Resurrection (Arabic: معاد, Ma'ād) is one of the roots of faith in Islam and means the return of people after death into life in the day of judgment (qiyama). According to this belief, all of people will become alive in the day of judgment and their actions will be judged in the presence of God and they will be requited.
Resurrection has a great importance in Islam and nearly one third of the Qur'an is about the resurrection and subjects related to it. Believing in the resurrection has a great effect in the manner of life and causes people to do more good and avoid evil.
Resurrection could be imagined in two ways: spiritual resurrection, bodily resurrection. Bodily resurrection means a human being will be resurrected on Dooms Day with both of their body and soul. This is a belief over which all Muslims have consensus, though there are disagreements about its features and qualities.
The most important objections proposed about the subject is about the rational possibility of resurrection; some of which are: the objection of the eater and the eaten, the objection of returning the extinct, and the objection about the knowledge and the power of God. The Qur'an mentions some instances of resurrection in order to prove the possibility of resurrection. Proving the rational possibility of resurrection is possible using rational reasons, like: the reason of the creation (fitra), the reason of wisdom, the reason of justice, and the reason of mercy.
Avicenna and Peripatetic philosophers don't consider the bodily resurrection rationally provable, but according to hadith believing in it is necessary. Mulla Sadra tried to reconcile the philosophy and religious sources about the bodily resurrection, with the theory of imaginal body. Read more...