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An online encyclopedia of the school of Ahl al-Bayt (a), affiliated with the Ahl al-Bayt World Assembly.
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Fāṭima (a) commonly known as Fāṭima al-Zahrā (a) فاطِمَة الزهراء) (d. 11/632) was the daughter of Prophet Muhammad (s) and Lady Khadija (a) and the wife of Imam Ali (a). She is one of the People of the Cloak and, in Twelver Shiite belief, one of the Fourteen Infallibles. The second and third Imams, as well as Lady Zaynab (a), were her children. Al-Zahra', al-Batul, Sayyidat Nisa' al-'Alamin and Umm Abiha are among her epithets. She was the only lady chosen by the Prophet (s) to be part of the Mubahala with the Christians of Najran.

She opposed the decisions made during the event of Saqifa and regarded the caliphate of the first caliph as illegitimate, therefore, she never paid allegiance to him. In defense of Imam Ali's right (a) to the caliphate and objecting to the Usurpation of Fadak, she delivered a speech that became famous as the al-Fadakiyya sermon. After the demise of the Prophet (s), Fatima (a) was injured when an armed group of zealots, at the order of the first caliph, Abu Bakr, stormed her house. As a result of suffering from both emotional and physical wounds that had debilitated her body, she was advised to rest at home. However, after a short time, she passed away on the Jumada II 3, 11/August 26, 632 in Medina. The body of the Prophet's (s) daughter was, as she had requested, buried at night and in private. Since then, the location of her grave has not been revealed.

Some Qur'anic verses, such as al-Tathir Verse (the Purification Verse), al-Mawadda Verse (the Love Verse) and al-It'am Verse (the Feeding Verse), and many traditions, such as "Fatima is a part of me", were stated in relation to Lady Fatima (a) and her virtues. According to some of these traditions, the Prophet (s) introduced Lady Fatima (a) as the most superior of the women of all Worlds and equated her anger with that of Allah. It was to her that the Prophet (s) taught the dhikr (litany) that came to be known as the Tasbih of Lady Fatima (a).

After the demise of the Prophet (s), an angel would visit her and talk to her. The sayings of the angel were recorded by Imam Ali (a) in a book called the Mushaf of Fatima (a), which is currently in the possession of the last Imam, Imam al-Mahdi (a). Read more...

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The birthplace of the Prophet (s) is the only historical place remaining in the Shi'b Abi Talib. The building is now used as a library.

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Upcoming anniversaries

Today, Saturday: Jumada II 19, 1443/January 22, 2022

Historical anniversaries of Jumada al-thani
List of historical anniversaries

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