|Sura al-Tin← →Sura al-Duha|
Sura al-Sharḥ (Arabic: سورة الشرح) or Inshiraḥ (إِنشراح) or Alam nashraḥ (اَلَم نَشرَح) is the 94th sura of the Qur'an. It is a Makki sura located in juz' 30. All three names of the sura are adopted from the first verse of the sura which speaks about the openness and comfort of the heart of the Prophet (s). Sura al-Inshirah mentions the blessings of God for His messenger and calms the Prophet (s). One of the famous verses of this sura is verse 5 which promises that ease accompanies hardship. It is mentioned in the rulings that in obligatory prayers, it is not allowed to recite Sura al-Inshirah alone after Sura al-Fatiha (Qur'an 2) and it should accompany Sura al-Duha (Quran 93). About the merits of recitation of Sura al-Sharh, it is narrated from the Prophet (s) that whoever recites Sura al-Inshirah is like a person who met the Prophet (s).
The name of this sura is "al-Sharh", "al-Inshirah" or "Alam nashrah" the three of which are adopted from the first verse of the sura. The cause of this naming is that the first verse of the sura speaks about Sharh sadr (openness/comfort of the heart) of the Prophet (s) by the light of faith.
Order and Place of Revelation
Number of Verses and Order
Sura al-Sharh has 8 verses, 27 words and 102 letters. Regarding volume, this sura is among Mufassalat suras (having several short verses).
In Sura al-Sharh, God calmed the Prophet (s) by reminding him about His blessings including opening the Prophet's (s) heart, relieving him of his burden and exalting his name and says that indeed ease accompanies hardship. The same way God mentions His blessings upon the Prophet (s) in Qur'an 93, in this sura too, mentions other divine mercies and blessings upon the Prophet (s) the most important of which is opening the heart of the Prophet (s). In fact, Sura al-Inshirah comes after Sura al-Ḍuha.
In the commentary of this verse, it is mentioned that the content of this verse is not about the Prophet (s) and his time; but, it is a general rule that gives good news of ease and relief to faithful people. A point in this verse is that the Qur'an says that at the same time there is hardship, there is ease, not that it comes after hardship.
Recitation in Prayer
It is mentioned in rulings that Sura al-Inshirah alone cannot be recited after Sura al-Fatiha and it is not enough and needs to be recited together with Sura al-Ḍuha. According to Fadil al-Naraqi, the famous opinion of fiqh scholars is the recitation of the two suras together.
Merits and Benefits
About the merits of this sura, it is narrated from the Prophet (s) that, whoever recites Sura al-Inshirah, is like the one who meets me. Also, it is narrated from Imam al-Sadiq (a) that whoever recites Sura al-Inshirah many times at night and on the day, all of his limbs and things around him would give testimony in favor of him on the day of Judgment. In another hadith from the Prophet (s), it is mentioned that whoever recites this sura, God will surly give him certainty and health.
Many times recitation of this sura every day and night is recommended and its recitation is advised in the second rak'a of a prayer performed for overcoming hardship. Also, some benefits are mentioned for this sura including: relieving the pain in the chest, making child delivery easy, removing fear and guarding the person in journeys by the sea.
|For the full text, see text:Sura al-Sharh.|
- Khamagar, Muhammad, Sakhtar-i suraha-yi Qur'an-i karim, Mu'assisa-yi Farhangi-yi Qur'an wa 'Itrat-i Nur al-Thaqalayn, Qom: Nashra, ed.1, 1392 Sh.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from سوره شرح in Farsi WikiShia.