Sūra al-Naṣr (Arabic: سورة النَّصْر) is 110th sura of the Qur'an. It is a Madani sura located in juz' 30. The name of this sura is adopted from its first verse meaning "victory". Another name of this sura is Idhā Jāʾa (Arabic: إذا جاء). In this sura, there are three news about future, Conquest of Mecca with a great victory and final victory of Islam, accepting Islam by the people who lived around Mecca and giving allegiance to the Prophet (s), The demise of the Prophet (s).
The famous name of the sura is "al-Nasr" (Arabic: النَّصْر). The reason for this naming is that the word "al-Nasr" is used in the first verse of this sura and this sura speaks about the victory of God. Another name of this sura is "Idha Ja'a" (Arabic: إذا جاء), because it begins with this phrase. A third name of this sura is "al-Tawdīʿ" (Arabic: التَوْدِيع)as this sura was revealed to the Prophet (s) toward the end of his life.
Order and Place of Revelation
Sura al-Nasr is a Madani sura and 102nd sura in the order of revelation to the Prophet (s). It is 110th sura in the current compilation of Qur'an. Some exegetes believe that this sura was 111th or 112th sura revealed to the Prophet (s).
Number of Verses and Words
Sura al-Nasr has 3 verses, 19 words and 80 letters and is among mufassalat suras (having several short verses). Sura al-Nasr is among jam'i al-nuzul suras, meaning that all its verses were revealed together. 14 to 16 suras of the Qur'an are this same in revelation.
In Sura al-Nasr, God promises His messenger victory and assistance and declares that soon "you see the people entering Allah's religion in throngs". So to thank God for this victory and assistance, it orders the Prophet (s) to celebrate the praise of his Lord, and pleads to Him for forgiveness. Thus, according to some exegetes such as 'Allama Tabataba'i, this sura was revealed in Medina after Hudaybiyya peace treaty, before the Conquest of Mecca; so, the God's promises was the conquest of Mecca.
Time of Revelation and Foretelling
There are different views about when Sura al-Nasr revealed. For example, Ali b. Ibrahim al-Qummi said that this sura was revealed in Mina during Hajjat al-Wida'; or, al-Wahidi said that this sura was revealed when the Prophet (s) was returning form the Battle of Hunayn and the Prophet (s) did not live more than two years; however, some exegetes such as al-Tabrisi and 'Allama Tabataba'i believed that this sura was revealed after Hudaybiyya peace treaty, before the Conquest of Mecca; thus, the victory and "the people entering Allah's religion in throngs" mentioned in the first and second verses refer to the conquest of Mecca; because, it was after this victory that people accepted Islam in throngs.
This sura contains three news about the future:
- Conquest of Mecca with a great victory and a final domination of Islam
- Acceptance of Islam by the people of Mecca and its surroundings and allegiance with the Prophet (s)
- Demise of the Prophet (s)
Merits and Benefits
According to a hadith, anyone who recites four rak'as at the night of 9th of Sha'ban, and in each rak'a recites Sura al-Nasr 10 times after reciting Sura al-Fatiha, God will prohibit fire to his body (meaning that he will never be punished in the hell) and for each verse he recites, God will give him the reward of ten martyrs like the martyrs of the Battle of Badr and the rewards of religious scholars.
Also, some benefits are mentioned for recitation of this sura such as the fulfillment of supplications and achieving victory against the enemies.
- The Material for this article is mainly taken from سوره نصر in Farsi WikiShia.
- Khamagar, Muhammad, Sakhtar-i suraha-yi Qur'an-i karim, Mu'assisa-yi Farhangi-yi Qur'an wa 'Itrat-i Nur al-Thaqalayn, Qom: Nashra, ed.1, 1392 Sh.