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'Umar b. al-Imam al-Hasan (a)

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Descendant of Imam
'Umar b. al-Imam al-Hasan (a)
Role Present at the Battle of Karbala
Father Imam al-Hasan (a)
Mother Umm Walad
Place(s) of Residence Medina

ʿUmar b. al-Ḥasan b. ʿAlī b. Abī Tīlib (Arabic:عمر بن‌ الحسن بن‌ علي بن ابي طالب) was the son of Imam al-Hasan (a) who attended the Battle of Karbala and he was among seized as captives.

Name and Lineage

Some reports have stated his name as 'Amr.[1] Some also stated his name among the children of Imam al-Husayn (a).[2] But it is famous that he was a child of Imam al-Hasan (a) and his mother was a umm walad (concubine).[3]

The Battle of Karbala

Some historical reports have mentioned that 'Umar b. al-Hasan was martyred in the Battle of Karbala in his young ages.[4] Some have cast doubt on his martyrdom in Karbala.[5] However, most of historians believe he was among the captives of Karbala. In Maqatil al-Talibiyyin, it is said: "The family of Imam al-Husayn (a) were seized as captives, 'Umar, Zayd, and Hasan the children of Imam al-Hasan (a) were among them."[6]

According to al-Tabari: "Yazid brought 'Umar b. al-Hasan and asked him to wrestle with his son, Khalid. 'Umar said not like this; give each of us a knife and we will fight each other. If he kills me, I will join my grandfather, Prophet Muhammad (s) and if I kill him, he will join his ancestors Mu'awiya and Abu Sufyan."[7]

Reliable and well-known historians did not mention the name of 'Umar b. al-Hasan among the Martyrs of Karbala.

Notes

  1. Ibn Ḥabbān, al-Thiqāt, vol. 2, p. 311.
  2. Ibn Shahrāshūb, Manāqib Āl Abī Ṭālib, vol. 3, p. 259.
  3. Yaʿqūbī, Tārīkh al-yaʿqūbī, vol. 2, p. 228.
  4. Khwārizmī, Maqtal al-Ḥusayn, vol. 2, p. 48.
  5. Ibn Shahrāshūb, Manāqib Āl Abī Ṭālib, vol. 3, p. 259.
  6. Abū l-Faraj al-Iṣfahānī, Maqātil al-ṭālibīyyīn, p. 119.
  7. Ṭabarī, Tārīkh al-umam wa l-mulūk, vol. 5, p. 462.

References

  • Abū l-Faraj al-Iṣfahānī, ʿAlī b. al-Ḥusayn. Maqātil al-ṭālibīyyīn. Edited by Sayyid Aḥmad Ṣaqar. Beirut: Dār al-Maʿrifa, [n.d].

Ibn Ḥabbān, Muḥammad. Kitab al-thiqāt. Edited by ʿAzīzbīg et.al. Hyderabad: [n.p], 1393 AH. Ibn Shahrāshūb, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī. Manāqib Āl Abī Ṭālib. Najaf: al-Maktaba al-Ḥaydarīyya, 1376 AH. Khwārizmī, Muḥammad b. Aḥmad. Maqtal al-Ḥusayn. Qom: Anwār al-Hudā, 1423 AH. Ṭabarī, Muḥammad b. Jarīr al-. Tārīkh al-umam wa l-mulūk. Beirut: Muʾassisat al-Aʿlamī li-l-Maṭbūʿāt, 1403 AH. Yaʿqūbī, Aḥmad b. Abī Yaʿqūb al-. Tārīkh al-yaʿqūbī. Translated to Farsi by Ibrāhīm Āyātī. Tehran: [n.p], 1362 Sh.