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Verses of tayammum

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Verses of tayammum (Arabic:آیات التیمّم), al-saʿīd (Arabic:الصعید), al-mulāmasa (Arabic:الملامسة) or al-rukhsa (Arabic:الرخصة) refer to verses of the Qur'an 4:43 and the Qur'an 5:6. The permission for performing tayammum and some of its rulings are mentioned in these verses.

Other Names

These verses are also known by some other names including "al-sa'id", "al-mulamasa" and "al-rukhsa".

Text of Verses

Main article: Tayammum

The Qur'an has mentioned tayammum and its rulings in two verses:

وَإِن كُنتُم مَرضىٰ أَو عَلىٰ سَفَرٍ أَو جاءَ أَحَدٌ مِنكُم مِنَ الغائِطِ أَو لامَستُمُ النِّساءَ فَلَم تَجِدوا ماءً فَتَيَمَّموا صَعيدًا طَيِّبًا فَامسَحوا بِوُجوهِكُم وَأَيديكُم ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كانَ عَفُوًّا غَفورًا
But if you are sick or on a journey, or any of you has come from the toilet, or you have touched women,1 and you cannot find water, then make your ablution on clean ground and wipe a part of your faces and your hands. Indeed Allah is all-excusing, all-forgiving.
Qur'an 4:43
وَإِن كُنتُم مَرضىٰ أَو عَلىٰ سَفَرٍ أَو جاءَ أَحَدٌ مِنكُم مِنَ الغائِطِ أَو لامَستُمُ النِّساءَ فَلَم تَجِدوا ماءً فَتَيَمَّموا صَعيدًا طَيِّبًا فَامسَحوا بِوُجوهِكُم وَأَيديكُم مِنهُ ۚ ما يُريدُ اللَّهُ لِيَجعَلَ عَلَيكُم مِن حَرَجٍ وَلٰكِن يُريدُ لِيُطَهِّرَكُم وَلِيُتِمَّ نِعمَتَهُ عَلَيكُم لَعَلَّكُم تَشكُرونَ
But if you are sick, or on a journey, or any of you has come from the toilet, or you have touched women, and you cannot find water, then make tayammum with clean ground and wipe a part of your faces and your hands with it. Allah does not desire to put you to hardship, but He desires to purify you, and to complete His blessing upon you so that you may give thanks.
Qur'an 5:6

Different Views Regarding the Meaning of "al-Sa'id"

There are different opinions about whether "al-sa'id" refers to "soil" or whatever grows from the earth; and consequently, there are different fatwas about the objects, on which "tayammum" is valid. In al-Mizan, Allama Tabataba'i says that most scholars of fiqh and exegetes of the Qur'an consider "al-sa'id" referring to the outer layer of the earth, whether it be soil, rock or anything on which tayammum is valid; however, some say that "al-sa'id" only means "clean and pure soil".

References

  • The material for this article is mainly taken from آیات تیمم in Farsi WikiShia.