|Era||The middle of the 2nd/8th to the early 5th/11th centuries|
|Figures||Husayn b. Ruh al-Nawbakhti (one of the Four Deputies)|
|Scholars||Abu Sahl al-Nawbakhti, , and Hasan b. Musa al-Nawbakhti, the author of Firaq al-Shi'a.|
Nawbakhtī Family (Arabic: آل نوبخت) is a well-known Iranian, Shi'a family of prominent figures, such as astronomers, men of literature, theologians, scripters, and authors, from the middle of the 2nd/8th to the early 5th/11th centuries. Some of the best-known members of this family include Abu Sahl al-Nawbakhti, Husayn b. Ruh al-Nawbakhti (one of the Four Deputies), and Hasan b. Musa al-Nawbakhti, the author of Firaq al-Shi'a.
The Lineage of the Family
The ancestor of the family, Nawbakht, was an astronomer. His son, Abu Sahl, mentioned four of his grandfathers when he wanted to introduce himself to the caliph, al-Mansur al-'Abbasi. It seems that members of the family attributed themselves to Giw, the son of Gudarz, the mythical hero of Khudaynama and Shahnama after they were well-known by people; as the famous poet, Abu 'Ubada al-Buhturi, composed an Arabic poem in the praise of two Nawbakhti people and returned their lineage back to "Judharz" (i.e. Gudarz) and "Bib" (i.e. Giw). However, their attribution to Gudarz and Giw seems inaccurate.