Zubala

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Zubāla (Arabic: زبالة) is an old way station on the way from Hijaz to Kufa. It is located between the station of Shuquq and that of Qa'. It was at this station that Imam al-Husayn (a), who was on his way from Mecca to Kufa, learned that his foster brother, 'Abd Allah b. Yaqtar was martyred. At this station, Imam al-Husayn (a) informed his companions of the martyrdom of Muslim b. 'Aqil, Hani b. 'Urwa, and 'Abd Allah b. Yaqtar, and withdrew their allegiance to him. Imam al-Husayn (a) reportedly delivered a speech at this station implying the unfaithfulness of the people of Kufa.

Location

The word “zubala” literally means a place that keeps water in it. The place is said to be known as Zubala Bint Mus'ar. It is an old station on the way from Hijaz to Kufa in which Banu Ghadira, a clan of the Banu Asad tribe, had several strongholds and a mosque. It is a thriving village with bazaars, located between Tha'labiyya and Waqisiyya. On the way from Mecca, the station is located before Shuquq and after Qa'. It is 24 miles away from Qa' and Shuquq.

Events

  • At this station, Imam al-Husayn (a) heard the news of 'Abd Allah b. Yaqtar being martyred.
  • At this station, the messenger of Muhammad b. Ash'ath and 'Umar b. Sa'd (who was sent, at the request of Muslim b. 'Aqil, with a letter revealing that people of Kufa broke their pledge to the Imam (a)) arrived. When Imam al-Husayn (a) read the letter, he became certain that Muslim and Hani b. 'Urwa were martyred.

Imam al-Husayn's (a) Speech

When Imam al-Husayn (a) heard in Zubala that 'Abd Allah b. Yaqtar was martyred, he took out a letter and informed his companions that Muslim b. 'Aqil, Hani b. 'Urwa, and 'Abd Allah b. Yaqtar were martyred. So he withdrew their allegiance to him and told them: “our followers humiliated us. If any of you wants to go back, they can go back; no problem! They have no obligations to me”.

After that, some people went away from right and left. According to Ibn Athir, Imam al-Husayn (a) delivered this speech in Hajiz.

References

  • The material for this article has been mainly taken from زباله in Farsi WikiShia.