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Salih (a)

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Coordinates: 32°00′00″N 44°18′59″E / 32.000135°N 44.316457°E / 32.000135; 44.316457

Salih (a)
Grave of HUD & SALEH .jpg
Grave of prophets Hud and Salih (a) in Wadi l-Salam
Name in
the Qur'an:
Salih
Burial place: Wadi l-Salam cemetery
Name of People: Thamud
Well known
Relatives:
Sam b. Noah (father)
Miracle(s): She-Camel of Salih (a)
Repeat in
the Qur'an:
9 times

Ṣāliḥ (Arabic: صالح) was son of Sam b. Noah (a) and the prophet of the people of Thamud. The Qur'an mentioned him after prophets Noah (a) and Hud. Salih (a) was the third Arab prophet whose name is mentioned in different suras of the Qur'an; while, there is no mention of him in the Torah. Salih (a) lived 280 years and his grave is in Wadi l-Salam cemetery in Najaf, Iraq. Based on the report of historical sources, Salih (a) was chosen as a prophet at the age of 16 and invited his people to monotheism until the age of 120, but they did not care about his invitation and killed his she-camel (he had drawn out from inside the mountain).

Life

Salih (a) was among Arab prophets, son of Sam b. Noah (a), and the third prophet who invited people to monotheism.[1] He was the prophet of the people of Thamud.[2] They lived in the north of Medina and worshiped idols before Salih (a).[3]

In the Qur'an, the name of Salih (a) is mentioned 9 times in Quran 7, Quran 11 and some other suras after prophets Noah (a) and Hud (a).[4] However, there is no mention of him in the Torah.[5]

Salih (a) lived 280 years and his grave is in Wadi l-Salam cemetery in Najaf, Iraq.[6]

People of Thamud

Main article: Thamud

Salih (a) was chosen for prophethood at the age of 16. It is reported that he invited his people to monotheism until the age of 120, but they did not care about his invitation. Salih (a) told them, "I only ask one thing from your gods and you too can have one request from my God, so that the truth would be revealed." Salih (a) mentioned his request from the idols but received no answer. The idol-worshippers told Salih (a), "ask your God to draw a camel from inside the mountain", and it happened. The Qur'an introduced Salih (a) as the prophet of Thamud who received punishment because of their disobedience of God.[7] People of Thamud were after the people of 'Ad and from the Arabs of Yemen.[8] Based on some commentaries of the Qur'an, the people of Thamud had made 70 idols for worshiping.[9]

She-Camel

She-Camel of prophet Salih (a) was the miracle of prophet Salih (a). The camel miraculously came out of the middle of a mountain as disbelievers requested. Salih (a) dedicated the water of the stream in their region to the camel on alternate days and people could use its milk,[10] also they were prohibited from hurting the camel. However after a while the camel was killed by some people and other people appreciated the action. As a result, God punished the people of Thamud and eliminated all the disbelievers.[11]

Notes

  1. Quṭb al-Dīn al-Rāwandī, Qiṣaṣ al-anbīyāʾ, p. 279.
  2. Qurʾān, 7:73-74.
  3. Būturābī, "Ṣāliḥ", p. 253.
  4. Būturābī, "Ṣāliḥ", p. 254.
  5. Ṭabāṭabāyī, al-Mīzān, vol. 10, p. 318.
  6. Būturābī, "Ṣāliḥ", p. 254.
  7. Qurʾān, 11:61, 67.
  8. Ṭabāṭabāyī, al-Mīzān, vol. 10, p. 318.
  9. Fayḍ Kāshānī, Tafsīr al-Ṣāfī, vol. 2, p. 213.
  10. Ṭūsī, al-Tibyān, vol. 9, p. 454.
  11. Jazāʾirī, Dāstān-i payāmbarān, p. 173.

References

  • Būturābī, Khadīja. 1390 Sh. "Ṣāliḥ." Dāʾirat al-Maʿārif Tashayyuʿ 10:253-254.
  • Fayḍ al-Kāshānī, Muḥsin al-. Tafsīr al-Ṣāfī. Qom: al-Hādī, 1416 AH.
  • Jazāʾirī, Niʿmat Allāh. Dāstān-i payāmbarān. Tehran: Intishārāt-i Hād, 1380 Sh.
  • Quṭb al-Dīn al-Rāwandī, Saʿīd b. Hibat Allāh. Qiṣaṣ al-anbīyāʾ. Edited by ʿAbd al-Ḥalīm Ḥillī. Qom: Maktabat al-ʿAllāma al-Majlisī, [n.d].
  • Ṭabāṭabāyī, Sayyid Muḥammad Ḥusayn. Al-Mīzān fī tafsīr al-Qurʾān. Fifth edition. Qom: Ismāʿīlīyān, 1412 AH.
  • Ṭabrisī, Faḍl b. al-Ḥasan al-. Majmaʿ al-bayān. Beirut: Aʿlamī, 1415 AH.
  • Ṭūsī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-. Al-Tibyān fī tafsīr al-Qurʾān. Beirut: Dār Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth al-ʿArabī, [n.d].