Tuhfat al-za'ir (book)
|Original title||تُحْفَةُ الزّائِر|
|Publisher||Payam-i Imam Hadi (a) publication|
Tuḥfat al-zāʾir (Arabic: تُحْفَةُ الزّائِر) is a book in Persian about ziyaras of the Infallible Ones (a). Al-Allama al-Majlisi claimed that he narrated ziyaras from reliable sources. Payam-i Imam Hadi (a) publication made the research about this work and published it in 2007.
- Main article: Muhammad Baqir al-Majlisi
Muhammad Baqir b. Muhammad Taqi b. al-Maqsud 'Ali al-Majlisi known as al-'Allama al-Majlisi or the Second Majlisi (b. 1037/1627 – d. 1110/1698) is one of the most famous scholars in jurisprudence and hadith in the world of Islam. He was among the nobilities of Shi'a at the time of Safavids. He was an expert in different Islamic sciences such as exegesis, hadith, jurisprudence, usul, history, rijal, diraya, philosophy, logic, mathematics, literature, lexicon, geography, medicine, astronomy, and occult sciences.
Goal of Writing
Since the rewards for ziyara of the noble Prophet (s) and Infallible Imams (a) are mentioned in many hadiths and most of books of ziyara were written in Arabic, the author decided to write a book about the manners of ziyara reliably reported from the Infallible Ones (a) in Persian so that Persian-speaking Shi'a benefit it.
Al-Allama al-Majlisi wrote the book in the month of Safar, 1085/1674 in Persian and mentioned that he only reported those ziyaras which had reliable chains of transmission. He organized the book containing twelve chapters and one ending.
Chapters of the Book
The preface, chapters and the ending are as follows:
- Preface: journey and its manners
- First chapter: the reward for repairing the graves of the noble Prophet (s) and Imams (a), and the reward for ziyara and its manners (in two parts)
- Second chapter: merit and method of ziyara of the Prophet (s) and Lady Fatima (a) and Imams (a) buried in al-Baqi' cemetery (in eight parts)
- Third chapter: merit and method of ziyara of Imam Ali (a) (in four parts)
- Fourth chapter: merit of visiting Najaf, Kufa and its mosques and the water of Euphrates (in four parts)
- Fifth chapter: merits of ziyara of Imam al-Husayn (a) (in seven parts)
- Sixth chapter: merit of visiting Al-Ha'ir al-Husayni and Karbala and benefits of the Soil of Imam al-Husayn's (a) grave (in three parts)
- Seventh chapter: time-unspecific ziyara of Imam al-Husayn (a), its manner and supplications of its holy shrine (in six parts)
- Eighth chapter: merits and method of time-specific ziyara of Imam al-Husayn (a) and his ziyara from a distance (in five parts)
- Ninth chapter: merit and method of ziyara of Imam al-Kazim (a), Imam al-Rida (a) and Imam al-Jawad (a) (in five parts)
- Tenth chapter: merit and method of ziyara of Imam al-Hadi (a), Imam al-Askari (a) and Imam al-Mahdi (a) (in two parts)
- Eleventh chapter: Jami'a ziyaras, istighatha and the method of salawat upon the Infallible Ones (a) (in three parts)
- Twelfth chapter: Manners of ziyara by proxy and ziyara of descendants of Imams (a) and other holy shrines (in four parts)
- Ending: Manners of visiting the visitors of Imams (a)
Researches about the Book
- Translation of the book to Arabic was made by Al-Sayyid 'Abd Allah Shubbar (d. 1242/1827), the author of Tahiyyat al-za'ir and Zad al-za'irin.
- The summary of Tuhfat al-za'ir, the author of which is unknown and its manuscript with number 4801 is kept in the central library of the University of Tehran.
- Mustadrak (compensation) of Tuhfat al-za'ir, written by Mirza Husayn Nuri (d. 1320/1902). This was the last work of Muhaddith Nuri. There, he has mentioned ziyaras al-Allama al-Majlisi did not mention due to lack of authenticity, with authentic and reliable chains of transmission (together with the time-specific ziyara) and it was completed by Muhaddith Qummi (d. 1359/1940).
Ansari Qummi considered the best print of tuhfat al-za'ir printed in 1314/1896 by the efforts of Shaykh Fadl Allah Nuri, the son-in-law and nephew of Muhaddith Nuri. Another print of the book was made by Payam-i Imam Hadi publications in 2007, after its correction and research by Imam Hadi (a) Institute.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from تحفة الزائر (کتاب) in Farsi WikiShia.