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Balaghat al-nisaʿ (book)

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Balaghat al-nisaʿ (book)
Author Ibn Tayfur
Original title بلاغاتُ النّساء
Language Arabic
Subject Sayings of the prominent women of first three centuries
Publisher Sharif al-Radi

Balāghāt al-nisāʿ (Arabic: بلاغات النساء, Eloquences of Women) is a book in Arabic, written by the Sunni historian Ibn Tayfur (204/819 – 280/893), in which eloquent sayings of the women of the first three centuries of Islamic history are collected.

This book is among the sources of Bihar al-anwar and al-Ghadir. Allama al-Majlisi has quoted the sermon of Lady Fatima (a) and the sermons of other ladies of Ahl al-Bayt (a) in Kufa and Damascus from this book.

Balaghat al-nisaʿ is in fact the eleventh volume of the book al-Manthūr wa-l-manẓūm (The Prose and the Poem).

Author

Main article: Ibn Tayfur

Ahmad b. Abi Tahir al-Khurasani (204/819 – 280/893), known as Ibn Tayfur, was a Sunni historian and author. According to Khayr al-Din al-Zirkili, he was from Merv but resided in Baghdad.

About fifty works are attributed to him, including the books Tarikh Baghdad (The History of Baghdad) and al-Manthur wa l-Manzum.

Reliability and Importance

Balaghat al-nisaʿ is a part of the eleventh volume of the book al-Manthur wa l-Manzum, which is printed separately. Although the author is a Sunni, Shiite scholars have quoted some of its contents in their works. Allama al-Majlisi, for instance, has quoted the speech of Lady Fatima (a) in Medina and the speeches of other ladies of Ahl al-Bayt (a) in Kufa and Damascus from this book.

The literary aspect of this book has been a matter of interest among literati. It is also said that this book illustrates the freedom of Muslim women and their awareness of social issues.

Contents

The book contains the sayings of the women of the first three centuries of Islamic history on social and political matters. Among the women whose sayings are collected in this book are the following:

Ibn Tayfur has also collected short sayings and poems of some women in special occasions, which include their praising or defaming their husbands, the advices of mothers to daughters about marriage, and the sayings of female Bedouins.

Publication

The book Balaghat al-nisaʿ was published in 1326/1908 by Madrasa Walida ʿAbbas publications. According to A. Arnaʿut, this edition was based on a manuscript held in Dar al-Kutub al-Misriyya, handwritten by Mahmud Pasha Barudi in 1297/1879, and annotated by Sayyid Ahmad Ulfi.

A manuscript of this book, handwritten by Shaykh Shanqiti, is held in Dar al-Kutub al-Misriyya.

References