Virtues of Imam Ali (a)
Virtues of Imam Ali (a) and his distinctive characteristics are reported in the Quran, Hadith, and historical sources. The Prophet (s) is reported to have said that the virtues of Ali (a) are innumerable. According to another hadith, retelling, writing, and listening to the virtues of Imam Ali (a) brings about forgiveness of sins.
Imam Ali's virtues are of two types: exclusive virtues and virtues shared by the other members of Ahl al-Bayt (a). The Verses Wilaya, Sale, and Almsgiving, the hadiths of Ghadir, Tayr, Manzila, his birth inside the Ka'ba, and his giving charity while he was in the ruku' of his prayer are among his exclusive virtues.
During the Umayyad rule, retelling the virtues of Imam Ali (a) was banned, and those who related them were persecuted. Moreover, Mu'awiya would encourage people to fabricate virtues for other Companions of the Prophet (s) parallel to those of Imam Ali (a).
Nevertheless, numerous virtues have been recorded in Shiite and Sunni hadith collections for Imam Ali (a). Many Shiite and Sunni scholars also composed monographs on the virtues of the Imam (a), such as Fada'il Amir al-Mu'minin (The Virtues of the Commander of the Faithful) by Ibn Hanbal, Khasa'is Amir al-Mu'minin (Exclusive Virtues of the Commander of the Faithful) by al-Nasa'i, and Umdat uyun sihah al-akhbar fi manaqib Imam al-Abrar (The Major Springs of Authentic Reports on the Virtues of the Leader of the Righteous) by Ibn Bitriq.
The virtues of Imam Ali (a) are reflected in a set of Quranic verses and hadiths and historical sources. By virtues we mean attributes and characteristics that make one superior to other people. In Shiite theological works, the virtues of Imam Ali (a) are used to demonstrate that he was the rightful successor of the Prophet (s).
The Prophet (s) is reported to have said that the virtues of Ali (a) are innumerable. Ahmad b. Hanbal also reportedly stated that the amount of virtues that have been narrated for Ali (a) have not been narrated for any other