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Disjunctive obligation

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Disjunctive obligation or al-wājib al-takhyīrī (Arabic: الواجِب التَخْییری) is a type of obligation in which the accountable person (mukallaf) can choose from among a number of actions to do, such as the expiation for fasting. It is contrasted to the non-disjunctive obligation (al-wajib al-ta'yini). Obligations in Islam are mainly non-disjunctive. Disjunctive obligations are usually concerned with rulings related to expiations and punishments.

Technical Definition

In sources of usul al-fiqh, an obligation is of two types with respect to its object:

  • If the object of the obligation is specific and irreplaceable, such as the prayer, it counts as "al-wajib al-ta'yini" (non-disjunctive obligation).
  • And if the object of the obligation is one of a number of things among which the accountable person can choose, it counts as "al-wajib al-takhyiri" (disjunctive obligation), such as the expiation of the fast for which one can choose between the emancipation of a slave, two months of fasting, or feeding 60 people in need.

Some Disjunctive Obligations

Obligations are mainly non-disjunctive. Here are some disjunctive obligations:

See Also

References