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Al-Masjid al-Haram

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Al-Masjid al-Haram
Location Mecca, Arabia
Established At the time of Ibrahim (a)
Administration Saudi Arabian government
Architectural information
Capacity 1,000,000 worshiper
Area 88,000 square meter
Minaret(s) 9
Renovation In different periods
Current Status Active
Features First Masjid in Islam, The Qibla of Muslims, A place of Hajj ritual.

Al-Masjid al-Ḥarām (Arabic: المسجد الحرام) is the best-known and the most sacred mosque in the Islamic world, located in Mecca in Arabia in which the Ka'ba, the qibla of Muslims, is located. In addition to the Ka'ba, there are other sacred buildings, objects, and places inside al-Masjid al-Haram, such as the Black Stone (al-Hajar al-Aswad), al-Multazam, al-Mustajar, al-Hatim, and Hijr Isma'il all of which are of a high religious and spiritual place for Muslims.

In Islamic jurisprudence, al-Masjid al-Haram is subject to some special laws in addition to the general laws of shari'a applied to mosques. In Islam, it is obligatory for every Muslim to travel to Mecca (for hajj) at least once in his or her lifetime if he or she is capable of doing so (istita'a). There are some rituals of hajj that should be done inside al-Masjid al-Haram.