Sūra Ibrāhīm (Arabic: سورة إبراهیم) is the 14th sura of the Qur'an in the traditional order and the 72nd sura in the chronological order of revelation. It has 52 verses, and located in the 13th juz' of the Quran. It is a Makki sura of the Qur'an. It was called "Ibrahim" because it involves the stories and supplications of the prophet Ibrahim (a).The main topic of sura Ibrahim (a) is description of the Day of Judgment, story of Prophet Ibrahim (a) and building Ka'ba by him. In this sura, the stories of prophet Musa (a) and Banu Isra'il, prophet Nuh (a) and people of 'Ad and Thamud are mentioned.
Verse 7 of sura Ibrahim is among famous verses of this sura mentioning that showing gratitude for blessings of God results in their increase and showing ingratitude about them leads to divine punishment. It is mentioned in hadiths that whoever recites sura Ibrahim and al-Hijr in the two rak'as of the Friday prayer, will be saved from poverty, insanity and afflictions.
This sura is called Ibrahim because it deals with the story of prophet Ibrahim (a).
Place and order of revelation
Sura Ibrahim is the 14th sura of the Qur'an and located in juz' 13th. It is 70th sura revealed to the Prophet (s). It was revealed in Mecca, except for its 28th and 29th verses which were, according to many exegetes of the Quran, revealed in Medina with regard to polytheists who were killed in the Battle of Badr.
Number of Verses and Other Features
Sura Ibrahim contains 52 verses, 833 words, and 3541 letters. As to its size, the sura counts as a Mathani sura, occupying almost more than one hizb of the Qur'an. It is also one of the suras that begin with Muqatta'at (disjoined letters).
The main topic of sura Ibrahim (a) is description of the Day of Judgment, story of prophet Ibrahim (a) and building Ka'ba by him. In this sura, it is mentioned that Islam is the same religion of prophet Ibrahim (a). Other issues mentioned in this sura are: unity of all divine religions, mentioning the blessings of God, results of the gratitude for blessings and showing ingratitude for them and the destiny of the grateful ones and deniers. In some verses of this sura, it is mentioned that in the hereafter, Satan tells people, "do not criticize me for you are oppressors and deserve criticism."
Verse 7: "If you are grateful, I will surely enhance you [in blessing], but if you are ungrateful, My punishment is indeed severe." According to a hadith from Imam al-Sadiq (a), "Shukr" (thanking God) consists in avoiding the sins, and "itmam al-shukr" (accomplishing the thanks) consists in reciting, "al-hamd lillah rabb al-'alamin" (praise be to God, the Lord of the worlds).
Historical Stories and Narrations
- Prophet Musa (a) address to Banu Isra'il about being released of Pharaoh's oppression and expressing gratitude to God (Verses 6-8)
- The story of the people of prophet Nuh (a), 'Ad and Thamud and the Prophets' conversations with them (Verses 9-15)
- Prophet Ibrahim's (a) supplication about making Mecca secure and keeping his progeny away from polytheism and his gratitude for giving him prophets Isma'il (a) and Ishaq (a) (Isaac) in his old ages (verses 35-41)
Sura Ibrahim begins with the role of the Qur'an in taking people out of the darkness of polytheism to the lights of monotheism and ends with the role of the Qur'an in warning people and calling them to monotheism. It consists of some beliefs, advice, stories of earlier people, the purpose of sending the prophets and the revelation of Holy Books. Some verses of this Quranic suras are concerned with the story of the prophet, Ibrahim (a), and his supplications. It is also concerned with the history of earlier prophets, such as Nuh (a), Moses (a), and the people of 'Ad and Thamud.
Some merits are cited for the recitation of Sura Ibrahim. For example, if someone recites Sura Ibrahim and Sura al-Hijr in two rak'as of prayers on Friday, he will be immune to poverty, madness, and catastrophes.
|For the full text, see text:Sura Ibrahim.|
- Khamagar, Muhammad, Sakhtar-i suraha-yi Qur'an-i karim, Mu'assisa-yi Farhangi-yi Qur'an wa 'Itrat-i Nur al-Thaqalayn, Qom: Nashra, ed.1, 1392 Sh.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from سوره ابراهیم in Farsi WikiShia.