children
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Third point: verses 16-18
Necessity of following the order of God with all one's might

Famous Verses

Verse 15

In verse 14, God introduces some wives and children enemies of men and in this verse, He considers all of them the means of fitna (trial).[6] Fitna refers to calamities, troubles, afflictions, and problems people would be confronted with and are means of trial.[7] In its commentaries, it is mentioned that properties and children are among the most important means of trial;[8] because loving children and properties by human being put him in a situation he has to choose between the hereafter and the two (properties and children).[9] It is quoted from [[Imam 'Ali (a), "do not say 'O God I take refuge with You from fitna and trials'; because, anyone will be afflicted to it; so, take refuge with God from misguiding fitnas!"[10]

Verse 17

In the books of tafsir, it is mentioned that the "good loan" in this verse refers to giving in the way of God.[11] However, in Tafsir-i tasnim, "a good loan" is interpreted as any good action a person performs for the sake of God, whether it be an act of worship, financial giving or public services; thus, it includes zero-interest loan in fiqh as well. According to this commentary, to express the fact that an act of goodness is preserved by God and He even multiplies it, God uses the phrase "a good loan" as in giving a loan, the capital is preserved and returns to the owner.[12]

Merits and Benefits

It is transmitted from the Prophet (s) that if a person recites Sura al-Taghabun, sudden death will be away from him.[13] Also, it is transmitted from Imam al-Sadiq (a) that if a person recites this sura in obligatory prayers, it intercedes for him on the Judgement Day and will be a just witness which will testify in favor of the reciter before God on the Judgement Day. Also afterward, it will not leave him until it takes him into the Paradise.[14] It is transmitted from Imam al-Baqir (a) that if a person recites all Musabbihat suras, he will meet Imam of his time before he dies and if he dies, he will be together with the Prophet (s).[15]

In Tafsir al-Burhan, some benefits such as safety and repelling the enemies and also finding lost things are mentioned among the benefits of reciting this sura.[16]

Notes

  1. Rāghib al-Iṣfahānī, Mufradāt alfāẓ al-Qurʾān, under the word «ِغبن».
  2. Maʿrifat, Āmūzish-i ʿulūm-i Qurʾānī, vol. 2, p. 168.
  3. Dānishnāma-yi Qurʾān wa Qurʾān pazhūhī, vol. 2, p. 1256.
  4. Dānishnāma-yi Qurʾān wa Qurʾān pazhūhī, vol. 2, p. 1256.
  5. Khamagar, Muhammad, Sakhtar-i suraha-yi Qur'an-i karim, Mu'assisa-yi Farhangi-yi Qur'an wa 'Itrat-i Nur al-Thaqalayn, Qom: Nashra, ed.1, 1392 Sh.
  6. Makārim Shirāzī, Tafsīr-i nimūna, vol. 24, p. 206.
  7. Mahdawīyān & Naṭanzī, Nigāhī Qurʾānī bi āzmūn-i ilāhī, p. 25.
  8. Makārim Shirāzī, Tafsīr-i nimūna, vol. 24, p. 206.
  9. Ṭabāṭabāyī, al-Mīzān, vol. 19, p. 308.
  10. Nahj al-balāgha, Maxim 93.
  11. Makārim Shirāzī, Tafsīr-i nimūna, vol. 24, p. 211; Ṭabāṭabāyī, al-Mīzān, vol. 19, p. 309; Ṭabrisī, Majmaʿ al-bayān, vol. 10, p. 453.
  12. Jawādī Āmulī, Tasnīm, vol. 11, p. 582-587.
  13. Ṭabrisī, Majmaʿ al-bayān, vol. 10, p. 446.
  14. Ṣadūq, Thawāb al-aʿmāl, p. 118.
  15. Ṣadūq, Thawāb al-aʿmāl, p. 118.
  16. Baḥrānī, al-Burhān, vol. 5, p. 391.
  1. Al-qard al-hasan (القرض الحسن) is an interest-free loan in Islam on the basis of benevolence.

References

  • Baḥrānī, Sayyid Hāshim al-. Al-Burhān fī tafsīr al-Qurʾān. Tehran: Bunyād-i Biʿthat, 1416 AH.
  • Khurramshāhī. Dānishnāma-yi Qurʾān wa Qurʾān pazhūhī. Tehran: Dūstān-Nāhīd, 1377 Sh.
  • Jawādī Āmulī, ʿAbd Allāh. Tasnīm. Edited by Saʿīd Band ʿAlī. Second edition. Qom: Intishārāt-i Asrāʾ, 1387 Sh.
  • Khāmigar, Muḥammad. Sākhtār-i sūrahā-yi Qurʾān. Qom: Nashr-i Nashrā, 1392 Sh.
  • Mahdawīyān, Ḥasan & Naṭanzī, Aḥmad. Nigāhī Qurʾānī bi āzmūn-i ilāhī. Tehran: Kānūn-i Andīsha-yi Jawān, 1386 Sh.
  • Makārim Shirāzī, Nāṣir. Tafsīr-i nimūna. Tenth edition. Tehran: Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmīyya, 1371 Sh.
  • Maʿrifat, Muḥammad Hādī. Āmūzish-i ʿulūm-i Qurʾānī. Translated to Farsi by Abū Muḥammad Wakīlī. Qom: Markaz-i Chāp wa Nashr-i Sāzman-i Tablīghāt, 1371 Sh.
  • Nahj al-balāgha, Translated to Farsi by Jaʿfar Shahīdī. Tehran: Intishārāt-i ʿIlmī wa Farhangī, 1377 Sh.
  • Rāghib al-Iṣfahānī, Ḥusayn b. Muḥammad al-. Mufradāt alfāẓ al-Qurʾān. Edited by Ṣafwān ʿAdnān Dāwūdī. Beirut: Dār al-Shāmīyya, 1412 AH.
  • Ṣadūq, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī al-. Thawāb al-aʿmāl wa ʿiqāb al-aʿmāl. Edited by Ṣādiq Ḥasanzāda. Tehran: Armaghān-i Ṭūbā, 1382 Sh.
  • Ṭabāṭabāyī, Muḥammad Ḥusayn al-. Al-Mīzān fī tafsīr al-Qurʾān. Beirut: Muʾassisat al-Aʿlamī li-l-Maṭbūʿāt, 1390 AH.
  • Ṭabrisī, Faḍl b. al-Ḥasan al-. Majmaʿ al-bayān. Edited by Yazdī Ṭabaṭabāyī & Hāshim Rasūlī. Third edition. Tehran: Nāṣir Khusru, 1372 Sh.