Sūra al-Aḥqāf (Arabic: سورَة الأحْقاف) is the 46th sura of the Qur'an. It is a Makki Sura in the 26th juz'. "Ahqaf" literally means a sandy desert, and it refers to the land of the People of 'Ad—people of the Prophet Hud (a). Sura al-Ahqaf is concerned with the resurrection, the fate of believers and unbelievers on the day of resurrection, the world not being created purposelessly, and God being able to resurrect the dead. The sura recommends people to do good to their parents. According to some hadiths, the verse 15 of this sura was revealed about Imam al-Husayn (a). And there is a hadith about the virtues of this sura, according to which if one recites Sura al-Ahqaf every night or every Friday, then God will immune him from fears in this world, and will protect him against terrors of the day of resurrection.
The sura is known as "al-Ahqaf" because it is about the story and the land of the People of 'Ad, that is, people of the Prophet Hud (a). Their land was a sand desert, and this is why it was called "Ahqaf". The term, "ahqaf", occurs in the verse 21 of the sura.
Place and Order of Revelation
Sura al-Ahqaf is a Makki sura, and in its order of revelation, it was the 66th sura revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (s). In the traditional order of compilation, it is the 46th sura, occurring in the 26th juz' of the Qur'an.
Number of Verses and Words
Sura al-Ahqaf involves issues such as the resurrection and the condition of believers and unbelievers in the Afterlife, a recommendation to do good to one's parents, that the creation of the sky and the Earth, and the whole world, were not created purposelessly, that God has the power to bring the dead into life and survive their souls just as He was able to create the sky and the Earth. According to 'Allama Tabataba'i in his Tafsir al-mizan, the sura was revealed to warn polytheists who not only denied, but also mocked Islam, the Prophet (s) and the Qur'an.
The Verse 15 about Imam al-Husayn
According to a hadith from Imam al-Sadiq (a), the verse 15 of Sura al-Ahqaf ("And We have enjoined upon man, to his parents, good treatment. His mother carried him with hardship and gave birth to him with hardship, and his gestation and weaning [period] is thirty months") was revealed about Imam al-Husayn (a). Lady Fatima (a) carried and gave birth to Husayn (a) with hardship because she had heard her father, the Prophet (s), that Husayn (a) will be killed by some Muslims. Moreover, the period of Husayn's (a) gestation and weaning was 30 months, to which the verse refers.
Virtues and Features
According to a hadith from Imam al-Sadiq (a), if one recites Sura al-Ahqaf every night or every Friday, then God will immune him from fears in this world, and will protect him against terrors of the day of resurrection. There is also a hadith from the Prophet (s) according to which, if one recites Sura al-Ahqaf, then he will be given 10 rewards for every sand in the world, and he will be forgiven 10 sins, and he will be given 10 more degrees (in the Afterlife).
Some features of the Sura, as described in hadiths, include: if one writes down the sura and wash the writing with the water of Zamzam and then drink it, he will be well-reputed and popular and will have a good memory; or if one writes down the sura and hangs it from his neck or that of his child or infant, or writes it and then washes the writing and drinks the remaining water, then he will have a strong and healthy body, the child will be protected against dangers, and the infant in its cradle will be a source of happiness.
Stories and Historical Accounts
|For the full text, see text:Sura al-Ahqaf.|
- Khamagar, Muhammad, Sakhtar-i suraha-yi Qur'an-i karim, Mu'assisa-yi Farhangi-yi Qur'an wa 'Itrat-i Nur al-Thaqalayn, Qom: Nashra, ed.1, 1392 Sh.
- When We dispatched toward you a team of jinn listening to the Quran, when they were in its presence, they said, ‘Be silent!’ When it was finished, they went back to their people as warners.(29) They said, ‘O our people! Indeed, we have heard a Book, which has been sent down after Moses, confirming what was before it. It guides to the truth and to a straight path.(30) O our people! Respond to Allah’s summoner and have faith in Him. He will forgive you some of your sins and shelter you from a painful punishment.’(31) Those who do not respond to Allah’s summoner cannot frustrate [Allah] on the earth, and they will not find any protectors besides Him. They are in manifest error. (32)
- The material for this article is mainly taken from سوره احقاف in Farsi WikiShia.