Adam b. Ishaq

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Companion of Imam (a)
Adam b. Ishaq
قبرستان شیخان قم.jpg
Exterior view with tomb of Adam b. Ishaq at left and al-Mirza al-Qummi's tomb at right (Shaykhan Cemetery)
Full Name Adam b. Ishaq b. Adam b. Abd Allah b. Sa'd al-Ash'ari al-Qummi
Companion of Imam al-Hadi (a)
Lineage Al-Ash'ari Family
Wellknown Relatives Ishaq b.Adam, Zakariyya b. Adam (his uncle),
Place(s) of Residence Qom
Burial Place Sheykhan cemetery
Students Ibrahim b. Hashim
Activities transmitter of hadith

Ādam b. Isḥāq b. Ādam b. ʿAbd Allāh b. Saʿd al-Ashʿari al-Qummī (Arabic: آدم بن اسحاق بن آدم بن عبدالله بن سعد الأشعري القمي) was among the transmitters of hadiths in third/ninth century. He was considered among the companions of Imam al-Hadi (a). Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Isa, Muhammad b. Khalid al-Barqi and Ibrahim b. Hashim transmitted hadiths from him. His grave is in Shaykhan cemetery in Qom.

Family and Lineage

Adam b. Ishaq was among famous personalities of Al-Ash'ari Family in Qom.[1] His father Ishaq b. Adam was contemporary with Imam al-Rida (a) and transmitted hadiths from him.[2] His grandfather, Adam b. 'Abd Allah was among the companions of Imam al-Sadiq (a).[3] Also, his uncle, Zakariyya b. Adam was among the transmitters of hadiths and companions of Imam al-Rida (a) and Imam al-Jawad (a).[4]

Position in Transmitting Hadiths

Adam b. Ishaq lived in second/eighth and third/ninth centuries in Qom.[5] Undoubtedly, he was contemporary with Imams of Shi'a but available historical sources have not mentioned the names of them; while, it can be claimed that he was contemporary with Imam al-Rida (a), Imam al-Jawad and Imam al-Hadi (a), because his father, Ishaq b. Adam and his pupil, Ibrahim b. Hashim were among transmitters of hadiths and companions of Imam al-Rida (a). Also, another pupil of his, Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Isa was a companion of three of Imams (a), namely Imam al-Rida (a), Imam al-Jawad (a) and Imam al-Hadi (a).

Shi'a scholars of rijal including al-Najashi, al-Shaykh al-Tusi and al-Allama al-Hilli mentioned Adam b. Ishaq a trustworthy person.[6] Also, the Sunni scholar, Ibn Hajar Asqalani, the author of Lisan al-mizan mentioned him and quoted from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Khalid al-Barqi that he introduced Adam b. Ishaq, a humble ascetic.[7]

Notes

  1. Amīn, Aʿyān al-Shīʿa, vol. 2, p. 85.
  2. Najāshī, Rijāl al-Najāshī, p. 73.
  3. Amīn, Aʿyān al-Shīʿa, vol. 2, p. 85.
  4. Ibn Dāwūd al-Ḥillī, Kitāb al-rijāl, p. 158.
  5. Amīn, Aʿyān al-Shīʿa, vol. 2, p. 85.
  6. Mamaqānī, Tanqīḥ al-maqāl fī ʿilm al-rijāl, vol. 3, p. 25.
  7. Ibn Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānī, Lisān al-mīzān, vol. 2, p. 14.

References

  • Āgā Buzurg al-Tihrānī, Muḥammad Muḥsin. Al-Dharīʿa ilā taṣānīf al-shīʿa. Qom: Ismāʿīlīyān, 1408 AH.
  • Amīn, al-Sayyid Muḥsin al-.Aʿyān al-Shīʿa. Beirut: Dār al-Maʿārif, 1406 AH.
  • Farshchīyān, Riḍā. Pishgāmān-i tashayyuʿ dar Irān hamrāh bā rūykardī tafṣīlī bi rijāl Ashʿariyān. Qom: Intishārāt-i Zāʾir, 1384 Sh.
  • Ibn Dāwūd al-Ḥillī, Ḥasan b. 'Alī. Kitāb al-rijāl. Qom: Manshūrāt al-Sharīf al-Raḍī, [n.d].
  • Ibn Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānī, Aḥmad b. ʿAlī. Lisān al-mīzān. Beirut: Maktab al-Maṭbūʿāt al-Islamīyya, 2002.
  • Khoei, Sayyid Abū l-Qāsim al-. Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth. Qom: Nashr al-Thiqāfīyya al-Islāmiyya fī l-ʿĀlam, 1372 Sh.
  • Mamaqānī, ʿAbd Allāh b. Ḥasan. Tanqīḥ al-maqāl fī ʿilm al-rijāl. Qom: Muʾassisa Āl al-Bayt, 1431 AH.
  • Najāshī, Aḥmad b. ʿAlī al-. Rijāl al-Najāshī. [n.p]. [n.d].
  • Qummī, Shaykh ʿAbbās. Muntahā l-āmāl. Qom: Muʾassisa Nashr-i Islāmī, 1422 AH.
  • Ṭūsī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-. Al-Fihrist. Edited by Muḥammad Jawād Qayyūmī. [n.p]. Muʾassisa-yi Nashr-i al-Fiqāhat, 1417 AH.