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Battle of Buhran

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Battle of Buhran
Map of Battle of buhran.jpg
Date beginning of Rabi' II, or 6th of Jumada I or Jumada II, 3/624
Location Buhran, or Bahran, a region in Wadi l-Fur' in Hijaz between Medina and Mecca
Coordination about 200 km south of Medina
Result Banu Sulaym scattered around and the Prophet (s) returned without any military combat
Belligerents
Muslims, with an army of 300 soldiers a large number of Banu Sulaym tribe
Commanders
the Prophet (s)

The Battle of Buḥrān (Arabic:غزوة بحران), or Baḥrān, was a Ghazwa of Prophet Muhammad (s) which took place in Buhran, or Bahran. It is located in a region called Wadi l-Fur' in Hijaz between Medina and Mecca. No military clash took place in Buhran. It is also called the Battle of al-Fur' and the Battle of Bani Sulaym.

Location

The Battle of Buhran took place in Wadi l-Fur' in Hijaz in a rejoin between Mecca and Medina. According to Ibn Ishaq, Buhran was a mine in Hijaz which belonged to al-Hajjaj b. 'Alat al-Bihzi.

Reasons behind the Battle

In 3/624, Prophet Muhammad (s) was informed that a large number of Banu Sulaym tribe's members were planning a conspiracy in Buhran. Then Prophet (s) appointed Ibn Umm Maktum as his deputy in Medina and set out for Buhran with three hundred of his soldiers. However Banu Sulaym scattered around and Prophet Muhammad (s) returned to the city without any military combat.

Date of Ghazwa

Some sources stated that the Battle of Buhran took place in the beginning of Rabi' II while some sources stated that it took place on the 6th of Jumada I or Jumada II. Prophet Muhammad (s) was out of Medina for ten or eleven days to deal with the issue.

The Battle of Buhran took place a while before the Battle of Uhud. It is among the eleven ghazwas which no military combat took place. It is also called the Battle of al-Fur' and the ‌Battle of Bani Sulaym.

References