Priority: c, Quality: b
Without references

Tashih al-i'tiqadat (book)

From WikiShia
Jump to: navigation, search
Tashih al-i'tiqadat
Author Al-Shaykh al-Mufid
Original title تَصحیحُ الاِعتقاداتِ الاِمامیّة
Language Arabic
Series 1 vol.
Subject Imami Theology
Genre Theology
Published Qom, 1387 SH.
Publisher Markaz i Farhangi Ja'fari

Taṣḥīḥ al-i'tiqādāt al-Imāmīyya (Arabic: تَصحیحُ الاِعتقاداتِ الاِمامیّة) or Taṣḥīḥ al-i'tiqād ( تَصحیحُ الاعتقاد), known as Sharḥ i'tiqādāt al-Ṣadūq ( شَرح اعتقادات الصَدوق), is an Arabic book written by al-Shaykh al-Mufid (d. 413/1022). It is an exposition of al-Shaykh al-Saduq's book, al-'I'tiqadat. It provides arguments for or against al-Shaykh al-Saduq's beliefs in the book.

Author

Main article: al-Shaykh al-Mufid

Muhammad b. Muhammad b. Nu'man, known as al-Shaykh al-Mufid, was one of the greatest Twelver Shi'a scholars in the second half of the fourth/tenth and early fifth/eleventh century. He was a student of al-Shaykh al-Saduq. His students include al-Sayyid al-Radi, al-Sayyid al-Murtada, and al-Shaykh al-Tusi.

Structure and Contents

The book is organized in the twenty eighth chapters. Here are some of the issues discussed in the book:

  • Divine Attributes
  • Difference between jabr (predestination) and tafwid (God's delegation of the power to act to human beings).
  • Souls and spirits
  • The meaning of Arsh (Divine Throne)

Al-Shaykh al-Mufid's Objections

Here are some of al-Shaykh al-Mufid's objections to al-Shaykh al-Saduq's views:

  • With regard to the meanings of Quranic words
  • With regard to chains of transmissions of hadiths
  • With regard to appealing to hadiths
  • With regard to the manner of making an argument.

Credibility and Significance of the Book

The book, Tashih al-i'tiqad, was especially credible. It has been cited in many different books since the time of its writing. According to Agha Buzurg Tihrani, the author of al-Dhari'a, the book was cited in Allama al-Majlisi's Bihar al-anwar and al-Shaykh Abd al-Nabi al-Kazimi's Takmila.

Manuscripts

  • A manuscript in the Library of the Iranian Majlis in Tehran. It was written in 1354/1935 with the handwriting of Hasan b. Muhammad Khiyabani Tabrizi. It was written from a manuscript of 1080/1669.
  • A manuscript in the Library of Astan Quds Razavi in Mashhad. It was written in 1079/1668 with the handwriting of Mustafa Quli Husayni Qazwini.
  • Another manuscript in the Library of Astan Quds Razavi. It was written in 1042/1632 with the handwriting of Shah Muhammad b. Zayn al-Abidin.

Translation and Publication

The book, Tashih al-i'tiqad, was translated into Persian by Sayyid Ali Mudarrisi Yazdi and was published in 1371/1951.

The Arabic version of the book was published as follows:

  • By Manshurat Radi with the footnotes of Sayyid Hibat al-Din Shahristani in 1363SH/1983.
  • By the Congress for the Memorial of al-Shaykh al-Mufid in 1413/1992. It was edited by Husayn Dargahi.
  • By Ja'fari Cultural Center with the lengthy and detailed preface of Shaykh Muhammad Rida Ja'fari in 1388SH/2009.

References