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An online encyclopedia of the school of Ahl al-Bayt (a), affiliated with the Ahl al-Bayt World Assembly.
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The Battle of Karbala or Battle of 'Ashura in which Imam al-Husayn's (a) fought against an army from Kufa on Muharram 10, 61/October 10, 680 who were mercenary soldiers of Yazid b. Mu'awiya, the second Umayyad caliph. The Battle of Karbala is the most sorrowful incident in the history of Islam, especially for the Shiites. hence they hold huge mourning ceremonies every year during the first (10) days of Muharram.

The movement of Imam al-Husayn (a) began from Medina towards Mecca after the death of Mu'awiya on the first days of Rajab 60/679; and it was the first action of Imam al-Husayn (a) to refrain from giving allegiance to Yazid b. Mu'awiya. On this journey, the family of Imam (a), some of Banu Hashim and some Shi'a accompanied him.

Imam al-Husayn (a) stayed in Mecca for about four months until Dhu l-Hijja 8/September 12. During his staying in Mecca, he (a) received invitation letters sent by the people of Kufa. Since the possibility of being killed in Mecca by the agents of Yazid and invitations by the people of Kufa, Imam (a) moved towards this city; however, before arriving in Kufa, he (a) was informed that the people of Kufa had broken their promise to support him and that Muslim b. 'Aqil, who was sent by Imam al-Husayn (a) to Kufa to investigate the situation- had been martyred . After Hurr b. Yazid al-Riyahi blocked the way of Imam (a), he (a) went toward Karbala and there he (a) encountered the army of 'Umar b. Sa'd who was appointed by 'Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad as the commander of the army.

Two armies confronted on 10th of Muharram best known as the Day of 'Ashura'. On this battle, Imam al-Husayn (a), his brother, 'Abbas b. 'Ali (a), the former's son, 'Ali Asghar, 17 members of Banu Hashim clan, along with more than fifty companions of Imam al-Husayn (a) were martyred. Some maqtal writers have mentioned Shimr b. Dhi l-Jawshan as the murderer of Imam al-Husayn (a). A group of soldiers from the army of 'Umar b. Sa'd ran over the bodies of martyrs with their horses. In the evening, this army attacked the tents of the families of the martyrs and set them on fire. This night is called "Sham-i Ghariban" in persian. Imam al-Sajjad (a) was not involved in the fight due to his sickness, so survived. He was captured by the army of Yazid along with Lady Zaynab (a) and other women and children. The army lifted the heads of the martyrs onto spears and took thems along with the captives to 'Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad in Kufa and from there to Yazid in Damascus.Read more...

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تابلوی عصر عاشورا.jpg

"The Evening of 'Ashura" painted by Mahmud Farshchiyan, Iranian artist

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Upcoming anniversaries

Today, Monday: Muharram 10, 1444/August 8, 2022

Tomorrow, Tuesday: Muharram 11/August 9

Wednesday: Muharram 12/August 10

Thursday: Muharram 13/August 11



Sunday: Muharram 16/August 14


Tuesday: Muharram 18/August 16

Wednesday: Muharram 19/August 17

Historical anniversaries of Muharram

List of historical anniversaries