Tuhaf al-'uqul (book)
|Author||Ibn Shu'ba al-Harrani|
|Original title||تُحَفُ العُقول في ما جاءَ مِنَ الحِکَمِ وَ المَواعِظَ مِن آلِ الرَّسول|
|Publisher||Mu'assisa al-A'lami li l-Matbu'at|
|En. title||'Tuhaf Ul-Uqoul: The Masterpieces of the Mind'|
|En. publisher||Yasin Publications|
Tuḥaf al-ʿuqūl fī mā jāʾa min al-ḥikam wa l-mawāʿiẓ min ʾal al-rasūl (Arabic: تُحَفُ العُقول في ما جاءَ مِنَ الحِکَمِ وَ المَواعِظَ مِن آلِ الرَّسول) is a hadith book written by Ibn Shu'ba al-Harrani, the hadith scholar of 4th/10th century. The author aimed to collect hadiths transmitted from Ahl al-Bayt (a) and divine prophets concerning sermons, preaches, aphorisms, and wisdoms.
In the book, longer hadiths are cited at first, and shorter hadiths are cited at the end of each section. For the sake of brevity, the author refrained from mentioning the chains of the transmitters of hadiths.
Purpose of Writing
Ibn Shu'ba al-Harrani explains that his purpose of writing the book was to provide access to the teachings of the Holy Prophet (s) and Imams (a) on morality, spirituality, and wisdom, which had not received due attention by the past Shi'a scholars.
The book begins with the hadiths of the Prophet (s) and continues with those of Imams (a) in an orderly fashion. Some of the most important topics covered in this book are:
- The Prophet's (s) will for Imam 'Ali (a)
- The Prophet's (s) answers to the Christian Sham'un b. Lavi
- The Prophet's (s) advice to Mu'adh b. Jabal when he (s) was to send him to Yemen
- The Prophet's (s) speech in Hajjat al-Wida' (his last Hajj)
- Imam 'Ali's (a) sermon on the pure tawhid
- Imam 'Ali's (a) advice to Imam al-Hasan al-Mujtaba (a)
- Imam 'Ali's sermon al-Wasilah
- Imam 'Ali's (a) letter to Malik al-Ashtar
- Imam 'Ali's (a) talks with Kumayl b. Ziyad
- Imam al-Hasan's (a) answer to al-Hasan al-Basri
- Imam al-Hasan's (a) sermon after signing the peace treaty with Mu'awiya
- Imam al-Husayn's (a) words on enjoining the good and forbidding the evil
- Imam al-Husayn's (a) letters to the people of Kufa
- Imam Zayn al-'Abidin's (a) Risala al-huquq
- Imam al-Baqir's (a) advice to Jabir b. Yazid al-Ju'fi
- Imam al-Sadiq's (a) advice to Mu'min al-Taq
- Some hadiths from Imam al-Sadiq (a), also known as Nathr al-durar
- Imam al-Kazim's (a) advice to Hisham
- Imam al-Rida's (a) answer to Ma'mun about religious rulings
- Imam al-Rida's (a) explanation of Imamate and its position in the grand mosque of Merv
- Imam al-Jawad's (a) answer to the questions of Yahya b. Aktham
- Imam al-Hadi's (a) treatise on refutation of determinism and delegation
- Imam al-Hadi's (a) answers to the questions of Yahya b. Aktham
- Imam Hasan al-'Askari's (a) letter to Ishaq b. Isma'il Nayshaburi
At the end of each section, Ibn Shu'ba mentions some short sayings attributed to the respective Infallible (a).
Also, at the end of the book, he has added the following sections:
- God's words with Moses (a)
- God's words with Jesus (a)
- Jesus's (a) advice in the gospels
- Advice from Mufaddal b. 'Umar to Shiites
However, the problem of its hadiths lacking chains of transmitters has caused some criticisms. This is what Ibn Shu'ba himself has also addresses in his introduction to the book and mentions that he has “heard” the chains of the transmitters of most of the hadiths but avoided mentioning them for the purpose of concision and because the content of the hadiths he quotes are self-evident truths that need no verification.
Translation into English
The book has been translated into English and published under the title of Tuhaf Ul-Uqoul: The Masterpieces of the Mind.
- Ibn. Sha'ba. Tuhaf al-'uqul, p. 2-3.
- see: Shushtari, Majalis al-mu'minin, vol. 1, p 383.
- Majlisi, Bihar al-anwar, vol. 1, p. 29; Al-Bahrani, al-Hada'iq al-nadira, vol. 25, p. 180; Nuri, Mustadrak al-wasa'il, vol. 1, p. 187.
- Tawhidi, Misbah al-fiqaha, vol.1, p 5 &9; Mu'allim, Usul 'Ilm al-Rijal, pp. 274-277.
- Ziya'i, Fihris masadir, vol. 1, p. 81.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from تحف العقول in Farsi Wikishia.
- Bahrani, Yusuf b. Ahmad al-. al-Hada'iq al-nadira fi ahkam al-tahira. Qom, 1406/1985 – 1410/1989.
- Harrani, Ibn Shu'ba al-.Tuhaf al-'Uqul 'an al al-Rasul (s). Qom:'Ali Akbar Ghaffari Publication, 1404/1983.
- Majlisi, Muhammad Baqir al- Bihar al-anwar.
- Mu'allim, Muhammad 'Ali. Usul 'Ilm al-Rijal bayn al-nazariyyat wa al-tatbiq. Qom: Ayatollah Dawari's class scripts, 1416/1995.
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- Shushtari, Nurullah b. sharif al-din. Majalis al-mu'minin. Tehran, 1396/1976.
- Tawhidi, Muhammad 'Ali. Misbah al-fiqaha. Ayatollah Khoei's class scripts. Qom: 1419/1998.
- Ziya'i, 'Ali Akbar. Fihris masadir al-firaq al-Islamiyya. Beirut: 1412/1992.