Day of Separation
Yawm al-Faṣl (Arabic: یَوْم الفَصْل, literally: Day of Separation) is a term in the Qur'an referring to the Day of Resurrection. Exegetes of the Qur'an maintain that the Day of Resurrection is referred to as the Day of Separation because it is on this day that the truth and falsehood will be separated.
"Fasl" literally means to cut off or separate. According to al-Mufradat, "fasl" is to separate two things from each other in a way that a distance is created there between, such as the verse 21 of Sura Saffat.
In the Qur'an
The term, "Yawm al-Fasl", is used in the Qur'an to refer to the Day of Resurrection mainly for the purpose of reprehending and threatening polytheists or deniers. According to the verse 21 of Sura al-Saffat,
|“||"This is the Day of Separation you used to deny." (Qur'an 37:21)||”|
|“||"The Day when no relation will avail a relation at all, nor will they be helped * Except those [believers] on whom Allah has mercy. Indeed, He is the Exalted in Might, the Merciful." (Qur'an 44:40)||”|
In Sura al-Mursalat, the term, "Yawm al-Fasl", has been used three times to refer to the Day of Resurrection. In verses 13 and 14, the greatness of the Day is characterized as follows:
|“||"For what Day was it postponed? * For the Day of Separation. * And what can make you know what is the Day of Separation?." (Qur'an 77:12-13-14)||”|
And in the verse 38 of Sura al-Mursalat, deniers have been threatened as follows:
|“||"Woe, that Day, to the deniers. * This is the Day of Separation; We will have assembled you and the former people."(Qur'an 77:38)||”|
And in the verse 17 of Sura al-Naba', the Day of Separation is characterized as an appointed time in which all peoples are assembled.
'Allama Tabataba'i holds that "Yawm al-Fasl" refers to the Day of Separation because, according to the verse 17 of Sura al-Hajj, it separates the creatures. And the resurrection is called "Yawm al-Fasl" because it is on this day that the truth is separated from the falsehood and pious people are separated from sinners. He takes the verse 59 of Sura Yasin, "Stand apart today, you criminals", to be evidence for his interpretation.
According to Tafsir-i Namuna, "Yawm al-Fasl" means the Day of Judgment in which God will adjudicate His servants. In this world, truths and falsehoods are intertwined, but on the Day of Resurrection, they will be separated and the secrets will be revealed.
Murtada Mutahhari interprets "Yawm al-Fasl" as follows:
- "Human beings form communities in this world on the basis of their appearances, but after the Resurrection, the reign is grounded in people's interiors and internal habits. In the afterlife, an angel-like person will not be able to communicate with evil people. Thus, there will be a separation between them. People will be resurrected with their leaders in flocks, with some of them having a leader in the hell and some others having a leader in the Heaven.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from یوم الفصل in Farsi WikiShia.