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Sura al-Tariq

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Sura al-Tariq
al-Buruj ← →al-A'la
سوره طارق.jpg
Sura Number 86
Juz' 30
Revelation
Revelation Number 36
Makki/Madani Makki
Information
Verse Count 17
Word Count 61
Letter Count 254
This article is an introduction to the Sura al-Tariq; to read its text see text:Sura al-Tariq.

Sūra al-Ṭāriq (Arabic:سوره الطارق) is 86th sura of the Qur'an. It is a Makki sura located in juz' 30. "Tariq" means "star". This sura is named "al-Tariq" because at the beginning of the sura, there is a swear by "the star". Sura al-Tariq speaks about the hereafter and mentions that God can resurrect human being after death. It also speaks about the importance of the Qur'an and introduces it as a decisive word.

Its 9th verse is among famous verses which calls the Judgment Day, "the day when the secrets shall be made manifest". It is narrated from the Prophet (s) that whoever recites Sura al-Tariq, God gives him 10 rewards for each of the stars in the sky.

Introduction

Naming

This sura is called "al-Tariq" because at the beginning of the sura, there are swears by the sky and al-Tariq.[1] Here, "al-Tariq" means a star[2] or a being which comes at night.[3]

Order and Place of Revelation

Sura al-Tariq is a Makki sura. In the order of revelation, it is 36th sura revealed to the Prophet (s). In the current order of the Qur'an, it is 86th sura[4] located in juz' 30.

Number of Verses and other Features

Sura al-Tariq has 17 verses and 254 letters. Regarding size, this sura is among Mufassalat suras (having several short verses) and suras beginning with swears.[5]

Content

According to Tafsir-i nimuna, this sura discusses about two issues: 1. The hereafter, 2. The Qur'an, its value and importance. At the beginning of the sura, after some swears, God mentions the existence of watchers from God over human being and then mentions the primary life and the emergence of human being from an effusing fluid and concludes that God who can create human being from such a worthless water can resurrect him too. Next, some of the features of the Resurrection are mentioned and then using several meaningful swears, reminds the importance of the Qur'an and finally ends the sura by threatening disbelievers to divine punishment.[6]

Content of Sura al-Tariq[7]
 
 
Reasons for proving corporeal resurrection of human being
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
First: verses 1-4
Preservation of soul after death
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Second: verses 5-10
God's power over creation of human being from an effusing fluid
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Third: verses 11-14
The law of recyclability in the creatio
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Conclusion: verses 15-17
Disbelievers' plots for rejecting corporeal resurrection will not be successful


Famous Verse

Following the previous verse which says that God is able to resurrect human being, verse 9 describes the Day of Resurrection and says that on that day, the secrets shall be made manifest. About this manifestation, Tafsir-i nimuna wrote that this manifestation of secrets is a cause of honor and increase of blessings for believers and a cause of shame, debasement and humiliation for wrong-doers and how painful is that a person who hides his ugliness all his lifetime, becomes ashamed and humiliated in front of all people.[8]

Merits and Benefits

About the merits of this sura, it is narrated from the Prophet (s) that whoever recites Sura al-Tariq, God will give him 10 rewards for each of the stars in the sky.[9] In another hadith, the Prophet (s) considered teaching Sura al-Tariq a means of closeness to God and a cause of forgiveness of sins except polytheism.[10] It is narrated from Imam al-Sadiq (a) that whoever recites Sura al-Tariq in his obligatory prayers, will have a position before God on the Judgment Day and will be a companion of believers in the Paradise.[11]

In al-Burhan fi tafsir al-Qur'an, some benefits are mentioned for Sura al-Tariq such as prevention of the the infection of wound and repellence of insects and pests.[12]

Notes

  1. Khurramshāhī, Dānishnāma-yi Qurʾān, vol. 2, p. 1263.
  2. Rāghib al-Iṣfahānī, Mufradāt alfāẓ al-Qurʾān, under the word «طرق».
  3. Khurramshāhī, Dānishnāma-yi Qurʾān, vol. 2, p. 1263.
  4. Maʿrifat, Āmūzish-i ʿulūm-i Qurʾān, vol. 2, p. 166.
  5. Khurramshāhī, Dānishnāma-yi Qurʾān, vol. 2, p. 1263.
  6. Makārim Shīrāzī, Tafsīr-i nimūna, vol. 26, p. 356.
  7. Khamagar, Muhammad, Sakhtar-i suraha-yi Qur'an-i karim, Mu'assisa-yi Farhangi-yi Qur'an wa 'Itrat-i Nur al-Thaqalayn, Qom: Nashra, ed.1, 1392 Sh.
  8. Makārim Shīrāzī, Tafsīr-i nimūna, vol. 26, p. 368.
  9. Ṭabrisī, Majmaʿ al-bayān, vol. 10, p. 320.
  10. Nūrī, Mustadrak al-wasāʾil, vol. 4, p. 365.
  11. Ṣadūq, Thawāb al-aʿmāl, p. 122.
  12. Baḥrānī, al-Burhān, vol. 5, p. 629.

References

  • Baḥrānī, Sayyid Hāshim b. Sulaymān al-. Al-Burhān fī tafsīr al-Qurʾān. Qom: Bunyād-i Biʾthat, 1416 AH.
  • Khurramshāhī, Bahāʾ al-Dīn. Dānishnāma-yi Qurʾān wa Qurʾān pazhūhī. Tehran: Dūstān-Nāhīd, 1377 Sh.
  • Makārim Shīrāzī, Nāṣir. Tafsīr-i nimūna. Tenth edition. Tehran: Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmīyya, 1371 Sh.
  • Maʿrifat, Muḥammad Hādī. Āmūzish-i ʿulūm-i Qurʾān. [n.p]: Markaz-i Chāp wa nashr-i Sāzmān-i Tablīghāt-i Islāmī, 1371 Sh.
  • Nūrī, Mīrzā Ḥusayn al-. Mustadrak al-wasāʾil. Beirut: Muʾassisat Āl al-Bayt li-Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth, 1408 AH.
  • Rāghib al-Iṣfahānī, Ḥusayn b. Muḥammad al-. Mufradāt alfāẓ al-Qurʾān. Edited by Ṣafwān ʿAdnān Dāwūdī, Beirut: Dār al-Ṣhāmīyya, 1412 AH.
  • Ṣadūq, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī al-. Thawāb al-aʿmāl wa ʿiqāb al-aʿmāl. Edited by Ṣādiq Ḥasanzāda. Tehran: Armaghān-i Ṭūbā, 1382 Sh.
  • Ṭabrisī, Faḍl b. al-Ḥasan al-. Majmaʿ al-bayān. Translated to Farsi by Bīstūnī. Mashhad: Āstān-i Quds-i Raḍawī, 1390 Sh.