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Saqi l-Kawthar

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Sāqī l-Kawthar (Arabic: ساقي الكوثر) is one of Imam Ali's (a) titles meaning a person who supplies water to others from the Kawthar Pond.

"Saqi al-Kawthar" is a phrasal word composed of "saqi" and "kawthar". The phrase has not been used in the Qur'an, though the word "kawthar" is used therein. The word "saqi" means a person who supplies water or wine to others.[1] The word used to refer to someone who poured water in bowls and gave it to others. And the word "kawthar", from the Arabic root "k-th-r" (ک-ث-ر) (abundance), means abundant good.[2]

Some exegetes of the Qur'an take the word "kawthar" in Sura al-Kawthar to refer to the Prophet's (s) pond in the Heaven with its water whiter than milk and tastier than honey.[3] According to Shiite and Sunni hadiths, the supplier of this pond is Imam Ali (a).[4]

There are many poems in which Imam Ali (a) is referred to as "Saqi al-Kawthar".[5]

Notes

  1. Amid Dictionary, under the word "Saqi"
  2. Khurramshāhī, Dānishnāmah-yi Qurʾān wa Qurʾān pazhūhī, vol. 9, p. 1269.
  3. Suyūṭī, al-Durr al-manthūr fī tafsīr al-maʾthūr, verse 1 of chapter Kawthar.
  4. Khwārizmī, al-Manāqib, vol. 1, p. 294; Ṭabarī, Dhakhāʾir al-ʿuqbā, vol. 1, p. 86.
  5. Ibn Yamīn, Dīwān ashʿār, p. 39-40; Ḥāfiz Shīrāzī, Dīwān, p. 743; Mawlawī, Dīwān-i Shams Tabrīzī, poem 3213, p. 1189; ʿAṭṭār Neyshābūrī, Manṭiq al-ṭayr, p. 26.

References

  • ʿAṭṭār Neyshābūrī, Farīd al-Dīn Muḥammad. Manṭiq al-ṭayr. Edited by Sayyid Sādiq Guharīn. Tehran: Bungāh-i Tarjuma wa Nashr-i Kitāb, 1356 Sh.
  • ʿAmīd, Ḥasan. Farhang-i lughāt-i ʿAmīd. Edited by Farhād Qurbānzāda. 1st edition. Publisher: Ashjaʿ, 1389 Sh.
  • Dīwan-i Khawja Shams al-Dīn Muḥammad Ḥāfiz Shīrāzī. Edited by Muḥammad Riḍā Jalālī Naʾīnī and Nadhīr Aḥmad. Tehran: Amīr Kabīr, 1361 Sh.
  • Khurramshāhī, Bahāʾ al-Dīn. Dānishnāmah-yi Qurʾān wa Qurʾān pazhūhī. Entry Al-Batul. Tehran: Dūstān wa Nāhīd, 1377 Sh.
  • Khwārizmī, Muwaffaq b. Aḥmad al-. Al-Manāqib. Edited by Mālik Mahmūdī. Qom: 1414 AH.
  • Suyūṭī, ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. Abī Bakr al-. Al-Durr al-manthūr fī tafsīr al-maʾthūr. Edited by Najdat Najīb. Beirut: 1421 AH/2001.
  • Ṭabarī, Aḥmad b. ʿAbd Allāh. Dhakhāʾir al-ʿuqbā fī manāqib dhawi al-qurbā. Cairo: 1356. Beirut: lithography, [n.d].