Sūra al-Wāqiʿa, (Arabic: سورة الواقعه) is 56th sura of the Qur'an. It is a Makki sura located in juz' 27. Al-Waqi'a is one of the names of resurrection and is mentioned in the first verse of this sura.
Sura al-Waqi'a is about the resurrection and its events. It divides people to the three groups of People of the Right Hand (Ashab al-Yamin), People of the Left Hand (Ashab al-Shimal) and the Foremost (al-Sabiqun) and speaks about the position and rewards or punishments of each group. It is mentioned in commentaries that the perfect example of the third group, the Foremost, is Imam Ali (a) who preceded others in believing in the Prophet Muhammad (s).
Many merits are mentioned for recitation of this sura, including that about whoever recites this sura, it will be written that he is not among the ignorant.
Place and Order of Revelation
Number of Verses and Words
Sura al-Waqi'a speaks about the resurrection when people will be resurrected. First, it mentions some of its events such as the changes that will happen to the earth, earthquakes and the shattering of mountains, and then it divides people to the three groups of the Foremost (Arabic: السابقون, al-Sabiqun), People of the Right Hand (Arabic: أصحاب اليمين, Ashab al-Yamin) and People of the Left Hand (Arabic: أصحاب الشمال, Ashab al-Shimal), and finally mentions the destiny of each group. Then, it brings arguments against the People of the Left Hand who deny the Lordship of God, the hereafter and the Qur'an and finally reminds about the agonies of death and coming of death.
The Foremost (al-Sabiqun)
- Main article: al-Sabiqun
Verses 7 to 10 of Sura al-Waqi'a are among famous verses of this sura about division of people to three groups on the day of resurrection. Verse 10 mentions the name of the third group twice: "wa l-Sabiqun al-Sabiqun" (And the Foremost Ones are the foremost ones). About this verse, many discussions are made between exegetes of the Qur'an. Sayyid Muhammad Husayn Tabataba'i deduced from two other verses of the Qur'an that the meaning of the first "al-Sabiqun" is "those who are the foremost in doing good" and the meaning of the second "al-Sabiqun" is "those who are the foremost in reaching the forgiveness of God", because preceding in doing good results in precedence in achieving forgiveness of God. Also, it is said that Imam Ali (a) preceded others in believing in the Prophet (s).
Merits and Benefits
For the recitation of the Sura al-Waqi'a, many merits and benefits are mentioned, including the hadith from the Prophet (s) mentioned in Majma' al-bayan that about whoever recites Sura al-Waqi'a, it will be written that he is not among the ignorants. Also, it is mentioned in hadiths that if a person recites Sura al-Waqi'a, he will never suffer from poverty. According to another hadith from Imam al-Sadiq (a), Sura al-Waqi'a is the sura of Imam Ali (a) and whoever recites it will be among his friends.
|For the full text, see text:Sura al-Waqi'a.|
- Khamagar, Muhammad, Sakhtar-i suraha-yi Qur'an-i karim, Mu'assisa-yi Farhangi-yi Qur'an wa 'Itrat-i Nur al-Thaqalayn, Qom: Nashra, ed.1, 1392 Sh.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from سوره واقعه in Farsi WikiShia.