WikiShia:Featured Article/2017/20

From WikiShia
Jump to: navigation, search

Mulla Hadi Sabziwari (Arabic: ملاهادی سبزواری) (b. 1212/1797-98 - d. 1289/1873)—with the pen name "Asrar" (Mysteries or Secrets)—was a Shi'a philosopher, poet, and mystic in the Qajar era. In fact, he was the greatest Muslim philosopher of the 13th/19th century; he was born and passed away in Sabziwar. Mullla Hadi Sabziwari belongs to the fifth generation of philosophers after Mulla Sadra.

He started learning religious disciplines when he was eight years old. After studying in Mashhad and Isfahan, he returned to Mashhad and started teaching philosophy, fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence), and the exegesis of the Qur'an. He sojourned in Kerman for a while, and then returned to his birthplace, Sabziwar, and taught in the Seminary School of Fasihiyya. Sabziwari was one of the greatest commentators of the Mulla Sadra's Philosophy. His best-known work is Manzuma which is a collection of verses regarding Islamic philosophy and logic.

With regard to some problems, Sabziwari opposed to Sadra's view and adopted a different theory; for example, in God's knowledge of his own essence, the incidence (huduth) of the world of 'amr (the spiritual world), the distinction of motion with setting into motion, taking some sorts of knowledge to be substances and event necessary beings, and the belief in both physical and spiritual resurrection. He also disagrees with Ibn Sina with respect to the perception of the universals.

Sabziwari never made a living from the exchequer; he made his living from his own farm and two cows. Read more...