"Saqi al-Kawthar" is a phrasal word composed of "saqi" and "kawthar". The phrase has not been used in the Qur'an, though the word "kawthar" is used therein. The word "saqi" means a person who supplies water or wine to others. The word used to refer to someone who poured water in bowls and gave it to others. And the word "kawthar", from the Arabic root "k-th-r" (ک-ث-ر) (abundance), means abundant good.
Some exegetes of the Qur'an take the word "kawthar" in Sura al-Kawthar to refer to the Prophet's (s) pond in the Heaven with its water whiter than milk and tastier than honey. According to Shiite and Sunni hadiths, the supplier of this pond is Imam Ali (a).
There are many poems in which Imam Ali (a) is referred to as "Saqi al-Kawthar".
- Amid Dictionary, under the word "Saqi"
- Khurramshāhī, Dānishnāmah-yi Qurʾān wa Qurʾān pazhūhī, vol. 9, p. 1269.
- Suyūṭī, al-Durr al-manthūr fī tafsīr al-maʾthūr, verse 1 of chapter Kawthar.
- Khwārizmī, al-Manāqib, vol. 1, p. 294; Ṭabarī, Dhakhāʾir al-ʿuqbā, vol. 1, p. 86.
- Ibn Yamīn, Dīwān ashʿār, p. 39-40; Ḥāfiz Shīrāzī, Dīwān, p. 743; Mawlawī, Dīwān-i Shams Tabrīzī, poem 3213, p. 1189; ʿAṭṭār Neyshābūrī, Manṭiq al-ṭayr, p. 26.
- ʿAṭṭār Neyshābūrī, Farīd al-Dīn Muḥammad. Manṭiq al-ṭayr. Edited by Sayyid Sādiq Guharīn. Tehran: Bungāh-i Tarjuma wa Nashr-i Kitāb, 1356 Sh.
- ʿAmīd, Ḥasan. Farhang-i lughāt-i ʿAmīd. Edited by Farhād Qurbānzāda. 1st edition. Publisher: Ashjaʿ, 1389 Sh.
- Dīwan-i Khawja Shams al-Dīn Muḥammad Ḥāfiz Shīrāzī. Edited by Muḥammad Riḍā Jalālī Naʾīnī and Nadhīr Aḥmad. Tehran: Amīr Kabīr, 1361 Sh.
- Khurramshāhī, Bahāʾ al-Dīn. Dānishnāmah-yi Qurʾān wa Qurʾān pazhūhī. Entry Al-Batul. Tehran: Dūstān wa Nāhīd, 1377 Sh.
- Khwārizmī, Muwaffaq b. Aḥmad al-. Al-Manāqib. Edited by Mālik Mahmūdī. Qom: 1414 AH.
- Suyūṭī, ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. Abī Bakr al-. Al-Durr al-manthūr fī tafsīr al-maʾthūr. Edited by Najdat Najīb. Beirut: 1421 AH/2001.
- Ṭabarī, Aḥmad b. ʿAbd Allāh. Dhakhāʾir al-ʿuqbā fī manāqib dhawi al-qurbā. Cairo: 1356. Beirut: lithography, [n.d].