Priority: c, Quality: b

Day of Separation

From WikiShia
(Redirected from Yawm al-Fasl)
Jump to: navigation, search
ghusl for touching the dead
Funeral Procession
Ghusl of the Dead and Funeral Prayer
Shroud and Burial
Dictation (Talqin)
Burial Night (First Night in the Grave)
Prayer of Burial Night
Questions in the grave
Punishment of the Grave
Visiting Graves
Blowing of the Trumpet (Nafkh al-Sur)
Qiyama / Day of Separation
Stations of Qiyama
Heaven or Hell
Related Concepts
Afterlife Bodies
Embodiment of Actions
Record of Actions / Raqib and 'Atid
People of the Right Hand
People of the Left Hand

Yawm al-Faṣl (Arabic: یَوْم الفَصْل, literally: Day of Separation) is a term in the Qur'an referring to the Day of Resurrection. Exegetes of the Qur'an maintain that the Day of Resurrection is referred to as the Day of Separation because it is on this day that the truth and falsehood will be separated.


"Fasl" literally means to cut off or separate. According to al-Mufradat, "fasl" is to separate two things from each other in a way that a distance is created there between, such as the verse 21 of Qur'an 37.[1]

In the Qur'an

The term, "Yawm al-Fasl", is used in the Qur'an to refer to the Day of Resurrection mainly for the purpose of reprehending and threatening polytheists or deniers. According to the verse 21 of Sura al-Saffat,

and in the verse 40 of Qur'an 44, it is used to threaten the polytheists, and in its subsequent verses, the meaning of separation (fasl) is explained as follows:

In Qur'an 77, the term, "Yawm al-Fasl", has been used three times to refer to the Day of Resurrection. In verses 13 and 14, the greatness of the Day is characterized as follows:

And in the verse 38 of Sura al-Mursalat, deniers have been threatened as follows:

And in the verse 17 of Qur'an 78, the Day of Separation is characterized as an appointed time in which all peoples are assembled.


'Allama Tabataba'i holds that "Yawm al-Fasl" refers to the Day of Separation because, according to the verse 17 of Qur'an 22, it separates the creatures.[2] And the Day of Resurrection is called "Yawm al-Fasl" because it is on this day that the truth is separated from the falsehood and pious people are separated from sinners. He takes the verse 59 of Sura Yasin, "Stand apart today, you criminals", to be evidence for his interpretation.[3]

According to Tafsir-i nimuna, "Yawm al-Fasl" means the Day of Judgment in which God will adjudicate His servants. In this world, truths and falsehoods are intertwined, but on the Day of Resurrection, they will be separated and the secrets will be revealed.[4]

Morteza Motahhari interprets "Yawm al-Fasl" as follows:

"Human beings form communities in this world on the basis of their appearances, but in the Resurrection, the reign is grounded in people's interiors and internal habits. In the afterlife, an angel-like person will not be able to communicate with evil people. Thus, there will be a separation between them. People will be resurrected with their leaders in flocks, with some of them having a leader in the Hell and some others having a leader in the Heaven.[5]

See also


  1. Qarashī, Qāmūs-i Qurʾān, vol. 5, p. 180.
  2. Ṭabāṭabāyī, Tarjuma-yi al-Mīzān, vol. 20, p. 237.
  3. Ṭabāṭabāyī, al-Mīzān, vol. 17, p. 130.
  4. Makārim Shīrāzī, Tafsīr-i nimūna, vol. 19, p. 32.
  5. Motahhari, Majmūʿa-yi āthār, vol. 28, p. 283.


  • Makārim Shīrāzī, Nāṣir. Tafsīr-i nimūna. Tehran: Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmīyya, 1354 Sh.
  • Motahhari, Morteza. Majmūʿa-yi āthār. Tehran: Ṣadrā, [n.d].
  • Qarashī, ʿAlī Akbar. Qāmūs-i Qurʾān. Tehran: Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmīyya, 1371 Sh.
  • Ṭabāṭabāyī, Muḥammad Ḥusayn. Al-Mīzān fī tafsīr al-Qurʾān. Beirut: Muʾassisat al-Aʿlamī li-l-Maṭbūʿāt, 1390 AH.
  • Ṭabāṭabāyī, Muḥammad Ḥusayn. Tarjuma-yi al-Mīzān. Translated to Farsi by Mūsawī Hamidānī. Qom: Daftar-i Nashr-i Islamī, 1417 AH.