Umrat al-Qaḍā' (Arabic: عُمْرَة القَضاء) was a Al-'umra al-mufrada performed by the Prophet Muhammad (s) and Muslims in 7/629. According to Hudaybiyya peace treaty, one year after the treaty, Muslims were permitted to enter Mecca for three days and perform hajj al-'umra. The Prophet (s) and Muslims seized the opportunity and visited Mecca. At the command of the Prophet (s), a number of armed people stayed outside Mecca in case Muslims were attacked by people of Mecca. In this hajj, the Prophet (s) circumambulated around the Ka'ba while he was on his camel and touched the Black Stone with his cane. The Qur'an 2:194 was revealed about this event.
Muslims moved towards Mecca in order to practice Umra in Dhu l-Qa'da of six (March 628). However, they failed to perform their hajj rituals due to oppositions by Meccan polytheists. In the end, Hudaybiyya peace treaty was made between Muslims and the polytheists. According to the treaty, Muslims were not permitted to perform hajj in the year 6/628, but the next year (7/629) they were permitted to enter Mecca for three days and practice Umra.
The Prophet (s) and many Muslims moved towards Mecca in order to practice Umra in Dhu l-Qa'da of 7 (March of 629). Since this hajj counted as the "qada'" of the last year's hajj, it came to be known as "umrat al-qada'". It is also known as "umrat al-qadiyya", "ghazwat al-qada'", "umrat al-sulh", and "umrat al-qisas".
|“||A sacred month for a sacred month, and all sanctities require retribution. So should anyone aggress against you, assail him in the manner he assailed you, and be wary of Allah, and know that Allah is with the God-wary.||”|
Departing for Mecca
At the command of the Prophet (s), all participants in Hudaybiyya peace treaty departed for Mecca again. They were also joined by other people. The number of Muslims amounted to two thousand. They took with them sixty camels as sacrifices. The Prophet (s) appointed Abu Dhar as his successor in Medina.
According to Hudaybiyya peace treaty, Muslims were permitted to enter Mecca only with a traveler's weapon. However, the Prophet (s) ordered two hundred Muslims to stay outside Mecca with horses and war weapons in case Muslims were attacked by Meccans.
Three Days in Mecca
Once Muslims entered Mecca, some noblemen left the town. However, some others stayed in the town to see the Prophet (s) and Muslims. In order to show their power to people of Mecca, the Prophet (s) and Muslims took their right hands out of the ihram clothes. The Prophet (s) circumambulated around the Ka'ba and performed Sa'y between Safa and Marwa while he was on his camel. He also touched Black Stone with his cane. After performing the practices of hajj, the Prophet (s) entered the Ka'ba and went out when Bilal was calling for the prayer on top of the Ka'ba. During the three days of his stay in Mecca, the Prophet (s) married Maymuna bt. Harith.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from عمرة القضاء in Farsi WikiShia.