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Sura al-Tur

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This article is an introduction to the Sura al-Tur; to read its text see text:Sura al-Tur.
Sura al-Tur
al-Dhariyat← →al-Najm
سوره طور.jpg
Sura Number 52
Juz' 27
Revelation
Revelation Number 76
Makki/Madani makki
Information
Verse Count 49
Word Count 313
Letter Count 1324

Sūra al-Ṭūr (Arabic: سورة الطور) is the fifty second sura of the Qur'an. It is a Makki sura and located in juz' twenty seven. In the first verse of this sura, it is sworn upon "al-Tur" (the Mount), and therefore this sura is called "al-Tur". It is said that "al-Tur" refers to the mountain where Prophet Moses (a) received revelations. Sura al-Tur threatens disbelievers with punishment and mentions some of its attributes. Then, it describes some of the blessings of the Paradise and admonishes the deniers of the prophethood of the Prophet (s). About the merits of the recitation of Sura al-Tur, one of the transmitted hadiths says that whoever recites it, will be away from the punishment of Hell, resides in the Paradise and will receive the good of this world and the Hereafter.

Introduction

Naming

This sura is called "al-Tur" because in its first verse, it is sworn upon "al-Tur".[1] In al-Mizan, Allama Tabataba'i wrote, "al-Tur refers to the mountain where Moses (a) received the revelation."[2]

Place and Order of Revelation

Sura al-Tur is a Makki sura (revealed in Mecca) and was seventy-sixth sura revealed to the Prophet (s). In the current order of compilation, It is fifty-second sura of the Qur'an,[3] located in juz' twenty seven.

Number of Verses and Other Features

Sura al-Ture has forty seven verses, 313 words and 1324 letters. Regarding volume, this sura is among Mufassalat suras (having several short verses) and begins with a swear.[4]

Content

According to al-Mizan, the main theme of Sura al-Tur is threatening those who fought with the truth. This sura warns disbelievers about the punishment assigned for them on the Day of Judgment and has declared it definite using some oaths. Then, it mentions some attributes of that punishment and on the opposite, it describes some of the blessings of the dwellers of the Paradise. It then admonishes the deniers of the prophethood of the Prophet (s) and those who slandered him. At the end, this sura orders the Prophet (s) to praise God.[5]

Content of Sura al-Tur[6]
 
 
 
 
Warning the deniers of the teachings of the Prophet (s) about the Day of Judegment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
First speech: verses 1-28
Coming of the Judgement Day is certain
 
Second speech: verses 29-43
Answering the opposers of the teachings of the Prophet (a) about the punishment on the Judgement Day
 
Third speech: verses 44-49
The Prophet's (s) task against the deniers of the Judgement Day
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
First issue: verses 1-10
Definiteness of the punishment on the Judgement Day
 
First answer: verses 29-31
The Prophet (s) is not a soothsayer, or mad or poet.
 
First task: verses 44-47
Leaving the punishment of disbelievers to God
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Second issue: verses 11-16
The punishment of the deniers of religion on the Judgement Day
 
Second answer: verses 32-34
Rebellion and faithlessness are the roots of denying the Prophet (a)
 
Second task: verses 48-49
Patience and servitude of God
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Third issue: verses 17-28
Reward of the God-wary on the Judgement Day
 
Third answer: verses 35-36
Creation of disbelievers is not different from others' and they will suffer from punishment.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fourth answer: verses 37-39
Disbelievers do not have any role in the appointment of the Prophet (a).
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fifth answer: verse 40
The Prophet (s) has not asked you for a reward
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sixth answer: verses 41-42
Denial of the Prophet (s) is a trick; not knowledge from the unseen
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Seventh answer: verse 43
God has no partner and people should believe in His messenger

Location of Mount al-Tur

Main article: Tur Sinai

In Tafsir al-Qummi, it is mentioned that al-Tur is the name of a mountain in the land called Sinai (or Tur Sinai). Sinai is a peninsula between Gulf of Suez and Gulf of Aqaba in the northeast of Egypt.

The book Partu'i az Qur'an cited from Farhang-i Mu'in, "the word Tur is not mentioned in the Torah or the Gospel and there was no such a name for a mountain before mentioning it by the Qur'an."

Merits and Benefits

In Majma' al-bayan, it is transmitted from the Prophet (s) that whoever recites Sura al-Tur, it is obliged upon God to keep him away from the punishment of Hell and place him in the Paradise.[7] It is also reported that the Prophet (s) recited Sura al-Tur in his maghrib prayer.[8] In other hadiths from Imam al-Baqir (a) and Imam al-Sadiq (a), it is transmitted that whoever recites Sura al-Tur, God will give him the good of this world and the Hereafter.[9]

Notes

  1. Makārim Shīrāzī, Tafsīr-i nimūna, vol. 22, p. 408.
  2. Ṭabāṭabāyī, al-Mīzān, vol. 19, p. 6.
  3. Maʿrifat, Āmūzish-i ʿulūm-i Qurʾān, vol. 2, p. 166.
  4. Khurramshāhī, Dānishnāma-yi Qurʾān, vol. 2, p. 1252.
  5. Ṭabāṭabāyī, al-Mīzān, vol. 19, p. 5-6.
  6. Khamagar, Muhammad, Sakhtar-i suraha-yi Qur'an-i karim, Mu'assisa-yi Farhangi-yi Qur'an wa 'Itrat-i Nur al-Thaqalayn, Qom: Nashra, ed.1, 1392 Sh.
  7. Ṭabrisī, Majmaʿ al-bayān, vol. 9, p. 245.
  8. Ṭabrisī, Majmaʿ al-bayān, vol. 9, p. 245.
  9. Ṣadūq, Thawāb al-aʿmāl, p. 116.

References

  • Khurramshāhī, Bahāʾ al-Dīn. Dānishnāma-yi Qurʾān wa Qurʾān pazhūhī. Tehran: Dūstān-Nāhīd, 1377 Sh.
  • Makārim Shīrāzī, Nāṣir. Tafsīr-i nimūna. Tehran: Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmīyya, 1374 Sh.
  • Maʿrifat, Muḥammad Hādī. Āmūzish-i ʿulūm-i Qurʾān. [n.p]: Markaz Chāp wa Nashr-i Sāzmān-i Tablīghāt, 1371 Sh.
  • Ṣadūq, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī al-. Thawāb al-aʿmāl wa ʿiqāb al-aʿmāl. Qom: Dār al-Sharīf al-Raḍī, 1406 AH.
  • Ṭabāṭabāyī, Mūhammad Ḥusayn al-. Al-Mīzān fī tafsīr al-Qurʾān. Fifth edition. Qom: Daftar-i Intishārāt-i Islāmī, 1417 AH.
  • Ṭabrisī, Faḍl b. al-Ḥasan al-. Majmaʿ al-bayān fī tafsīr al-Qurʾān. Edited by Hāshim Rasūlī & Yazdī Ṭabāṭabāyī. Third edition. Tehran: Intishārāt-i Nāṣir Khusru, 1372 Sh.