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Qur'an 16:101

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Verse of Substitution
Quran Aya Tabdil.jpg
Verse's Information
Name of Verse: Al-Tabdil Verse
Sura: Qur'an 16
Verse: 101
Juz': 14
Content Information
Cause of Revelation: The substitution of a harder ruling with an easier one
Place of Revelation: Medina
Topic: Belief
about: Abrogation
Related Verses: Qur'an 2:106

Al-Tabdīl Verse, (Arabic: آیة التبدیل) or the Verse of Substitution, is verse 101 of Qur'an 16 concerning the substitution of an initial ruling in a Quranic verse with another ruling. Such substitution is called "naskh" (abrogation). The verse was revealed to the Prophet (s) when polytheists said that Muhammad was messing with his companions, since he commanded them to do one thing one day, and the next day he prohibited them from doing it and then commanded them to do something easier. They claimed that such substitutions were evidence that Muhammad did not talk on behalf of God.

Text and Translation

Occasion of Revelation

Some commands were revealed by God and were then substituted by other commands, such as commands to peace which were replaced by commands to wars after a short while. Polytheists said that Muhammad was messing with his companions, since he commanded them to do one thing one day, and the next day he prohibited them from doing it and then commanded them to do something easier. They claimed that such substitutions were evidence that Muhammad did not talk on behalf of God, and this was all a lie he fabricated. After these remarks, the verse was revealed.

Meanings of Words

  • "Baddalna" (بَدَّلْنَا) means substitution. In this verse, substitution means abrogation (naskh); that is, a ruling is revealed which was in the interest of people, but it later ceased to be in their interest, and was thus abrogated.
  • "Aya": (آیةً) this word is used to mean a remark. Here it refers to divine words or revelations.
  • "Muftar": (مُفْتَرٍ, in subject form) a person who fabricates lies.

Implication of Abrogation

The occasion of the revelation of the verse concerns the substitution of a harder ruling with an easier one. Thus, the verse is concerned with abrogation (naskh) of a ruling by another. There are two reasons why the verse implies the occurrence of abrogation:

  • The verse was revealed to reject the views of those who insulted Islam and the Prophet (s) because of abrogation. Thus, there were cases of abrogation because of which they insulted the Prophet (s).
  • The verse implies the occurrence of abrogation, because the substitution of a verse is to put aside a ruling and replace it with another ruling, which is abrogation.

References

  • The material for this article is mainly taken from آیه تبدیل in Farsi WikiShia.