Good article since 31 January 2018
Priority: b, Quality: b

Tasbih of Lady Fatima (a)

From WikiShia
(Redirected from Tasbih of Lady Fatima (s))
Jump to: navigation, search
Prayer
مسجد جامع خرمشهر.jpg

Tasbīḥ of Lady Fāṭīma (a) (Arabic: تسبيح الزهراء عليها السلام) is a special dhikr consisted of 34 times Allah Akbar (God is the greatest), 33 times al-Hamd li Allah (Praise be to God) and 33 times Subhan Allah (Glory be to God). According to hadiths, Prophet Muhammad (s) taught Lady Fatima al-Zahra (a) this dhikr. There are many hadiths in hadith collections about the importance of Tasbih of Lady Fatima (a) after daily compulsory prayers.

Teaching Lady Fatima (a) the Tasbih

Al-Shaykh al-Saduq narrated from Imam Ali (a) that he and Lady Fatima (a) had gone to Prophet Muhammad (s) asking him for a servant helping them with household chores. Answering their request, the Prophet (s) taught Lady Fatima (a) this Tasbih and said that it was better than a servant.[1]

Rulings and Etiquettes

Tasbih of Lady Fatima (a) has some rulings and etiquettes:

  • Observation of number and sequence: first, Allah Akbar (God is the greatest) for 34 times, then, al-Hamd li Allah (Praise be to God) for 33 times, and Subhan Allah (Glory be to God) for 33 times;
  • Presence of heart;
  • Saying the Tasbih immediately after daily prayers without doing anything else or changing the posture;
  • No gaps or pauses should interrupt the Tasbih.

Importance of Tasbih of Lady Fatima (a) in Hadiths

Numerous hadiths have been narrated in hadith sources about the importance of this tasbih including:

  1. Abu Harun al-Makfuf narrated: Imam al-Sadiq (a) told me: O, Abu Harun! The same way we order our children to pray, we order them to [recite] Tasbih of Lady Fatima (a). So persist with this Tasbih, because every servant [of God] who persist with that will not be unhappy.[2]
  2. Imam al-Baqir (a) was quoted: whoever says the Tasbih of Lady Fatima (a), then ask for forgiveness, will be forgiven. For tongue, this Tasbih is one hundred [words] but is counted as one thousand Tasbih (glorification) in the scale of deed, takes Satan away and pleases the Merciful God.[3]
  3. Imam al-Baqir (a) was quoted: Regarding praising and remembering, God has not been worshiped by anything better than Tasbih of Lady Fatima (a). If there were better act, the Apostle of God (s) would have introduced that to Lady Fatima (a).[4]
  4. It is narrated from Imam al-Sadiq (a) that, whoever glorify God 100 times after a compulsory prayer by Tasbih of Lady Fatima (a) and says "la ilaha illa Allah" once after that, will be forgiven.[5]
  5. In another hadith he (a) was quoted that: Tasbih of Lady Fatima (a), every day after every prayer, is more pleasant to God than one thousand rak'as of prayer in every day.[6]
  6. Imam al-Sadiq (a) is quoted: whoever says the Tasbih of Lady Fatima (a) after a compulsory prayer before changing his posture [of praying], God will forgive him.[7]

See Also

Notes

  1. Ṣadūq, Man lā yaḥḍurh al-faqīh, vol. 1, p. 320.
  2. Ṣadūq, Thawāb al-aʿmāl, p. 315.
  3. Ṣadūq, Thawāb al-aʿmāl, p. 315.
  4. Ḥurr al-ʿĀmilī, Wasāʾil al-Shīʿa, vol. 4, p. 1024.
  5. Ḥurr al-ʿĀmilī, Wasāʾil al-Shīʿa, vol. 4, p. 1021.
  6. Ḥurr al-ʿĀmilī, Wasāʾil al-Shīʿa, vol. 4, p. 1024.
  7. Ḥurr al-ʿĀmilī, Wasāʾil al-Shīʿa, vol. 4, p. 1022.

References

  • Ṣadūq, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī. Man lā yaḥḍurh al-faqīh. Edited by ʿAlī Akbar Ghaffārī. Second edition. Qom: Daftar-i Nashr-i Islāmī, 1413 AH.
  • Ṣadūq, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī. Thawāb al-aʿmāl wa ʿiqāb al-aʿmāl. Translated by Muḥammad Riḍā Anṣārī. Qom: Nashr-i Nasīm-i Kawthar, 1382 Sh.
  • Ḥurr al-ʿĀmilī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-. Wasāʾil al-Shīʿa. Edited by ʿAbd al-Raḥīm al-Rabbānī. Fifth edition. Beirut: Dār Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth al-ʿArabī, 1403 AH.