Warram b. Abi Firas al-Hilli
|Full Name||Warram b. Abi Faris b. Hamdan al-Maliki al-Nakha'i al-Hilli|
|Religious Affiliation||Twelver Shi'a|
|Well-Known Relatives||Sayyid b. Tawus (grandson)|
|Place of Birth||Hillah|
|Burial Place||Holy Shrine of Imam 'Ali (a), Najaf|
|Professors||Sadid al-Din Mahmud b. 'Ali al-Humsi, Muhammad b. Muhammad b. Harun al-Bazzaz al-Hilli|
|Students||Sayyid b. Tawus, Ibn al-Mashhadi|
|Works||Tanbih al-khawatir wa nuzhat al-nawazir|
|Emir of army|
Abu l-Ḥusayn Warrām b. Abī Firās b. Ḥamdān al-Mālikī al-Nakhaʿī al-Ḥillī (Arabic: أبو الحسين ورٌام بن أبي فراس بن حمدان المالكي النخعي الحلي) (b. ?, d. 605/1208) was a faqih (jurisprudent) and muhaddith (hadith scholar) in the 6th/12th and early 7th/13th century. Tanbih al-khawatir wa nuzhat al-nawazir was significant work written by Warram b. Abi Firas which made him famous.
Birth, Lineage and Demise
Warram b. Abi Firas was born in Hillah, which was regarded the center of Shi'a and fiqh some centuries ago. The exact birth time of Ibn Abi Firas is unknown. A large number of biographers regarded him originally an Arab whose lineage goes back to Malik al-Ashtar. But according to researches done by Mustafa Jawad, Warram's lineage goes back to Kurdish Mawalis of Banu Ashtar who supported Mukhtar al-Thaqafi in his uprising in 66/685. Warram's ancestors were Emirs and prominent figures of their time.
Warram b. Abi Firas passed away in Muharram 2, 605/July 24th 1208 in Hillah. Hasan al-Amin in Mustadrak A'yan al-Shi'a has said that his body was moved to Kufa and was buried in the Holy Shrine of Imam 'Ali (a); but in the Kitab al-Mazar is said that he was buried in the Hilla (Hasan al-'Amin mentions this report in the footnote of his book). There is also a tomb attributed to him, in the city of Hilla in the mosque of al-Shaykh Warram.
Teachers and Students
Sadid al-Din Mahmud b. 'Ali al-Humsi was among the notable teachers of Warram b. Abi Firas. He also learned from hadith narrators and scholars including Muhammad b. Muhammad b. Harun al-Bazzaz al-Hilli. Warram has narrated hadiths from 'Ali b. Ibrahim al-'Uraydi; he mentioned al-'Uraydi's name in his work Tanbih al-khawatir wa nuzhat al-nawazir.
- Sayyid b. Tawus
- Abu 'Abd Allah Muhammad b. Ja'far al-Mashhadi, the author of al-Mazar al-kabir, has narrated hadiths from Warram. Also Al-Shahid al-Thani narrated Warram's hadiths from Abu 'Abd Allah.
- Tanbih al-khawatir wa nuzhat al-nawazir known as "Collection of Warram" which is written about sermons and ethical laws.
- Mas'ala fi al-muwasa'a wa al-mudayaqa
Scientific and Ethical Characteristics
Warram b. Abi Firas was first appointed as commander of the army which he left it after some time as he perused worship, piety and learning religious teachings. Al-Shaykh Muntajab al-Din al-Razi has mentioned Warram in his work al-Fihrist as an Emir, virtuous and faqih man whom he met in Hillah.
Ibn Tawus has mentioned Warram in a number of his works including al-Aman min akhtar al-asfar wa l-azman that he was his maternal ancestor. He mentioned that Warram made huge impact on his scientific life whose attitude and behavior made him a role model for others. Ibn Tawus also stated that Warram b. Abi Firas truly revered and loved Ahl al-Bayt (a).
- The material for this article is mainly taken from ورام بن ابی فراس حلی in Farsi WikiShi'a.