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Sura al-Sharh

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Sura al-Sharh
Sura al-Tin← →Sura al-Duha
سوره شرح.jpg
Sura Number 94
Juz' 30
Revelation
Revelation Number 12
Makki/Madani Makki
Information
Verse Count 8
Word Count 27
Letter Count 102
This article is an introduction to the Sura al-Sharh; to read its text see text:Sura al-Sharh.

Sura al-Sharḥ (Arabic: سورة الشرح) or Inshiraḥ (إِنشراح) or Alam nashraḥ (اَلَم نَشرَح) is the 94th sura of the Qur'an. It is a Makki sura located in juz' 30. All three names of the sura are adopted from the first verse of the sura which speaks about the openness and comfort of the heart of the Prophet (s). Sura al-Inshirah mentions the blessings of God for His messenger and calms the Prophet (s). One of the famous verses of this sura is verse 5 which promises that ease accompanies hardship. It is mentioned in the rulings that in obligatory prayers, it is not allowed to recite Sura al-Inshirah alone after Sura al-Fatiha (Qur'an 2) and it should accompany Sura al-Duha (Quran 93). About the merits of recitation of Sura al-Sharh, it is narrated from the Prophet (s) that whoever recites Sura al-Inshirah is like a person who met the Prophet (s).

Naming

The name of this sura is "al-Sharh", "al-Inshirah" or "Alam nashrah" the three of which are adopted from the first verse of the sura. The cause of this naming is that the first verse of the sura speaks about Sharh sadr (openness/comfort of the heart) of the Prophet (s) by the light of faith.[1]

Order and Place of Revelation

Sura al-Sharh is a Makki sura and it was the 12th sura revealed to the Prophet (s). In the current order of the Qur'an,[2] it is 94th sura located in juz' 30.

Number of Verses and Order

Sura al-Sharh has 8 verses, 27 words and 102 letters. Regarding volume, this sura is among Mufassalat suras (having several short verses).[3]

Content

In Sura al-Sharh, God calmed the Prophet (s) by reminding him about His blessings including opening the Prophet's (s) heart, relieving him of his burden and exalting his name and says that indeed ease accompanies hardship. The same way God mentions His blessings upon the Prophet (s) in Qur'an 93, in this sura too, mentions other divine mercies and blessings upon the Prophet (s) the most important of which is opening the heart of the Prophet (s). In fact, Sura al-Inshirah comes after Sura al-Ḍuha.[4]

Content of Sura al-Sharh[5]
 
 
In the way of preaching the religion of God, you should not fear the problems
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
First topic: verses 1-4
blessings of God upon the Prophet (a) after tolerating the difficulties of the mission
 
Second topic: verses 5-8
Two lessons from the blessings of God upon the Prophet (a) after tolerating difficulties
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
First blessing: verse 1
Increasing and spiritual tolerance of the Prophet (a)
 
First lesson: verses 5-6
In the heart of every hardship, there is ease
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Second blessing: verses 2-3
Relieving him of the mission's burden
 
Second lesson: verses 7-8
In the way of preaching religion of God, the hardships should be welcomed
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Third blessing: verse 4
Exalting his name

Famous Verses

(فَإِنَّ مَعَ الْعُسْرِ يُسْرًا ﴿٥﴾ إِنَّ مَعَ الْعُسْرِ يُسْرًا (٦
"Indeed ease accompanies hardship. Indeed ease accompanies hardship."

In the commentary of this verse, it is mentioned that the content of this verse is not about the Prophet (s) and his time; but, it is a general rule that gives good news of ease and relief to faithful people. A point in this verse is that the Qur'an says that at the same time there is hardship, there is ease, not that it comes after hardship.[6]

Recitation in Prayer

It is mentioned in rulings that Sura al-Inshirah alone cannot be recited after Sura al-Fatiha[7] and it is not enough and needs to be recited together with Sura al-Ḍuha. According to Fadil al-Naraqi, the famous opinion of fiqh scholars is the recitation of the two suras together.[8]

Merits and Benefits

About the merits of this sura, it is narrated from the Prophet (s) that, whoever recites Sura al-Inshirah, is like the one who meets me.[9] Also, it is narrated from Imam al-Sadiq (a) that whoever recites Sura al-Inshirah many times at night and on the day, all of his limbs and things around him would give testimony in favor of him on the day of Judgment.[10] In another hadith from the Prophet (s), it is mentioned that whoever recites this sura, God will surly give him certainty and health.[11]

Many times recitation of this sura every day and night is recommended[12] and its recitation is advised in the second rak'a of a prayer performed for overcoming hardship.[13] Also, some benefits are mentioned for this sura including: relieving the pain in the chest, making child delivery easy,[14] removing fear and guarding the person in journeys by the sea.[15]

See also

Notes

  1. Khurramshāhī, Dānishnāma-yi Qurʾān, vol. 2, p. 1265.
  2. Maʿrifat, Āmūzish-i ʿulūm-i Qurʾān, vol. 2, p. 166.
  3. Khurramshāhī, Dānishnāma-yi Qurʾān, vol. 2, p. 1265.
  4. Khurramshāhī, Dānishnāma-yi Qurʾān, vol. 2, p. 1265.
  5. Khamagar, Muhammad, Sakhtar-i suraha-yi Qur'an-i karim, Mu'assisa-yi Farhangi-yi Qur'an wa 'Itrat-i Nur al-Thaqalayn, Qom: Nashra, ed.1, 1392 Sh.
  6. Makārim Shīrāzī, Tafsīr-i nimūna, vol. 27, p. 127.
  7. Najafī, Jawāhir al-kalām, vol. 10, p. 20.
  8. Fāḍil Narāqī, Mustanad al-Shīʿa, vol. 5, p. 126.
  9. Ṭabrisī, Majmaʿ al-bayān, vol. 10, p. 387.
  10. Ṣadūq, Thawāb al-aʿmāl, p. 123.
  11. Baḥrānī, al-Burhān, vol. 5, p. 687.
  12. Kāshif al-Ghiṭāʾ, Kashf al-ghiṭāʾ, vol. 3, p. 475.
  13. Kāshif al-Ghiṭāʾ, Kashf al-ghiṭāʾ, vol. 3, p. 261.
  14. Baḥrānī, al-Burhān, vol. 5, p. 687.
  15. Nūrī, Mustadrak, vol. 8, p. 236.

References

  • Baḥrānī, Sayyid Hāshim al-. Al-Burhān fī tafsīr al-Qurʾān. Tehran: Bunyād-i Biʿthat, 1416 AH.
  • Kāshif al-Ghiṭāʾ, Jaʿfar al-. Kashf al-ghiṭāʾ. Qom: Muʾassisat al-Nshr al-Islāmī, 1422 AH.
  • Khurramshāhī, Bahāʾ al-Dīn. Dānishnāma-yi Qurʾān wa Qurʾān pazhūhī. Tehran: Dūstan-Nāhīd, 1377 Sh.
  • Makārim Shīrāzī, Nāṣir. Tafsīr-i nimūna. Tenth edition. Tehran: Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmīyya, 1371 Sh.
  • Maʿrifat, Muḥammad Hādī. Āmūzish-i ʿulūm-i Qurʾān. Qom: Markaz-i Chāp wa Nashr-i Sāzmān-i Tablīghāt-i Islāmī, 1371 Sh.
  • Najafī, Muḥammad Ḥasan al-. Jawāhir al-kalām. Qom: [n.p], 1417 AH.
  • Nūrī, Mīrzā Ḥusayn al-. Mustadrak. Beirut: Muʿassisat Āl al-Bayt li-Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth, 1408 AH.
  • Ṣadūq, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-. Thawāb al-aʿmāl wa ʿiqāb al-aʿmāl. Edited by Ṣādiq Ḥasanzāda. Tehran: Armaghān-i Ṭūbā, 1382 Sh.
  • Ṭabrisī, Faḍl b. al-Ḥasan al-. Majmaʿ al-bayān. Translated to Farsi by Bīstūnī. Mashhad: Āstān-i Quds-i Raḍawī, 1390 Sh.