Usul al-kafi (book)

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Usul al-kafi
Author Al-Kulayni
Original title أصول الكافي
Language Arabic
Subject Beliefs
Genre Hadith
English translation
En. title Al-Kafi
Translator Muhammad Sarwar

Uṣūl al-Kāfī (Arabic:أصول الكافي) is the title of the first part of the three parts of al-Kafi, a major Shiite book in hadith. In this part of al-Kafi, we can find hadiths concerning the beliefs of Shiites, the biographies of Imams (a), and how a Muslim should behave.

Usul al-kafi is the most significant source of hadiths for the Shiite beliefs. It has frequently been published as a separate book, it has been translated by several people, and numerous commentaries have been written on it.

The Author

Main article: al-Shaykh al-Kulayni

The author of Usul al-kafi is Abu Ja'far Muhammad b. Ya'qub b. Is'haq al-Kulayni al-Razi (d. 328/940) known as Thiqa al-Islam al-Kulayni. He was a scholar of hadith in the period of Minor Occultation.

The Book

Usul al-kafi is the title of the first part of the three parts of al-Kafi— a Shiite book in hadith. In this part of al-Kafi, we can find hadiths concerning the beliefs of Shiites, the biographies of Imams (a), and how a Muslim should behave. It contains 3785 hadiths.

The other two parts of al-Kafi contains hadiths concerning fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence) and ethical advice.

Since al-Kafi is the only book among al-Kutub al-Arba'a (the four major books of Shiites in hadiths) which has addressed the principles of beliefs, it has always been central for Shiites, and this is why it has been published separately. Shiite scholars have written several commentaries on it, and it has been translated into Farsi.

The Sections of Usul al-kafi

Usul al-kafi contains 8 general sections (or as al-Kulayni calls them, "kitab"s or books). Here are the titles of these sections:

  • The Section on Intellection and Ignorance (kitab al-'aql wa al-jahl),
  • The Section on the Virtues of Knowledge (Kitab Faḍl al-'ilm) in 22 subsections,
  • The Section on Monotheism (Kitab al-Tawhid) in 35 subsections,
  • The Section on Imamate (Kitab al-Hujja) in 130 subsections containing hadiths concerning the necessity of Imamate, the names of Shiite Imams, their virtues, their lives, and the arguments for their Imamate,
  • The Section on Faith and Infidelity (Kitab al-Iman wa al-Kufr) in 209 subsections,
  • The Section on Praying (Kitab al-Du'a') in 60 subsections,
  • The Section on the Virtues of the Qur'an (Kitab-u Faḍl al-Quran) in 14 subsections,
  • The Section of Companionship (Kitab al-'Ashara) in 29 subsections.

Commentaries

There are two sorts of commentaries on Usul al-kafi: some people have written commentaries on the whole al-Kafi, including Usul al-kafi, and some have only written commentaries and expositions on Usul al-kafi. Here are some well-known commentaries of the latter sort:

In addition to these commentaries on Usul al-kafi, there are some incomplete commentaries. All of these commentaries are available in the form of a multimedia software called Kulayni Software.

Translations

Usul al-kafi has been translated into English by Muhammad Sarwar [1].

Translation of al-Kafi to English, by Muhammad Sarwar

There is also a translation and commentary on the first chapter of Usul al-kafi, i.e Kitab al-'aql wa al-jahl (The Book of Intellect and Ignorance) by Islamic Texts Institute [2].

References

  • The material for this article is mainly taken from اصول کافی in Farsi WikiShia.

External links